Cases reported "Diplopia"

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1/756. magnetic resonance imaging of acquired Brown syndrome in a patient with psoriasis.

    PURPOSE: To report the occurrence of acquired Brown syndrome and associated magnetic resonance imaging findings in a patient with psoriasis. methods: A 42-year-old woman with a history of psoriasis developed pain, double vision, and limited elevation of her left eye in adduction. An orbital magnetic resonance image with gadolinium enhancement was obtained. RESULTS: Orbital magnetic resonance image disclosed abnormal enhancement of the left trochlea/tendon complex. The patient's symptoms resolved with corticosteroid therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Acquired Brown syndrome may be associated with psoriasis. The inflammation of the trochlea/tendon complex that can cause acquired Brown syndrome can be demonstrated on magnetic resonance image. ( info)

2/756. Pituitary macroadenoma manifesting as an isolated fourth nerve palsy.

    PURPOSE: To describe an unusual ophthalmic manifestation of a pituitary adenoma. methods: Case report. RESULTS: A 32-year-old man had left supraorbital and frontal headaches and new-onset vertical diplopia. Examination showed a left fourth nerve palsy and increased vertical fusional amplitudes. magnetic resonance imaging disclosed a sellar mass consistent with a pituitary macroadenoma. CONCLUSION: A pituitary adenoma may rarely manifest with an isolated fourth nerve palsy. ( info)

3/756. Fourth cranial nerve palsy in pediatric patients with pseudotumor cerebri.

    PURPOSE: To describe three children with acute fourth cranial nerve palsy secondary to pseudotumor cerebri. methods: We reviewed the medical records of children younger than 18 years who were diagnosed with pseudotumor cerebri between 1977 and 1997. pseudotumor cerebri was defined by normal neuro-imaging, elevated intracranial pressure measured by lumbar puncture, and normal cerebrospinal fluid composition. RESULTS: Three children with pseudotumor cerebri presented with vertical diplopia and clinical signs of fourth cranial nerve palsy including a hypertropia of the affected eye, which increased with adduction and ipsilateral head tilt. The fourth cranial nerve palsy resolved after reduction of the intracranial pressure in all three children. CONCLUSIONS: Fourth cranial nerve palsy may occur in children with pseudotumor cerebri and may be a nonspecific sign of elevated intracranial pressure. ( info)

4/756. Lessons to be learned: a case study approach. Primary hyperparathyroidism simulating an acute severe polyneuritis.

    The case is presented of a 65 year old lady with recent onset of neuromuscular manifestations, comprising paraparesis, areflexia and unsteady gait, along with episodes of slurring of speech and diplopia, later confirmed to be due to severe hypercalcaemia--which itself was caused by primary hyperparathyroidism. Restoration of normocalcaemia, by means of rehydration and bisphosphonate therapy, resulted in clinical improvement--whilst subsequent parathyroidectomy was followed by complete resolution of all symptoms. In order to make prompt differentiation between the neurological sequelae of hyperparathyroidism and a primary neurological disorder, a high index of suspicion is required. An urgent serum calcium assay, as part of a bone profile, is mandatory in patients who present with neurological symptoms--especially the elderly, amongst whom hyperparathyroidism is especially common. ( info)

5/756. Cerebral polyopia with extrastriate quadrantanopia: report of a case with magnetic resonance documentation of V2/V3 cortical infarction.

    This is a case report of the occurrence of cerebral diplopia with right-side superior homonymous quadrantanopia in a young woman after chiropractic neck manipulation. magnetic resonance imaging confirmed an infarct in the left inferior V2/V3 (extrastriate) cortex. The characteristics of the diplopia are illustrated with the patient's drawings, and persisting abnormalities in perception are described in the area of the initial field defect after static (computed) visual field testing yielded normal results. ( info)

6/756. Neuro-ophthalmologic manifestations of Maffucci's syndrome and Ollier's disease.

    patients with Ollier's disease (multiple skeletal enchondromas) and Maffucci's syndrome (multiple enchondromas associated with subcutaneous hemangiomas) may develop skull base chondrosarcomas or low-grade astrocytomas as a delayed consequence of these disorders. We report three patients with Ollier's disease and Maffucci's syndrome who had diplopia as the initial manifestation of intracranial tumors. Since patients with Maffucci's syndrome and Ollier's disease are at risk for the delayed development of brain and systemic neoplasms, neuroophthalmologists must be aware of the need for long-term surveillance in patients affected by these conditions. ( info)

7/756. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease presenting with visual blurring, diplopia and visual loss: Heidenhain's variant.

    Focal electroencephalographic abnormalities as described in Heidenhain's variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease are uncommon. We report a 73-year-old male presenting with visual symptoms, right hemianopia and rapidly progressive dementia. myoclonus was synchronous with generalised periodic epileptiform discharges on electroencephalography (EEG). In addition, there were periodic focal sharp waves at the left occipital region. diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance brain images showed slightly increased signal intensity in the occipital parasagittal area, left more than right. 14-3-3 protein was detected in the cerebrospinal fluid. The patient died within 5 months of presentation. ( info)

8/756. Cranial nerve palsy as a complication of operative traction.

    STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVE: This report documents one case of diplopia from abducens (sixth cranial) nerve palsy after spinal surgery using a Jackson table and cranial traction. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Cranial nerve deficits have frequently been described in the orthopedic literature after trauma, halo pelvic traction, and halo skeletal fixation. The theorized mechanism of injury to the abducens nerve involves stretch or traction force, which causes localized ischemia or a change in nerve position. An extensive literature search failed to show this type of injury using Gardner-Wells tongs in conjunction with the Jackson table. methods: This is a case report that included a chart review, examination of the patient, and a literature search. RESULTS: The patient had complete spontaneous resolution of abducens nerve dysfunction within 6 months. CONCLUSIONS: It is important for the surgeon to be aware of this potential complication and to inform patients who have diplopia that develops from abducens nerve palsy that most of these cranial nerve deficits spontaneously improve. ( info)

9/756. Pneumatocele of the orbit.

    PURPOSE: To describe an uncommon sinus condition that can cause proptosis. methods: Intermittent unilateral proptosis and diplopia developed in a 29-year-old man. Computed tomography showed an enlarged frontal sinus with erosion of the floor of the sinus and air in the orbit. RESULTS: Endoscopic ethmoidectomy and frontal sinusotomy corrected an outlet check valve of the nasal frontal duct and eliminated the proptosis. CONCLUSION: Pneumatocele of the orbit is an uncommon cause of proptosis and diplopia and can be corrected with endoscopic sinus surgery. ( info)

10/756. Surgically induced necrotizing scleritis in a patient with ankylosing spondylitis.

    We present the case of a 75-year-old man with ankylosing spondylitis who developed surgically induced necrotizing scleritis (SINS) more than 3 years after uneventful extracapsular cataract extraction and posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. The patient presented with a painful eye and increasing vertical diplopia. To our knowledge, neither the association of SINS and ankylosing spondylitis nor vertical diplopia as its presenting complaint has been described. ( info)
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