Cases reported "Ecchymosis"

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11/119. life-threatening subcutaneous hematoma caused by an axillary pad in an anticoagulated patient.

    A large subcutaneous hematoma extending from the left axillary region to the left flank developed in a 70-year-old man receiving anticoagulant therapy. The cause was repeated microtrauma caused by the axillary pad on a walker. physicians and physiotherapists should be aware that rehabilitation devices causing pressure on the skin increase hemorrhagic risk in patients taking anticoagulants. Accordingly, these patients should systematically be checked for hemorrhagic complications, and the use of such devices should be limited. ( info)

12/119. Injuries to avian researchers at Palmer Station, Antarctica from penguins, giant petrels, and skuas.

    This paper describes 5 cases of injury to seabird researchers between 1996 and 1999 at Palmer Station, Antarctica. The injuries were inflicted by 3 seabird species: the Adelie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae); the southern giant petrel (Macronectes giganteus); and the brown skua (Catharacta lonnbergi). All injured parties were biologic researchers with previous field experience working under National science Foundation research grants; all sought medical evaluation and treatment voluntarily. The nature and frequency of such injuries seems not to have been greatly reported in the medical literature. Although these cases were largely soft tissue injuries that healed without serious complications, the possibility of exotic infections is considered. We have dubbed this constellation of injuries AVES (Antarctic Vogel [German for bird] Encounter syndrome). ( info)

13/119. Massive left diaphragmatic separation and rupture due to coughing during an asthma exacerbation.

    We report a case of herniation of abdominal contents into the left hemithorax in a patient hospitalized with an acute exacerbation of asthma accompanied by paroxysms of coughing. There was no history of trauma. We believe this is the first reported case of diaphragmatic rupture complicating an asthma exacerbation. We review clinical features, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of diaphragmatic rupture in its most common setting, trauma, and discuss its occasional "spontaneous" occurrence. ( info)

14/119. Autoerythrocyte sensitization (Gardner-diamond) syndrome.

    We describe the clinical presentation and course of a patient with autoerythrocyte sensitization (Gardner-diamond) syndrome, and review the literature for similar cases. A 37-yr-old female presented with recurrent episodes of painful ecchymotic bruising over the anterior aspect of both thighs. These episodes were precipitated by emotional stress. The diagnosis was confirmed by induction of similar lesions by intradermal injection of the patient's own washed red blood cells and hemoglobin. The lesions did not recur for 6 months after the cause of her emotional stress was relieved. Autoerythrocyte sensitization (Gardner-diamond) syndrome should be considered in the differential diagnosis of purpura, especially in patients with psychiatric problems. ( info)

15/119. Traumatic asphyxia complicated by unwitnessed cardiac arrest.

    We report a case of traumatic asphyxia complicated by unwitnessed cardiac arrest in which the patient has made a good, functional recovery. Traumatic asphyxia is an uncommon clinical syndrome usually occurring after chest compression. Associated physical findings include subconjunctival hemorrhage and purple-blue neck and face discoloration. These facial changes can mimic those seen with massive closed head injury; however, cerebral injury after traumatic asphyxia usually occurs due to cerebral hypoxia. When such features are observed, the diagnosis of traumatic asphyxia should be considered. Prompt treatment with attention to the reestablishment of oxygenation and perfusion may result in good outcomes. ( info)

16/119. Trigeminal autonomic cephalgia with periorbital ecchymosis, ocular hemorrhage, hypertension and behavioral alterations.

    We describe a 38-year-old male in whom severe unilateral headache was associated with marked palpebral edema, periorbital ecchymosis, lacrimation, conjunctival injection, nasal congestion and rhinorrhea. A second, less severe headache form developed subsequently. The patient often presented severe labile hypertension and behavioral disturbances during the crises, and there was an episode of intra-ocular hemorrhage. General, neurological and ophthalmological examinations revealed nothing remarkable. We discuss possible pathogenetic mechanisms and the nosology of this case within the trigeminal autonomic cephalgias. ( info)

17/119. Signs of medullar aplasia in the oral cavity: report of case.

    Medullar aplasia is a hematological disease characterized by medullar dysfunction that results in a marked decrease of various hematological cellular elements. This produces anemia, infections of different etiologies and also, spontaneous or provoked hemorrhagic syndromes of varying importance. A case of medullar aplasia affecting a child, diagnosed after a tooth extraction is reported, and accompanied by its pathological characteristics. In addition, an easy reading E.L.I.S.A/ test for diagnosing herpes virus type 1 or 2 is presented. ( info)

18/119. A family with complement factor d deficiency.

    A complement factor d deficiency was found in a young woman who had experienced a serious neisseria meningitidis infection, in a deceased family member with a history of meningitis, and in three relatives without a history of serious infections. The patient and these three relatives showed a normal activity of the classical complement pathway, but a very low activity of the alternative complement pathway and a very low capacity to opsonize escherichia coli and N. meningitidis (isolated from the patient) for phagocytosis by normal human neutrophils. The alternative pathway-dependent hemolytic activity and the opsonizing capacity of these sera were restored by addition of purified factor D. The family had a high degree of consanguinity, and several other family members exhibited decreased levels of factor D. The gene encoding factor D was found to contain a point mutation that changed the TCG codon for serine 42 into a TAG stop codon. This mutation was found in both alleles of the five completely factor D-deficient family members and in one allele of 21 other members of the same family who had decreased or low-normal factor D levels in their serum. The gene sequence of the signal peptide of human factor D was also identified. Our report is the first, to our knowledge, to document a Factor D gene mutation. The mode of inheritance of factor D deficiency is autosomal recessive, in accordance with the localization of the Factor D gene on chromosome 19. Increased susceptibility for infections in individuals with a partial factor D deficiency is unlikely. ( info)

19/119. Facial features of widespread neuroblastoma: a case report.

    A case report of stage IV neuroblastoma which presented with periorbital swelling and ecchymosis originally misdiagnosed as facial trauma. The child soon developed a sinister pancytopenia, which following extensive investigations was revealed to be due to an underlying neuroblastoma. Periorbital ecchymosis associated with neuroblastoma is termed 'raccoon eyes' and is a diagnostic trap for the unwary. ( info)

20/119. Collapse, hoarseness of the voice and swelling and bruising of the neck: an unusual presentation of thoracic aortic dissection.

    A 66 year old woman presented to the accident and emergency department with history of collapse, hoarseness of the voice, and swelling and bruising of the neck. The diagnosis was not initially obvious because of the absence of chest pain. The findings on the radiograph of the soft tissue of the neck and chest radiograph suggested the need for computed tomography of the neck and chest. This confirmed the cervical haematoma and typical signs of aortic dissection. This unusual presentation of thoracic aortic dissection is discussed below. ( info)
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