Cases reported "ectodermal dysplasia"

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1/587. Detection of human papillomavirus type 10 dna in eccrine syringofibroadenomatosis occurring in Clouston's syndrome.

    Syringofibroadenomatosis is often associated with an underlying condition such as diabetes mellitus or hidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. By reason of these associations, a reactive or hamartomatous cause is suspected. We report a case of a 71-year-old woman with Clouston's syndrome in whom progressive multiple palmoplantar syringofibroadenomas developed over a 10-year period. The syringofibroadenomas formed flat-topped papules simulating verruca plana; the widespread distribution and chronic progressive course resembled epidermodysplasia verruciformis. Contiguous with the syringofibroadenoma's characteristic epithelial-stromal proliferation were epidermal changes of verruca plana. Evidence of human papillomavirus (HPV) infection was verified by immunolabeling with antibodies to bovine papillomavirus type 1 and detection of HPV 10 viral dna by means of polymerase chain reaction. Rather than a hamartomatous process, these findings suggest that syringofibroadenomas occurring in the setting of Clouston's syndrome could represent an HPV-induced epithelial proliferation. ( info)

2/587. A reactive acrosyringeal proliferation in a patient with ectodermal dysplasia: eccrine syringofibroadenoma-like lesion.

    A 33-year-old man with ectodermal dysplasia (ED) has suffered from keratotic, exudative, erythematous plaques on the genital area, thighs, and soles since age 17. Verrucous soft nodules in a cobblestone arrangement developed on the erythematous plaque on his left thigh when he was 31 years old. Histologic examination of the verrucous nodules demonstrated that they were composed of anastomosing thin cords of uniform, cuboidal, epithelial cells and a fibrovascular stroma. The changes are indicative of eccrine syringofibroadenoma of Mascaro (ESFA), which has been reported as a neoplasm, a hamartoma, or a nevus. With etretinate treatment, the verrucous nodules completely disappeared within two months. Similar, but much flatter, verrucous lesions recurred and disappeared twice during the subsequent two years period. These verrucous lesions were likely induced by irritation from urine, stool, and/or mechanical friction. This case of ESFA in a patient with ED clearly showed a reactive process which was successfully managed with oral etretinate. ( info)

3/587. A case of hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia.

    Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia (HED) is a rare, hereditary, congenital disease that affects several ectodermal structures. It is characterised by the following: anhidrosis or hypohidrosis, dental abnormalities, hypotrichosis, and a characteristic facies. The face shows prominent frontal bosses, supraorbital ridges and depressed bridges. We experienced a case of hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia in a 43-year-old male who had four characteristic features. A skin biopsy from the palm showed a total absence of the eccrine glands. The diagnosis was made on the basis of clinical features and skin biopsy findings. ( info)

4/587. Prosthodontic rehabilitation of an anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia patient: a clinical report.

    This clinical report describes the characteristics and prosthodontic restoration of a young male patient with anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. With proper care and prosthodontic treatment, the patient can enjoy a relatively normal life. It is important that the patient and his parents fully understand the dental problems related to his physiologic and psychologic conditions. The need for continued dental treatment is necessary. ( info)

5/587. A mutation detection strategy for the human keratin 6A gene and novel missense mutations in two cases of pachyonychia congenita type 1.

    pachyonychia congenita type 1 (PC-1) is an autosomal dominant ectodermal dysplasia characterized by hypertrophic nail dystrophy, focal non-epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma and variable features of oral leukokeratosis and follicular keratosis. Previously, we have shown that this disease can be caused by mutations in type I keratin K16 and one mutation has been reported in its type II keratin expression partner, K6a. mutation analysis for K6a has been hampered by the presence of multiple copies of the K6 gene in the human genome, of which some are expressed and others are pseudogenes. Here, we describe a mutation detection strategy where the entire KRT6A gene, approximately 7 kb, is specifically amplified by long-range PCR. Using this technique, we have detected two novel mutations in the 1A domain of the K6a polypeptide, N171K and F174S. Mutations were confirmed in the affected individuals and were excluded from 50 unaffected unrelated individuals by restriction enzyme analysis of KRT6A PCR products. Additionally, mutation N171K was confirmed by RT-PCR in mRNA derived from lesional palmoplantar epidermis of an affected individual, confirming the specificity of the genomic PCR for the functional K6a gene. This, together with a similar strategy which we have developed for the K16 gene, provide a robust system for mutation detection and prenatal diagnosis for patients with PC-1. ( info)

6/587. Identification of sporadic mutations in the helix initiation motif of keratin 6 in two pachyonychia congenita patients: further evidence for a mutational hot spot.

    pachyonychia congenita (PC) is a rare, autosomal dominant, ectodermal dysplasia characterized most distinctly by the presence of symmetric nail hypertrophy. In the Jadassohn-Lewandowsky form, or PC-1, additional cutaneous manifestations may include palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, hyperhidrosis, follicular keratoses, and oral leukokeratosis. Mutations have previously been identified in the 1A helix initiation motif of either keratin 6 or keratin 16 in patients with PC-1. In the current study, we have identified 2 sporadic, heterozygous mutations in the 1A helix region of the K6 isoform (K6a). The first mutation identified was a 3 base pair deletion (K6adelta N171). The second mutation was a C-to-A transversion resulting in an amino acid substitution (K6a N171K). These data, in combination with previous reports, provide further evidence that this location is a mutational hot spot. ( info)

7/587. skin fragility and hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia resulting from ablation of plakophilin 1.

    We report a 2-year-old boy with an unusual autosomal recessively inherited skin disease comprising trauma-induced skin fragility and congenital ectodermal dysplasia affecting hair, nails and sweat glands. skin biopsy showed widening of intercellular spaces between keratinocytes and ultrastructural findings of small, poorly formed desmosomes with reduced connections to the keratin filament cytoskeleton. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a complete absence of staining for the accessory desmosomal plaque protein plakophilin 1 (PKP1; band 6 protein). The affected individual was a compound heterozygote for null mutations on both alleles of the PKP1 gene. Both mutations occurred within the amino terminus of PKP1, the domain which normally binds the cytoskeletal keratin filament network to the cell membrane. Apart from its localization within desmosomal plaques, PKP1 may also be present within the cytoplasm and nucleus and has putative roles in signal transduction and regulation of gene activity. The clinicopathological observations in this patient demonstrate the relevance of PKP1 to desmosome formation, cutaneous cell-cell adhesion and epidermal development and demonstrate the specific manifestations of human functional knockout mutations in this gene. ( info)

8/587. A Rapp-Hodgkin like syndrome in three sibs: clinical, dental and dermatoglyphic study.

    Rapp-Hodgkin ectodermal dysplasia is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by distinctive craniofacies, cleft lip or palate, oligodontia or anodontia, hypoplasia of the nails, and a decrease in or absence of the sweat glands and hair follicles. We have identified a family in which three children display clinical features similar to Rapp-Hodgkin syndrome. The father and two other sisters of the patient had normal facial features, but had short stature and had dental anomalies, the latter suggestive of ectodermal dysplasia. The overall clinical, dental, and dermatoglyphic findings of these patients are discussed in relation to reports of families with Rapp-Hodgkin syndrome. ( info)

9/587. Evidence that AEC syndrome and Bowen--Armstrong syndrome are variable expressions of the same disease.

    Several clinical disorders combine ectodermal dysplasia (ED) and cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P). These conditions have been recognized as a group of diseases with a narrow phenotypic spectrum and multiple points of overlap. We report a patient with a clinical diagnosis of AEC syndrome (ankyloblepharon, ectodermal defects, and CL/P) who additionally has some features observed in a different ED-CL/P disorder, Bowen-Armstrong syndrome. Because of this clinical overlap, we suggest that AEC syndrome and Bowen-Armstrong syndrome may be variable manifestations of the same pathologic entity. ( info)

10/587. The wide spectrum of clinical expression in Adams-Oliver syndrome: a report of two cases.

    Two children are described with the combination of aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) and transverse limb defects known as Adams-Oliver syndrome. Whereas in the first child the typical features of ACC, syndactyly and transverse nail dystrophy were only mildly expressed and associated defects of the central nervous system and cardiac malformations were absent, the second child suffered from a very severe expression of the syndrome, with a combination of ACC, syndactyly, cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita and multiple cardiac and central nervous system malformations which resulted in fatal central respiratory insufficiency. ( info)
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