Cases reported "Empyema"

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1/259. Intrapericardial benign teratoma with unusual presentation.

    Benign teratoma, also referred as dermoid cyst, do occur in the mediastinum. However, their intrapericardial location has been reported very occasionally. This case of intrapericardial benign solid teratoma is being presented because of its rarity and its unusual presentation as a case of empyema, with features of cardiac compression and pericardial effusion. ( info)

2/259. actinomycosis of the central nervous system: surgical treatment of three cases.

    Three cases of actinomycotic brain infection are described, 2 of which manifested as cerebral abscess, the third as epidural empyema. Complete resolution of the infection was always achieved by means of surgical treatment and prolonged antibiotic therapy. The cases reported emphasize the importance of a combined approach in the treatment of this unusual cause of brain infection. ( info)

3/259. Developing bronchial fistulas as a late complication of extraperiosteal plombage.

    A 65-year-old male, who underwent extraperiosteal plombage for pulmonary tuberculosis 46 years ago, was referred to our hospital due to relapsing hemosputa and pneumonia. A chest computed tomography scan revealed a bronchial fistula and a fluid collection in one Lucite ball. On May 20, 1996, a right-anterior thoracotomy was performed in a supine position. Five Lucite balls were removed, and the empyema space was tightly filled with an omental pedicle flap. Although the bronchial fistulas were not sutured directly, the air leakage from the drainage tube ceased 12 days later. Two years postoperatively the patient has remained well. Our simple approach of combining an anterior thoracotomy and replacement of an empyema space with an omental pedicle flap in the same posture, without closing bronchial fistulas, would be an easy procedure, and therefore exploitable in patients who have a similar problem. ( info)

4/259. Concha bullosa pyocele--undiagnosed for 3 years.

    We report a rare case of post-traumatic concha bullosa pyocele in a diabetic teenager that has gone undiagnosed for 3 years. The clinical findings, radiological features and management are discussed. The literature is reviewed. ( info)

5/259. Loss of resistance to methicillin and other antibiotics in staphylococcus aureus associated with a chronic empyema.

    A chronic empyema was investigated in a patient during a period of seven years. A strain of staphylococcus aureus resistant to methicillin and four other antibiotics was isolated and the loss of all these determinants was shown to occur in vitro. A similarly sensitive organism was obtained directly from the patient during the later stages of his illness and the homogeneity of the phage patterns indicate that the organism was a true variant which evolved from the highly resistant one. ( info)

6/259. Endoscopic stereotactic surgery for intraventricular loculated empyema: case report.

    BACKGROUND: Ventriculitis accompanied by formation of an intraventricular loculated empyema is a very unusual complication of purulent meningitis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 62-year-old man presented with acute purulent ventriculitis secondary to a small paraventricular abscess. The well-documented computed tomography scans demonstrated the development of an intraventricular loculated empyema in the posterior portion of the left lateral ventricle. A stereotactically guided endoscopic procedure was performed to drain and rinse the empyema and to remove membranous tissue in order to establish free communication with the ventricular system. In the further course, a ventriculoperitoneal shunt was placed. The patient had recovered almost completely 1 year after the procedure. CONCLUSIONS: Ventriculitis frequently results in severe morbidity and often causes death. Intraventricular pathologies can be treated effectively by endoscopic stereotactic methods. To our knowledge, this is the first case of successful treatment of an intraventricular loculated empyema in an adult. ( info)

7/259. ampicillin-resistant Haemophilus influenzae pneumonia and empyema in an infant.

    ampicillin-resistant haemophilus influenzae type b was isolated from the pleural fluid of a 15-month-old infant with pneumonia and empyema. The patient was cured when chloramphenicol treatment was substituted for ampicillin. ( info)

8/259. Etiologic diagnosis of intrapleural empyema by counterimmunoelectrophoresis.

    Cultural methods failed to identify the infecting organism in 4 patients with intrapleural empyema. Antimicrobial drugs had been administered to 3 of the patients before their admssion to the hospital. In each case, soluble polysaccharides believed to be those of pneumococcus or hemophilus were detected in the empyema fluid by counterimmunoelectrophoresis. These findings provided a rational basis for management of antimicrobial therapy for 3 of the patients and useful information on the origins of the empyema in the fourth patient. counterimmunoelectrophoresis is a useful additional method for presumptively identifying the infecting organism in patients with intrapleural empyema. ( info)

9/259. Management of empyema complicating lobectomy with superior vena cava replacement.

    We present the case of a 49-year-old man with right upper lobe adenocarcinoma invading the right brachiocephalic vein and the origin of the superior vena cava. En bloc resection of right upper lobe with the involved venous segments was carried out through a median sternotomy. Venous pathway was reestablished with a Gore-Tex (W.L. Gore & Assoc, Flagstaff, AZ) prosthesis. Postoperative course was marked by right pneumonia complicated by empyema. The patient underwent thoracotomy with completion pneumonectomy and latissimus dorsi transposition to cover both the prosthesis and the bronchial stump, as well as to fill the cavity. A favorable outcome was observed and long-term survival achieved. ( info)

10/259. empyema of lung associated with streptococcus milleri infection.

    empyema of the lung is a very serious illness which must be detected quickly and treated aggressively. We report an unusual case of empyema of the lung associated with a boating accident while the patient was fishing in a sea loch off the west coast of scotland. ( info)
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