Cases reported "Endometriosis"

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1/1103. Multiple endometrial stromal nodules with sparse cysts and glands in the lung--a nodular variation of endometriosis that may mimic metastases of sarcoma.

    We report an unusual case of a nodular variation of pulmonary endometriosis. To our knowledge, there is no previous report on a morphological investigation of this entity. The etiology of this rare condition is still a matter of discussion. The well-circumscribed nodular mass is composed of cells identical to, or closely resembling, those of endometrial stroma containing sparse cysts and glands. Immunohistochemically, the cells showed an extensive co-expression of cytokeratin AE1/AE3 and vimentin and were highly positive for progesterone receptor (PRICA) and estrogen receptor (ERICA). cells lining the cysts and glands as a monolayer were reactive for Ber-Ep4, cytokeratin Pan and cytokeratin AE1/AE3 and negative to all other markers used including PRICA and ERICA. The differential diagnosis of this entity included fibrous tumor of the pleura and metastatic low-grade-endometrial-stromal-sarcoma. The morphological findings are correlated with immunohistochemical studies and results of cell image analysis. This study details the clinicopathological features of the nodular variation of pulmonary endometriosis. ( info)

2/1103. Acute small bowel obstruction due to ileal endometriosis: a case report and literature review.

    A young women presented with non-resolving acute small bowel obstruction and was found to have a stricture in the distal ileum at laparotomy. Histologically this was due to endometriosis. Resection of the involved segment gave excellent results. ( info)

3/1103. Catamenial hemoptysis--a case report.

    Thoracic endometriosis is rare. Its associated clinical syndromes should be considered in menstruating women with pneumothorax or hemoptysis. The availability of chest CT scanning and danazol provide new technique in diagnosis and therapy. ( info)

4/1103. Radical surgery for endometriosis.

    Infiltrative endometriosis is an uncommon condition that may involve all pelvic organs and is associated with considerable morbidity. A small percentage of patients will have disease that is unresponsive to hormonal therapy and is unsuitable for conservative surgery. Presented is a review of 5 case reports of patients who required radical surgery for control of symptoms caused by endometriosis. Radical surgery was associated with minimal morbidity and a high rate of resolution of symptoms. Radical surgery should be considered as part of the treatment strategy particularly when there is evidence of endometriosis invading into the adjacent gastrointestinal tract or urinary tract. ( info)

5/1103. Umbilical endometriosis.

    Cutaneous endometriosis is a well known but rare phenomenon. We present a case of spontaneous umbilical endometriosis. The patient revealed a polypoid, brown-blue nodule within the umbilical depression with the typical history of monthly bleeding from the umbilicus. The differential diagnoses are summarized. ( info)

6/1103. endometriosis in the presacral nerve.

    OBJECTIVE: The authors report a case of extremely aggressive endometriosis involving a 32-year-old woman. methods: Different types of medication were used and various surgical procedures applied in order to reduce the clinical signs and symptoms. Among the surgical procedures employed was presacral neurectomy when endometriosis was identified in the presacral nerve. RESULTS: Receptor determination in the surgical piece was negative. CONCLUSIONS: The etiopathogenic and therapeutic aspects of this process are discussed. ( info)

7/1103. carcinosarcoma, endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma and endometriosis after tamoxifen therapy in breast cancer.

    The fourth case of heterologous mesodermal tumour of the uterine corpus, that developed, years following tamoxifen therapy for breast cancer in a postmenopausal woman with no previous pelvic irradiation, is presented with coincidental endometriosis and endometrial intraepithelial carcinoma. This coincidence after tamoxifen treatment appears to be an indication for the possible carcinogenic potency of tamoxifen. ( info)

8/1103. endometriosis: a clinically malignant disease.

    According to the literature this is the first patient with the primary diagnosis of an endometriosis (EMT) based on the cardinal symptom of an uremia in combination with a colorectal ileus. Operative removal of EMT was possible after hormonal suppression with Dienogest. ( info)

9/1103. Recurrent clear cell carcinoma of the ovary changing into producing parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTH-rP) with hypercalcemia.

    We experienced the case of a clear cell carcinoma of the ovary arising from an endometrial cyst, which started to produce parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTH-rP) in a recurrent tumor, thus inducing hypercalcemia. Using immunohistochemical analysis, we demonstrated that the primary carcinoma was immunonegative for PTH-rP, but that the recurrent carcinoma was strongly immunopositive for PTH-rP. ( info)

10/1103. Papillary clear cell adenocarcinoma of the groin arising from endometriosis.

    A 67-year-old woman presented with rapidly enlarging right anterior thigh mass. Clinical impression was of a primary sarcoma, but the histologic analysis of an incisional biopsy specimen showed adenocarcinoma with clear cell differentiation. Initially thought to be a metastasis, the malignant tumor appears to have arisen from extraabdominal endometriosis of the right groin. This case shows clinical, radiographic, and histologic findings that may help the orthopaedic surgeon recognize an unusual complication of extrapelvic endometriosis. ( info)
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