Cases reported "eosinophilia"

Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/1585. Latent coeliac disease. Personal experience.

    Latent coeliac disease (L.C.D.) is an extremely rare condition to describe. In this study we analyzed three cases of patients affected by L.C.D.: two of them suffered from insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and the other one from infantile cerebral palsy and eosinophilic gastroenteritis. We confirm the existence of this form of coeliac disease (C.D.), by means of duodenal biopsy, and stress the importance of an early diagnosis in order to prevent the serious consequences caused by untreated C.D. ( info)

2/1585. A rare case of cotrimoxazole-induced eosinophilic aseptic meningitis in an hiv-infected patient.

    A case of cotrimoxazole-induced meningoencephalitis in an hiv-infected patient without signs of AIDS is reported. The patient developed an apparently generalized seizure, of cotrimoxazole, 1 month after first taking a dose of this drug and a febrile coma after a second dose 3 weeks later. Lumbar puncture revealed eosinophilic aseptic meningitis. The patient quickly recovered without sequelae and was given antiretroviral therapy plus pentamidine aerosolized and pyrimethamine as prophylaxis for opportunistic infections. No other adverse effects were observed. The report describes the diagnosis of this case supported by a commentary, including a literature review. ( info)

3/1585. A case of eosinophilic myocarditis complicated by Kimura's disease (eosinophilic hyperplastic lymphogranuloma) and erythroderma.

    This report describes a patient with eosinophilic myocarditis complicated by Kimura's disease (eosinophilic hyperplastic lymphogranuloma) and erythroderma. A 50-year-old man presented with a complaint of precordial pain. However, the only abnormal finding on examinatioin was eosinophilia (1617 eosinophils/microl). Three years later, the patient developed chronic eczema, and was diagnosed with erythroderma posteczematosa. One year later, a tumor was detected in the right auricule, and a diagnosis of Kimura's disease was made, based on the biopsy findings. The patient developed progressive dyspnea 6 months later and was found to have cardiomegaly and a depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (17%). A diagnosis of eosinophilic myocarditis was made based on the results of a right ventricular endomyocardial biopsy. The eosinophilic myocarditis and erythrodrema were treated with steroids with improvement of both the eosinophilia and left ventricular function. ( info)

4/1585. Markedly high eosinophilia and an elevated serum IL-5 level in an infant with cow milk allergy.

    BACKGROUND: interleukin-5 (IL-5) promotes the production and function of eosinophils, and an increase in the serum soluble CD23 (sCD23) level is suggestive of enhanced type-2 helper T-cell activity. The secretion of a large amount of the proinflammatory cytokine, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-a), has been reported to alter the intestinal barrier capacity. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether or not distinct profiles of cytokine production were involved in the marked peripheral eosinophilia of as high as 20,000/mm3 and the gastrointestinal symptoms seen in an infant with cow milk allergy. methods: The levels of IL-5, sCD23, and TNF-alpha in serum and the culture supernatants of mononuclear cells were compared with those in infants with anaphylaxis to cow milk and nonallergic infants. RESULTS: interleukin-5 was detected in the serum (19 pg/mL) but became undetectable after 2 weeks on a milk-free diet together with clinical remission. A kinetic decrease in the serum sCD23 level was also observed during the administration of a milk-free diet with improvement of the eosinophilia in 2 months. The TNF-alpha produced in vitro after stimulation with cow milk protein was not different from in controls. CONCLUSION: It seems likely that the allergic inflammation due to cow milk can induce marked eosinophilia with an associated increase in IL-5 production. ( info)

5/1585. Ultrasound guided percutaneous fine-needle biopsy in a case of eosinophilic gastroenteritis.

    Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a rare disease; clinical features depend on which intestinal layer is involved. In our report a 70-year-old woman presented with intestinal subocclusion and ascites. Endoscopic biopsies of gastric mucosa were negative. Ultrasound guided percutaneous fine-needle biopsy showed muscle infiltration by eosinophils of muscle layer of the stomach and jejunum. Muscular and serosal disease are usually diagnosed only by laparotomy or laparoscopy. ( info)

6/1585. Wells' syndrome (eosinophilic cellulitis): correlation between clinical activity, eosinophil levels, eosinophil cation protein and interleukin-5.

    Wells' syndrome (WS) (eosinophilic cellulitis) is characterized by the presence of oedematous skin lesions associated with eosinophilia of the tissues. It has recently been observed that in patients with this disease, increased eosinophil cation protein (ECP) and interleukin (IL) -5 can be detected in peripheral blood, with T lymphocytes that have mRNA for this lymphokine. We present a patient with WS in whom we found a close correlation between clinical activity, eosinophils in blood and bone marrow, and ECP and IL-5 levels in peripheral blood and tissues. We underline the major part played by IL-5 in this disease. ( info)

7/1585. Detection of activated eosinophils in nasal polyps of an aspirin-induced asthma patient.

    aspirin-induced asthma (AIA) is frequently accompanied by nasal polyps. Eosinophil infiltration is a characteristic feature of nasal polyps associated with AIA. Even though steroids are well known to be effective on managing AIA and its nasal polyps, histochemical examinations after steroid therapy and at recurrence, involving eosinophil infiltration of nasal polyps, have been less studied. To know the histochemical effects of steroid treatment on eosinophil accumulation in nasal polyps of AIA and the histochemical feature of a recurring polyp and to detect distributional differences between storage and secreted forms of eosinophil cationic proteins, we carried out immunocytochemical labelling with antibodies against EGI (recognizing resting and activated eosinophils) and EG2 (recognizing only activated eosinophils), and determined eosinophil infiltration in nasal polyps that were obtained before and after steroid treatment, and at recurrence of polyps. A large number of eosinophils in AIA polyps were found before steroid treatment and at recurrence, and they were predominantly composed of activated eosinophils (EG2-positive). In contrast, eosinophil infiltration was rare in polyps obtained immediately after steroid treatment. This finding suggests that eosinophil infiltration may be associated with nasal polyp formation in AIA, and that activation of eosinophils plays an important role in accumulation of eosinophils and polyp formation beginning with the initial stage. ( info)

8/1585. A case of peripartum eosinophilic myocarditis.

    A 19-year-old postpartum patient with a previous history of asthma and eosinophilic myocarditis is described. Eosinophilic myocarditis is thought to be caused by exacerbation of the idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome by pregnancy. The diagnosis was made by a right ventricular endomyocardial biopsy, which showed an eosinophilic infiltrate with a few scattered foci of myonecrosis, but no fibrosis, vasculitis or granulomas. The patient's myocardial function continued to decline over a two-year follow-up period, despite normal levels of eosinophils. She developed echocardiographic evidence of diastolic and systolic dysfunction. ( info)

9/1585. Eosinophilic myocarditis associated with dense deposits of eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) in endomyocardium with high serum ECP.

    A case of eosinophilic myocarditis following high serum levels of eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) is described. A 27 year old woman was admitted with new york Heart association (NYHA) class III congestive heart failure. A haematological study showed hypereosinophilia with degranulation and vacuoles; the total eosinophil count was 7980/ml and the ECP serum concentration was noticeably high at 150 ng/ml. Endomyocardial biopsy from the right ventricle showed infiltration of eosinophils and dense deposits of ECP in the endocardium as well as the myocardium. Steroid treatment returned the total eosinophil count and serum ECP to normal, with satisfactory improvement in clinical features. eosinophilia may cause cardiac damage, and this report confirms that eosinophil degranulation is toxic. Thus, serum ECP seems to be a reliable indicator for diagnosis and for determining treatment parameters of eosinophilic myocarditis. ( info)

10/1585. Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis in infancy: report of two new cases.

    Eosinophilic pustular folliculitis (EPF) is a cutaneous inflammatory follicular disorder of unknown etiology. The diagnosis is made on the basis of clinical and histopathologic features. We describe two patients who had recurrent episodes of pruritic follicular papular and pustular lesions on the face, extremities, and trunk. The eruptions lasted for 1 month with intermittent remissions. Laboratory tests disclosed no infectious or parasitic etiology in patient 2. In patient 1 we isolated methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus in a blood culture. He had sepsis with lung and liver involvement. EPF is a self-limited dermatosis. On occasion, skin lesions may become superinfected, resulting in localized pyoderma or rarely systemic infection (sepsis). Histologically both of our patients showed a moderate mixed inflammatory infiltrate with numerous eosinophils centered around hair follicles. Their lesions responded well to topical corticosteroids. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'eosinophilia'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.