Cases reported "Epididymitis"

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1/166. Clinics in diagnostic imaging (33). Missed testicular torsion.

    A 13-year-old boy presented with a painful scrotal swelling. On examination, the left testis was enlarged and tender. Ultrasound scan showed diffuse hypoechogenicity, with absent intra-testicular but increased peri-testicular blood flow. The diagnosis of missed testicular torsion was confirmed at surgery. The role of imaging in differentiating among other causes of painful scrotal swelling, such as infection, trauma and tumour, are discussed. ( info)

2/166. An unusual case of ureteral ectopia in the seminal vesicle: diagnosis and surgical management.

    We report the case of a young man who presented with numerous episodes of ipsilateral epididymitis. Selected imaging studies with consideration of urogenital embryology lead to the rare diagnosis of a dysplastic kidney with ureteral ectopia in the seminal vesicle. After nephroureterectomy and vesiculectomy, convalescence was uneventful. No specific symptoms, equivocal diagnostic findings and the small number of patients limit the surgical experience in diseases of the seminal vesicle. Suprainguinal extravesical extirpation, however, appears to be an excellent operative approach in cases of unilateral seminal vesicle cysts. ( info)

3/166. Ectopic ureter associated with renal dysplasia.

    Two patients, aged 22 and 68, were admitted for recurrent orchi-epididymitis and septicemia respectively. On digital rectal examination, a right pararectal mass was palpated. CT showed in both patients unilateral renal agenesia with a dilated blind ectopic ureter and an enlarged pseudocystic seminal vesicle. MRI obtained in one patient demonstrated a hyperintense content of the blind ureter and the seminal vesicle. Cross section imaging findings were in agreement with deferentography. histology confirmed the diagnosis of renal dysplasia, with a blind ectopic ureter, opening in the seminal vesicle. ( info)

4/166. chlamydia trachomatis infection mimicking testicular malignancy in a young man.

    A young man with a low risk history for sexually transmitted diseases presented with an apparently longstanding, previously asymptomatic scrotal mass, highly suggestive of testicular malignancy on palpation. Ultrasound sited the lesion in the epididymis. Although there was no evidence of urethritis, chlamydia polymerase chain reaction testing was positive. Tumour markers were negative. Complete clinical and radiological response was achieved after a long course of doxycycline treatment, without surgical exploration of the scrotum, confirming the diagnosis of chlamydial epididymitis. ( info)

5/166. Epididymo-orchitis following intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin therapy.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of epididymo-orchitis that developed four years after treatment with intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) and to review the incidence of this adverse effect. DATA SOURCES: Information about the patient was obtained from the medical chart. A medline search of English-language literature (from January 1976 to April 1999) was conducted. STUDY SELECTION: All case reports of BCG-related epididymo-orchitis were evaluated. review articles describing complications of BCG therapy for bladder cancer and the prevention and treatment of these complications were reviewed. DATA EXTRACTION: Studies were evaluated for reports of BCG-related epididymo-orchitis and its treatment. DATA SYNTHESIS: Our case report is compared with others reported in the literature. The incidence of BCG-associated epididymoorchitis is rare. CONCLUSIONS: Epididymo-orchitis should be considered as a late complication of BCG therapy for bladder cancer. Proper patient selection may help decrease the risk of complications from BCG therapy. ( info)

6/166. Serious complications of tuberculous epididymitis.

    Tuberculous epididymitis is a rare entity associated with minor complications. We present two cases of tuberculous epididymitis associated with serious complications (bilateral psoas abscesses and Addison's disease with psoas abscess). A review of the literature disclosed six additional cases associated with serious complications (Addison's disease, inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion, central nervous system involvement) which are discussed and compared to these cases. We conclude that tuberculous epididymitis represents a grave sequela of genital tract involvement and may be associated with serious and even fatal complications. ( info)

7/166. Acute scrotum in Henoch-Schonlein purpura.

    Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP) is a systemic vasculitis with manifestations usually involving the skin, gastrointestinal tract, kidney and joints. epididymitis is rarely seen as a complication of HSP. It is easily misdiagnosed as testicular torsion, causing the patient to undergo unnecessary surgery, because the patient may have complained of severe scrotal pain and swelling. We report a 5-year-old boy who was suffering from HSP associated with acute scrotal pain and swelling of the left testicle. No gastrointestinal signs were noted but severe joint pain, swelling and palpable skin lesions in the lower limbs and the buttocks were found. prednisolone was prescribed and the boy recovered without surgical intervention. ( info)

8/166. Acute appendicitis presenting with a testicular mass: ultrasound appearances.

    Acute appendicitis presenting with scrotal symptoms is a rare event, occurring when a patent processus vaginalis persists. We present a case where ultrasound demonstrated an inflamed appendix and a scrotal abscess, allowing the correct surgical management in a difficult clinical situation. In a child presenting with scrotal signs and vague lower abdominal symptoms, an ultrasound assessment of the right iliac fossa should always be performed. ( info)

9/166. Radiological findings in the diagnosis of genitourinary candidiasis.

    The presence of fungus balls within the collecting system is an important clue to the radiological diagnosis of genitourinary candidiasis. In this report, an 8-month-old infant with this opportunistic infection is described. Emphasis is placed on the radiological findings of renal candidiasis, including previously unreported MR appearances. Sonographic and Doppler findings of accompanying candida epididymitis are also described. ( info)

10/166. Xanthogranulomatous funiculitis and epididymo-orchitis in a tetraplegic patient.

    STUDY DESIGN: A case report of xanthogranulomatous funiculitis and epididymo-orchitis. Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is an uncommon, non-neoplastic process characterised by destruction of tissue, which is replaced by a striking cellular infiltrate of lipid-laden macrophages. CASE REPORT: A 21-year male sustained complete tetraplegia at C-6 level, after a fall in 1998. The neuropathic bladder was managed with an indwelling urethral catheter. He had many unsuccessful trials of micturition. Sixteen months after the cervical injury, he noticed swelling of the left side of the scrotum following removal of a blocked catheter. He was prescribed antibacterial therapy. Four weeks later, physical examination revealed a hard and irregular swelling encompassing the testis, epididymis and spermatic cord. The clinical diagnosis was epididymo-orchitis progressing to pyocele. Through a scrotal incision, the swollen testis, epididymis and diseased segment of the spermatic cord were removed en masse. Histopathology showed extensive areas of necrosis, with xanthogranulomatous inflammation in the spermatic cord and to a lesser extent in the testis/epididymis. CONCLUSION: Repeated episodes of high-pressure urinary reflux along the vas deferens during dyssynergic voiding, and subsequent interstitial extravasation of urine together with chronic, low-grade, suppurative infection possibly led to development of xanthogranulomatous inflammation in the testis and the epididymis. Since tissue destruction is a feature of xanthogranulomatous inflammation, the definite and curative treatment is either complete (or, where applicable, partial) excision of the affected organ in most of the cases. ( info)
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