Cases reported "esophageal diseases"

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1/713. Dissecting intramural haematoma of the oesophagus.

    The largest series of patients (n = 10) with dissecting intramural haematoma of the oesophagus is described. The typical features, chest pain with odynophagia or dysphagia and minor haematemesis are usually present but not always elicited at presentation. If elicited, these symptoms should suggest the diagnosis and avoid mistaken attribution to a cardiac origin for the pain. precipitating factors such as a forced Valsalva manoeuvre cannot be identified in at least half the cases. Early endoscopy is safe, and confirms the diagnosis when an haematoma within the oesophageal wall or the later appearances of a longitudinal ulcer are seen. Dissecting intramural haematoma of the oesophagus has an excellent prognosis when managed conservatively. ( info)

2/713. Esophageal inflammatory pseudotumor associated with a pseudodiverticulosis cyst: two inter-related lesions?

    There are some unusual esophageal lesions, which by their rarity, and location or etiology raise difficult therapeutic decisions for surgeons. In this report, we describe an esophageal inflammatory pseudotumor (IPT) associated with a pseudodiverticulosis cyst in an adult male. We discuss the pathogenic and the anatomopathological aspects of these uncommon associated lesions as well as the treatment of ITP. ( info)

3/713. Sororal occurrence of diffuse esophageal spasm.

    In this report, we have described two sisters with classical symptoms, radiological appearances, and manometric features of diffuse esophageal spasm. To the best of our knowledge, familial occurrence of this disorder has not been documented previously. ( info)

4/713. Symptomatic heterotopic gastric mucosa in the upper oesophagus.

    The presence of heterotopic gastric mucosa in the upper oesophagus has been reported to occur in up to 10 per cent of individuals but it is usually asymptomatic. We present two patients with symptomatic oesophageal heterotopic gastric mucosa and discuss the aetiology, pathogenesis, and management of the condition. ( info)

5/713. Esophageal ulcer and alendronate.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of esophageal ulcer associated with the use of alendronate. CASE REPORT: This is the fifth case ever described in the literature according to our bibliographic review. In our patient, the association between the drug and the esophageal lesions was masked by the presence of a hiatal hernia, potentially a cause of the esophageal lesion. The persistence of the lesions despite high doses of anti-reflux therapy called attention to the possibility of the relationship. The esophageal lesion healed soon after suspension of alendronate. DISCUSSION: The authors present a review of the literature and point to the need for diagnostic investigation, to suspend such a drug from patients who experience dyspeptic symptoms while using it. ( info)

6/713. Boerhaave's syndrome presenting as tension pneumothorax.

    Boerhaave's syndrome can present initially as a case of tension pneumothorax. mortality rate with delayed treatment is very high, therefore diagnosis should be made rapidly in the emergency department. Multidisciplinary cooperation, immediate radiological confirmation, prompt aggressive resuscitation, and surgical intervention offer the best chance of survival. ( info)

7/713. Expanding mesh stent in the emergency treatment of Boerhaave's syndrome.

    Boerhaave's syndrome, or spontaneous esophageal perforation, is a life threatening condition demanding early diagnosis and rapid aggressive management to prevent fulminant mediastinitis and death. We describe a patient treated in an emergency situation with an expanding esophageal mesh stent to bridge the esophageal rent together with chest and mediastinal drainage, resulting in complete recovery and return to the community. We also describe the partial recovery of the stent in the convalescent period. ( info)

8/713. Heterotopic sebaceous glands in the esophagus: histopathological and immunohistochemical study of a resected esophagus.

    A resected esophagus with numerous heterotopic sebaceous glands was examined in an attempt to determine whether esophageal heterotopic sebaceous glands are the result of a metaplastic process or a congenital anomaly. The present case concerns a 79-year-old Japanese man with numerous esophageal heterotopic sebaceous glands accompanied by superficial esophageal cancer. The resected esophagus possessed numerous heterotopic sebaceous glands, which could be seen clearly as slightly elevated, yellowish lesions. Histological examination of these glands, all of which were located in the lamina propria, revealed lobules of cells that showed characteristic sebaceous differentiation. Bulbous nests of proliferating basal cells showing sebaceous differentiation were occasionally observed in the esophageal epithelium. Of the antibodies against six different keratins used, only anti-keratin 14 labeled both the heterotopic sebaceous glands and the bulbous nests. Acquired metaplastic change of the esophageal epithelium is probably the pathogenetic mechanism involved in these unusual lesions. ( info)

9/713. oral manifestations as a hallmark of malignant acanthosis nigricans.

    We present a case of malignant acanthosis nigricans (AN) that initially manifested in the oral cavity. In the present report, the patient had typical clinical and histological findings of oral and esophageal AN, with subtle skin changes, associated with a gallbladder adenocarcinoma. The importance of the clinical oral examination is emphasized because the recognition of oral lesions led to the diagnosis of AN and to the following detection of the internal malignancy. Since the tumours associated with AN are highly malignant, it is of the utmost importance to recognize the skin and mucous membrane changes in adults. ( info)

10/713. The 4A syndrome association with osteoporosis.

    4A syndrome is characterised by adrenocortical insufficiency, achalasia, alacrima, autonomic and other neurological abnormalities. We report an 18-year-old boy with 4 A syndrome and having all classical features of the disease including sensorimotor neuropathy. In addition, the patient had low aldosterone levels and signs of osteoporosis, which apparently developed without glucocorticoid replacement therapy. Although it is speculated that the lack of local growth factors, nutritional deficiency secondary to achalasia or receptor abnormalities regarding bone metabolism contribute to osteoporosis, its etiopathogenesis still needs to be clarified. ( info)
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