Cases reported "eye abnormalities"

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1/742. A mutation in the RIEG1 gene associated with Peters' anomaly.

    Mutations within the RIEG1 homeobox gene on chromosome 4q25 have previously been reported in association with Rieger syndrome. We report a 3' splice site mutation within the 3rd intron of the RIEG1 gene which is associated with unilateral Peters' anomaly. The mutation is a single base substition of A to T at the invariant -2 site of the 3' splice site. Peters' anomaly, which is characterised by ocular anterior segment dysgenesis and central corneal opacification, is distinct from Rieger anomaly. This is the first description of a RIEG1 mutation associated with Peters' anomaly. ( info)

2/742. Kenny-Caffey syndrome: an Arab variant?

    We describe 2 unrelated Bedouin girls who met the criteria for the diagnosis of Kenny-Caffey syndrome. The girls had some unusual features--microcephaly and psychomotor retardation--that distinguish the Kenny-Caffey syndrome profile in Arab children from the classical Kenny-Caffey syndrome phenotype characterized by macrocephaly and normal intelligence. The 2 girls did not harbor the 22q11 microdeletion (the hallmark of the DiGeorge cluster of diseases) that we previously reported in another Bedouin family with the Kenny-Caffey syndrome (Sabry et al. J Med Genet 1998: 35(1): 31-36). This indicates considerable genetic heterogeneity for this syndrome. We also review previously reported 44 Arab/Bedouin patients with the same profile of hypoparathyroidism, short stature, seizures, mental retardation and microcephaly. Our results suggest that these patients represent an Arab variant of Kenny-Caffey syndrome with characteristic microcephaly and psychomotor retardation. We suggest that all patients with Kenny-Caffey syndrome should be investigated for the 22q11 microdeletion. Other possible genetic causes for the Kenny-Caffey syndrome or its Arab variant include chromosome 10p abnormalities. ( info)

3/742. Rare dental abnormalities seen in oculo-facio-cardio-dental (OFCD) syndrome: three new cases and review of nine patients.

    Oculo-facio-cardio-dental syndrome is a very rare condition. So far, only nine cases have been documented. We report on three additional female patients representing the same entity. The clinical findings were: congenital cataract, microphthalmia/microcornea, secondary glaucoma, vision impairment, ptosis, long narrow face, high nasal bridge, broad nasal tip with separated cartilages, long philtrum, cleft palate, atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, and skeletal anomalies. The following dental abnormalities were found: radiculomegaly, delayed dentition, oligodontia, root dilacerations (extension), and malocclusion. For the first time, fusion of teeth and hyperdontia of permanent upper teeth were seen. In addition, structural and morphological dental changes were noted. These findings expand the clinical spectrum of the syndrome. ( info)

4/742. Different phenotypic expression in relatives with fabry disease caused by a W226X mutation.

    Two male relatives with fabry disease presented striking differences in clinical symptoms and age of onset. The propositus had retarded statural growth and skeletal dysplasia while his nephew suffered mainly from aggravating acroparesthesia and celiac disease. fabry disease is an X-linked inborn error of glycosphingolipid metabolism resulting from deficient activity of the lysosomal hydrolase alpha-galactosidase A (alpha-Gal A) enzyme. The alpha-Gal A gene is located at Xq22.1. Efforts to establish genotype-phenotype correlations have been limited because most patients have private mutations. In previous clinical studies performed in families with fabry disease, marked differences in phenotype are described between affected relatives. This family also demonstrates the difficulty in predicting the clinical phenotype in patients and relatives with the same alpha-Gal A mutation. Furthermore, in the absence of a family history, the diagnosis may be easily missed. ( info)

5/742. persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous with retinal tumor in tuberous sclerosis: report of a case including tumoral immunohistochemistry and cytogenetic analyses.

    OBJECTIVE: The authors describe an ocular lesion combining the characteristics of persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV) and a retinal tumor in an infant with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC). STUDY DESIGN: Case report. methods: immunohistochemistry and cytogenetic studies were performed on TSC cells from an intraocular tumor in a 6-week-old infant. RESULTS: Histopathologic examination showed a thick fibrovascular membrane between the aspect of the lens and the astrocytic component of the mass. glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) showed a variable intracytoplasmic reaction in the astrocytic proliferation, involving approximately 50% of the cells. Tissue culture studies showed a fairly rapid proliferation of fusiform cells, consistent with bipolar astrocytic cells. Cytogenetic studies showed one abnormal clone consisting of three hyperdiploid cells with a loss of chromosome 9 and a gain of chromosomes 6 and 12. CONCLUSION: The atypical localization of the retinal tumor could be explained by the fact that it was trapped during its proliferation by the retinal detachment associated with the PHPV. ( info)

6/742. Ocular malformations, moyamoya disease, and midline cranial defects: a distinct syndrome.

    PURPOSE: To report a 10-year-old girl with developmental anomalies of both optic disks, a chorioretinal coloboma, sphenopharyngeal meningoencephalocele, and moyamoya disease. methods: A full ophthalmologic examination, cranial magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography, and cerebral angiography were performed. RESULTS: The patient had a morning glory disk anomaly and microphthalmos of the right eye and optic nerve hypoplasia and retinochoroidal coloboma in the left eye. She had a midfacial cleft and an episode of seizures and a stroke. magnetic resonance imaging showed a sphenopharyngeal meningoencephalocele. magnetic resonance angiography and cerebral angiography demonstrated a pattern consistent with moyamoya disease. CONCLUSIONS: This patient had a distinct syndrome of optic disk, retinochoroidal, and carotid circulation anomalies with midline cranial defects. The recognition and treatment of the vascular abnormalities and cranial defects may prevent complications such as strokes that may occur during or after general anesthesia. ( info)

7/742. Ophthalmic findings in GAPO syndrome.

    BACKGROUND: The main manifestations of GAPO syndrome are growth retardation (G), alopecia (A), pseudoanodontia (P), and optic atrophy (O). CASES: This syndrome has been described in 21 patients from 16 different families. Four cases are from turkey and have been presented by Sayli and Gul. The purpose of our study is to document the cases from turkey and discuss the ophthalmological and neuro-ophthalmolgical findings of these and other reported GAPO cases. OBSERVATIONS: All patients in the literature and our 4 cases have severe growth retardation with delayed bone age in infancy, characteristic facial appearance (high and bossed forehead, midface hypoplasia), alopecia or severe hypotrichosis, and pseudoanodontia. optic atrophy was present in 1 of our cases and in 5 previous cases. glaucoma was present in 5 cases, including 2 of ours. Buphthalmia and keratopathy secondary to glaucoma were also observed. White eyelashes, seen only in our cases, may be a sign of "early senility." CONCLUSIONS: optic atrophy is not a constant finding in GAPO syndrome. glaucoma may accompany the ocular findings. This syndrome has been attributed to either ectodermal dysplasia or the accumulation of extracellular connective tissue matrix, due to an enzyme deficiency involved in its metabolism. Current studies show that an elastin defect and secondary changes in collagen may be important in the pathogenesis of the disease. ( info)

8/742. Abnormal prenatal sonographic findings in the posterior cranial fossa: a case of Joubert's syndrome.

    Joubert's syndrome is a well-documented but rare disorder characterized by a variable combination of central nervous system, respiratory, renal and eye anomalies. The most significant and constant neuropathological finding is partial or complete agenesis of the cerebellar vermis. The syndrome was first described by Joubert and colleagues as a familial agenesis of the cerebellar vermis and appears to be inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. A case of Joubert's syndrome is described in which second-trimester ultrasonography demonstrated abnormal findings in the fetal posterior fossa with associated renal abnormalities. However, postnatal sonography of the posterior fossa could not confirm the prenatal findings, and the diagnosis of Joubert's syndrome was only later established by computed tomography of the neonatal brain in the knowledge of the characteristic clinical picture. ( info)

9/742. A patient with VACTERL association, amelia and hemifacial microsomia.

    We report on a girl with anal atresia, renal aplasia, vertebral and rib anomalies, amelia and hemifacial microsomia. The patient demonstrates the overlap between the VACTERL association and the oculoauriculovertebral dysplasia. We propose that amelia is a severe manifestation of the limb defects which occur in these developmental dysplasias. ( info)

10/742. Bilateral abortive cryptophthalmos associated with oculocutaneous albinism.

    PURPOSE: To document a case of bilateral abortive cryptophthalmos associated with oculocutaneous albinism. methods: We describe a 13-year-old female patient with blond skin and hair who had anomalous face and eyes first noted at birth. RESULTS: The patient had fair hair and complexion, bilateral anomalous wedge of scalp hair, upper eyebrow and eyelid deformities, cup-shaped ears, broad based nose with depressed bridge and midline groove, iris transillumination and diffuse hypopigmentation and foveal hypoplasia in fundus examination. CONCLUSION: Based on the clinical and laboratory findings, the reported case represents tyrosinase-positive oculocutaneous albinism together with bilateral abortive cryptophthalmos. The oculocutaneous albinism can either be an entirely new criterion to the whole syndrome of cryptophthalmos, or, more probably, the condition can be due to a double affliction which is primarily related with consanguinity of the parents. The importance of ante-natal diagnosis and genetic counseling are emphasized in such cases where the two recessive genes for two different conditions coexist. ( info)
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