Cases reported "facial paralysis"

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1/1111. Facial canal decompression leads to recovery of combined facial nerve paresis and trigeminal sensory neuropathy: case report.

    BACKGROUND: Trigeminal sensory neuropathy is often associated with facial idiopathic nerve paralysis (Bell's palsy). Although a cranial nerve viral polyneuropathy has been proposed as the usual cause, in many instances the etiology remains unclear. This case report of recovery of both trigeminal and facial neuropathy after surgical decompression of the facial nerve suggests an anatomic link. methods: A case of a 39-year-old woman presenting with recurrent unilateral facial paralysis is summarized. Her fifth episode, which did not spontaneously recover, was associated with retroorbital and maxillary pain as well as sensory loss in the trigeminal distribution. RESULTS: A middle cranial fossa approach for decompression of the lateral internal auditory canal, labyrinthine segment of the facial nerve and the geniculate ganglion was performed. The patient's pain and numbness resolved immediately postoperatively, and the facial paralysis improved markedly. CONCLUSION: This result implicates a trigeminal-facial reflex as hypothesized by others. It suggests that decompression of the facial nerve can lead to improvement in motor and sensory function as well as relief of pain in some patients with combined trigeminal and facial nerve dysfunction. ( info)

2/1111. Facial diplegia complicating a bilateral internal carotid artery dissection.

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We report a case of facial diplegia complicating a bilateral internal carotid artery dissection. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 49-year-old patient presented with unilateral headache and oculosympathetic paresis. cerebral angiography revealed a bilateral internal carotid artery dissection. A few days later, the patient developed a facial diplegia that regressed after arterial recanalization. An arterial anatomic variation may explain this ischemic complication of carotid dissection. CONCLUSIONS: Double carotid dissection should be included among the causes of bilateral seventh nerve palsy. ( info)

3/1111. Endoscopically assisted facial suspension for treatment of facial palsy.

    Static suspension remains an option for certain patients with facial paralysis. Endoscopically assisted facial suspension obviates the need for a counter-incision at the oral commissure to distally inset the fascia lata graft as described in the standard technique. The endoscopic technique is simple, allows secure placement of perioral fascial strips, and can be performed as an outpatient. ( info)

4/1111. The illness known as "twisted mouth" among the Nehinaw (Cree).

    This paper is based on interviews with two individuals who talked about their experiences with a condition known as "twisted mouth." While the biomedical label of Bell's palsy is often applied to such cases, the appropriateness of this label is not explored here. Rather, the focus is on how Nehinaw (Cree) cultural understandings frame the experience of and response to illness, even when biomedical practitioners were consulted. The interviews were carried out by the first author using the Nehinaw language as much as possible. Subtle linguistic clues within the interviews point to the pervasiveness of Nehinaw cultural understandings. ( info)

5/1111. Facial neuromas in children: delayed or immediate surgery?

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics and outcome of facial nerve neuromas in children. To date, no specific study has focused on children, and the management of these tumors is not codified. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: A review of case series treated in a tertiary care center of pediatric otolaryngology. SUBJECTS: The treatment and outcomes for 7 children (4 infants and 3 adolescents) were analyzed. RESULTS: Six patients underwent complete removal of tumor and immediate restoration of the nerve continuity. The grade of facial palsy improved in 4 of the 6 children, but did not get better than grade 3 (House classification). The remaining patient was managed conservatively and remained stable clinically and radiologically after 9 years follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: These findings support the reasonable strategy of combining conservative assessment of these slow-growing tumors with regular clinical and radiologic evaluations and radical surgery using various procedures. The choice depends on the age of the child, the extent and growth rate of the tumor, the grade of facial palsy, and the hearing function. ( info)

6/1111. Clinical characteristics of charge syndrome.

    charge syndrome, first described by Pagon, was named for its six major clinical features. They are: coloboma of the eye, heart defects, atresia of the choanae, retarded growth and development including CNS anomalies, genital hypoplasia and/or urinary tract anomalies, and ear anomalies and/or hearing loss. We experienced three cases of charge syndrome who displayed ocular coloboma, heart defects, retarded growth and development, and external ear anomalies, and we also review the previously reported literature concerning charge syndrome. ( info)

7/1111. facial paralysis: a presenting feature of rhabdomyosarcoma.

    The purpose of this paper is to present a child with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma involving the left middle ear, who initially presented with unilateral facial paralysis. A 5-year-old boy presented with a 4-week history of left-sided facial weakness, associated with persistent otitis media on that side. Examination revealed complete left lower motor neuron facial weakness and hearing loss. A myringotomy revealed a soft tissue mass behind the tympanic membrane. biopsy and oncologic assessment confirmed a stage II, group III left middle ear embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma. Despite debulking surgery, local irradiation and multiple chemotherapeutic courses the child deteriorated quickly. He developed carcinomatous meningitis and died 9 months after his initial presentation. In conclusion, middle ear tumors should be considered in the differential diagnosis of unresolving otitis media, particularly when associated with persistent ipsilateral facial paralysis. An ear mass, discharge, facial swelling, or systemic symptoms may be initially absent despite the presence of this aggressive malignancy. Careful examination of the middle ear is recommended in children with facial weakness. A myringotomy incision may be necessary including a complete assessment of the middle ear cavity, particularly when there is no fluid return. ( info)

8/1111. Physical therapy for facial paralysis: a tailored treatment approach.

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: bell palsy is an acute facial paralysis of unknown etiology. Although recovery from bell palsy is expected without intervention, clinical experience suggests that recovery is often incomplete. This case report describes a classification system used to guide treatment and to monitor recovery of an individual with facial paralysis. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 71-year-old woman with complete left facial paralysis secondary to bell palsy. signs and symptoms were assessed using a standardized measure of facial impairment (Facial Grading System [FGS]) and questions regarding functional limitations. A treatment-based category was assigned based on signs and symptoms. rehabilitation involved muscle re-education exercises tailored to the treatment-based category. OUTCOMES: In 14 physical therapy sessions over 13 months, the patient had improved facial impairments (initial FGS score= 17/100, final FGS score= 68/100) and no reported functional limitations. DISCUSSION: Recovery from bell palsy can be a complicated and lengthy process. The use of a classification system may help simplify the rehabilitation process. ( info)

9/1111. Autosomal dominant optic atrophy with unilateral facial palsy: a new hereditary condition?

    A mother and daughter are reported with bilateral optic atrophy with onset in infancy and unilateral facial palsy. This appears to be a novel autosomal dominant disorder. ( info)

10/1111. Facial palsy in a patient with leptospirosis: causal or accidental.

    Facial palsy, one of the most common neurological syndromes, has many causes. This is the first report of a patient with leptospirosis who developed facial palsy. The lesion responded to treatment with doxycycline hyclate. ( info)
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