Cases reported "Favism"

Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/14. Several mutations including two novel mutations of the glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase gene in Polish G6PD deficient subjects with chronic nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia, acute hemolytic anemia, and favism.

    dna sequencing revealed seven different glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) mutations in G6PD deficient subjects from 10 Polish families. Among them we found two novel mutations: 679C-->T (G6PD Radlowo, class 2) and a 1006A-->G (G6PD Torun, class 1). Variant G6PD Radlowo was characterized biochemically. Both novel mutations were analyzed using a model of the tertiary structure of the human enzyme. The main chain of G6PD Torun is different from the wild-type G6PD. The remaining mutations identified by us in deficient Polish patients were: 542A-->T (G6PD Malaga), 1160G-->A (G6PD Beverly Hills), 1178G-->A (G6PD Nashville), 1192G-->A (G6PD Puerto Limon), and 1246G-->A (G6PD tokyo). Variant tokyo was found in four families. In one of them favism was the first clinical sign of G6PD deficiency and chronic nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia (CNSHA) was diagnosed later. Variants G6PD Nashville and G6PD Puerto Limon were accompanied by the silent mutation 1311C-->T of the G6PD gene. ( info)

2/14. Hemolytic crisis after excessive ingestion of fava beans in a male infant with G6PD Canton.

    After ingesting fava beans, a 26-month-old Chinese-Japanese male infant showed a sickly complexion and yellowish-brownish skin and was hospitalized. Severe hemolytic anemia was observed on admission, and transfusion of 200 ml of packed red cells was required. Red cell enzyme assay revealed that the patient and the mother were deficient in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD). Subsequent molecular analysis showed that the patient had a missense mutation 1376 G to T (G6PD Canton) and his mother was a homozygote for the mutation. The patient was a son of a Chinese (Taiwanese) mother and a Japanese father. Although G6PD deficiency is rare in the original Japanese population, the number of "imported" cases could be rising rapidly. This is the first reported Japanese case of G6PD deficiency with G6PD Canton. ( info)

3/14. Megaesophagus in an asthmatic patient and beta2 stimulant treatment by inhalation.

    Megaesophagus is a severe esophageal malformation. We report a case of megaesophagus in an asthmatic patient affected by congenital non-haemolytic anaemia and undergoing beta2 stimulant treatment by inhalation. Our case could be due to chronic beta2 receptor stimulation with imbalance of alpha and beta receptor, without any implication of favism. ( info)

4/14. An Ashkenazi Jewish woman presenting with favism.

    The case of a 44 year old Ashkenazi Jewish woman of Russian origin who presented with a typical clinical and haematological picture of favism is reported. There was initial difficulty in confirming glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency because the enzyme concentrations were normal at presentation, but later fell to a concentration compatible with heterozygosity for the Mediterranean type of G6PD deficiency. The diagnosis was also later confirmed by gene analysis. The reasons for the difficulties in the initial confirmation of the diagnosis and the normal G6PD enzyme activity at presentation are discussed. ( info)

5/14. Familial pityriasis rotunda.

    pityriasis rotunda is a rare dermatosis characterized by circular, dusty scaling, dyschromic patches, quite asymptomatic and mostly described in Japanese and blacks. The authors have seen three cases of pityriasis rotunda in a Sardinian family that are to be added to two other similar reports. The patients were all in good health. An interesting feature was the association with favism. On inquiry it was discovered that many more members of the family were affected by either or both pathologies. The authors believe this condition to be a form of minor acquired ichthyosis of which Sardinia could be an ethnic center. ( info)

6/14. Glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase variants: Gd ( ) Alexandra associated with neonatal jaundice and Gd (-) Camperdown in a young man with lamellar cataracts.

    Two male subjects are described, with unusual clinical presentations and with hitherto undescribed G6PD variants. The first, of Italian extraction, suffered from severe neonatal jaundice following maternal ingestion of fresh broad beans (vicia fava) both prenatally and postnatally: the expression of the enzymatic defect was much more severe in the neonatal period than on retesting in adolescence, when biochemical characterization showed unique features which justify designation as a new variant Gd( ) Alexandra. The second patient, a boy of Maltese extraction who was found to have bilateral lamellar cataracts at the age of 4 years, was identified as G6PD deficient only as a result of a survey of children of Mediterranean origin with unexplained cataract formation; he has approximately 15% of normal enzyme activity, with another unique combination of biochemical characteristics which has led to its designation as Gd(-) Camperdown. Although this association may be coincidental, it prompts further attention to the possibility that under certain circumstances G6PD deficiency may favor cataract formation. The two cases illustrate the value of characterization of the mutant enzyme whenever unexpected clinical or laboratory results are obtained. ( info)

7/14. glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in southern italy: a case of G6PD A(-) associated with favism.

    During a routine screening for G6PD deficiency in the Province of Matera (Southern italy), an eleven-year-old boy was brought to our attention who had fever obviously caused by a viral infection, but who also had hepatosplenomegaly and haemoglobinuria. The boy had previously experienced two severe haemolytic attacks. At the age of six months severe haemolysis occurred after the ingestion of cooked fava beans. At the age of seven years, the haemolytic episode was very likely triggered by oral administration of co-trimoxazole. The G6PD activity level in erythrocyte lysate was clearly defective (25% of normal). The electrophoretic mobility of G6PD was 110% of normal. These data together with those obtained from biochemical and molecular characterisation allowed the variant to be identified as G6PD A(-). This is the first report of an association between the African type G6PD deficiency variant and favism. ( info)

8/14. Vitreoretinal hemorrhages after ingestion of fava beans in a G-6-PD-deficient subject.

    A case of vitreo retinal hemorrhages following a hemolytic crisis by fava beans in a G-6-DP-deficient patient is reported. Intravascular coagulation due to thromboplastin-like substances liberated by the diseased RBC could be the cause. The possibility of vitreoretinal hemorrhages of this nature in young subjects from the areas where G-6-PD deficiency is endemic is stressed. ( info)

9/14. heterozygote detection in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency: limitation of hair follicle analysis.

    glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency was demonstrated in a case of favism. The X-linked enzyme defect was expressed in erythrocytes but not in hair root cells. Predictably, the mother shown to be a heterozygous carrier on the basis of intermediate erythrocyte glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity could not be identified as a carrier by means of hair root study. It seems to be necessary to test the hair roots of at least one enzyme-deficient member of the family to exclude false negative results, if hair root analysis is used for carrier detection. Because of the more or less clonal origin of hair roots, they remain a convenient biopsy material with which to study heterozygosity in X-linked inborn errors of metabolism. ( info)

10/14. Gd(-) Muret and gd(-) Colomiers, two new variants of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase associated with favism.

    Two males subjects are described with hitherto undescribed glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) variants. The first is of French ancestry, the second of Sicilian extraction. Each subject suffered from acute hemolytic anemia following ingestion of broad beans (vicia fava). In both cases the hemolytic crisis occurred in a late period of life (29 and 58 years). No previous hemolytic crisis was recorded. The electrophoretic and kinetic properties of the mutant enzymes examined after purification from the red cells allowed each to be distinguished from other G6PD variants reported until now. The first variant was named Gd(-) Muret, the other Gd(-) Colomiers. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'favism'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.