Cases reported "Fibroadenoma"

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1/129. A reactive acrosyringeal proliferation in a patient with ectodermal dysplasia: eccrine syringofibroadenoma-like lesion.

    A 33-year-old man with ectodermal dysplasia (ED) has suffered from keratotic, exudative, erythematous plaques on the genital area, thighs, and soles since age 17. Verrucous soft nodules in a cobblestone arrangement developed on the erythematous plaque on his left thigh when he was 31 years old. Histologic examination of the verrucous nodules demonstrated that they were composed of anastomosing thin cords of uniform, cuboidal, epithelial cells and a fibrovascular stroma. The changes are indicative of eccrine syringofibroadenoma of Mascaro (ESFA), which has been reported as a neoplasm, a hamartoma, or a nevus. With etretinate treatment, the verrucous nodules completely disappeared within two months. Similar, but much flatter, verrucous lesions recurred and disappeared twice during the subsequent two years period. These verrucous lesions were likely induced by irritation from urine, stool, and/or mechanical friction. This case of ESFA in a patient with ED clearly showed a reactive process which was successfully managed with oral etretinate. ( info)

2/129. Molecular assessment of clonality leads to the identification of a new germ line TP53 mutation associated with malignant cystosarcoma phyllodes and soft tissue sarcoma.

    Cystosarcoma phyllodes (CSP) is a rare breast neoplasm composed of stromal and epithelial elements. It usually runs a benign course but it may metastasize. In a 31-year-old patient with recurring CSP, a mesenchymal tumor in the leg developed. The question arose whether the latter tumor could be a metastasis from the CSP, which would have major treatment consequences. The problem was addressed using molecular methods, i.e., comparison of the pattern of polymorphic repeat markers on chromosome 17p as well as single strand conformation polymorphism analysis and sequencing of exons 5 to 8 of the TP53 gene in both tumor and normal tissue. An identical pattern of loss of heterozygosity in both breast tumors was demonstrated, but a different pattern was shown in the tumor in the leg. This led to the conclusion that the latter tumor had to be a new primary tumor. A mutation in codon 162 of the TP53 gene was found in the tumor tissue as well as in the normal tissue of this patient. This germ line mutation leads to the replacement of isoleucine by asparagine and most likely has functional consequences. In all four examined tumors of this patient, the normal TP53 allele was lost. This is strong evidence that this germ line TP53 mutation causes the genesis of these two rare primary mesenchymal tumors in this young patient. The current study exemplifies the power of molecular diagnostic methods in investigating the specific clinical problem of clonal relation between two separate tumors. The germ line mutation found in codon 162 of the TP53 gene and the association with cystosarcoma phyllodes have not been described previously. ( info)

3/129. Clinics in diagnostic imaging (35). Metastases to the breasts, skin and bone.

    A 46-year-old woman presented with multiple skin lumps and right hip pain. Multiple nodules were palpable in the skin over the chest and abdominal wall, and in both breasts. Bilateral mammograms showed multiple solid masses, while ultrasound demonstrated multiple subcutaneous nodules. An osteolytic lesion was seen on the right hip radiograph. Excisional biopsy of a subcutaneous nodule revealed metastatic adenocarcinoma. The diagnosis of metastases to the breast is discussed, together with imaging features of other multiple breast lesions, such as fibroadenomas and cysts. ( info)

4/129. Secretory carcinoma of breast in an elderly female.

    Secretory carcinoma is the currently preferred designation for a unique neoplasm earlier thought to be exclusive to the adolescent/pre-menarchal breast. The neoplasm has a predilection for juveniles and young adults (< 30 years of age), becoming progressively less common with advancing age. This report is of one such instance in a 52 year old female, a rare occurrence in the elderly (> 50 years of age), with only five earlier cases on record in the English literature. ( info)

5/129. Eccrine syringofibroadenoma treated with a dual pulse width flashlamp pumped pulsed dye laser.

    BACKGROUND: Eccrine syringofibroadenoma is a rare benign eccrine ductal proliferation with a predilection for the extremities, most often found in middle-aged and elderly patients. Reported treatments have included excision and conventional destructive modalities; however, recurrences may be common. OBJECTIVE: We describe a patient with a chronic ulcerated verrucoid eccrine syringofibroadenoma that persisted despite cryotherapy or curettage and electrodessication. RESULTS: Treatment with a dual pulse width flashlamp pumped pulsed dye laser (FPDL) produced an excellent clinical response. CONCLUSION: Treatment of eccrine syringofibroadenoma with a FPDL may provide both a vascular specific injury, analogous to the treatment of verruca vulgaris, and nonspecific thermal destruction at high fluences. ( info)

6/129. Reactive eccrine syringofibroadenoma: an association with chronic foot ulcer in a patient with diabetes mellitus.

    Eccrine syringofibroadenoma is a rare skin tumor with a variety of reported clinical manifestations. We report a case of reactive eccrine syringofibroadenoma associated with a chronic skin ulcer of the foot in a patient with diabetes mellitus. ( info)

7/129. Lobular carcinoma-in-situ within a fibroadenoma of the breast.

    We present a case of an in-situ lobular carcinoma within an otherwise benign fibroadenoma in a 45-year-old woman. ( info)

8/129. Florid juvenile (cellular) fibroadenomatosis in the adolescent: a case for subcutaneous mastectomy?

    Juvenile or giant fibroadenoma (JF) is an uncommon fibroadenoma variant usually presenting in adolescence. Although these masses are benign, when multiple and bilateral, they present a complex challenge to the attending surgeon, both in diagnosis, and in selection of the most appropriate therapy. Treatment is usually surgical and ranges from simple excision to subcutaneous mastectomy with reconstruction. We report an unusual case of refractory JF, initially treated with combined hormonal and surgical treatment but ultimately requiring bilateral subcutaneous mastectomies to prevent tumor regrowth. This case highlights the occasional difficulty in the management of macromastia in the adolescent female. ( info)

9/129. Pleomorphic adenoma (benign "mixed" tumor) of the human female breast. Case report.

    A case of solitary pleomorphic adenoma, ("mixed" tumor of salivary gland type) of the left breast associated with the right breast fibroadenoma in 43-year-old woman is reported. The paper describes clinical, cytological, immunohistological and pathological findings in this case and indicates the importance of separating this benign entity from malignances with stromal metaplasia. ( info)

10/129. Carcinoma in a fibroadenoma.

    A carcinoma arising within a fibroadenoma is an unusual occurrence, with only a little over 100 reported cases. The purpose of this report is to increase the awareness of this entity and to discourage the practice of rendering a diagnosis on gross examination of the tumor. We are reporting a case with two distinct primary tumors within the same breast, one of which was arising within the fibroadenoma. Only two such cases have been previously reported. ( info)
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