Cases reported "Flail Chest"

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1/39. Differential lung physiotherapy using a double lumen tube in flail chest and refractory lung atelectasis.

    The management of refractory lung atelectasis in a patient with flail chest can be difficult. Treatment of lung atelectasis is complicated by practical problems with the application of chest physiotherapy, postural drainage and incentive spirometry. Although double lumen endotracheal tubes have been used in such cases for the purpose of differential lung ventilation, the use of differential lung physiotherapy has not been reported before. This report describes the successful application of this technique in a patient with flail chest and refractory lung atelectasis. ( info)

2/39. Blunt trauma with flail chest and penetrating aortic injury.

    Blunt chest trauma with flail chest is common. The mortality attributes initially to the associated pulmonary contusion, massive hemothorax and later to the occurrence of adult respiratory distress syndrome. We report a case of flail chest with segmental fractures near the costovertebral junction and delayed hemothorax attacked 14 h later. The final diagnosis of the penetrating aortic injury by detached rib fragment was appreciated by aortogram. Unfortunately, active aortic hemorrhage made prompt thoracotomy in vain for life salvage. ( info)

3/39. Operative stabilization of a flail chest six years after injury.

    We report a case of operative stabilization of an incompetent upper chest wall 6 years following flail chest. The indications for stabilization were chronic pain and dyspnea associated with rib malunion and loss of hemithorax volume. At operation, multiple pseudoarthroses were encountered and partial resection of ribs three and four was required. Malleable plates were used to bridge the gaps created by the resection and were secured in place with sternal wire. The patient reported a dramatic relief of symptoms and, at 18 months postoperatively, continues to work full-time on his cattle ranch essentially pain-free. ( info)

4/39. Successful transdiaphragmatic cardiac resuscitation through midline abdominal incision in patient with flail chest.

    This case report describes a transdiaphragmatic approach through an already present vertical midline abdominal incision for performing internal cardiac compressions in a 30-year-old male road accident victim. The patient had a flail chest with haemopneumothorax and haemoperitoneum. Exploratory laparotomy followed by splenectomy was performed under general anaesthesia but the patient developed a witnessed cardiac arrest in postoperative period. Successful resuscitation using internal cardiac compression by a transdiaphragmatic approach through the midline abdominal incision that was not extended proximally is described. ( info)

5/39. Delayed heart perforation after blunt trauma.

    A 33-year-old patient was hospitalized after a blunt chest trauma with a left flail chest. Six hours after admission to the intensive care unit the patient suddenly developed hypotension and tachycardia. His left chest tube drained 1.5 l of blood within minutes. Immediate resuscitation and emergency sternotomy with left anterolateral extension was performed for pericardial tamponade secondary to left ventricular perforation due to a sharp rib fragment. Outcome was favourable and the patient was operated on for his flail chest by internal stabilization the next day. ( info)

6/39. flail chest secondary to excessive rib resection in idiopathic scoliosis: case report.

    STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVES: To report a previously undescribed complication of scoliosis surgical treatment. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: None available. methods: Clinical case analysis. RESULTS: Excessive rib resection resulted in a permanent "flail" chest. CONCLUSION: Rib resection ("costoplasty") is a valuable procedure for obtaining bone graft and for esthetic reduction of rib prominence, but excessive removal and especially done twice can produce major disability. ( info)

7/39. External stabilization of flail chest using continuous negative extrathoracic pressure.

    On rare occasions after total sternectomy, patients develop persistent flail chest deformities requiring long-term mechanical respiratory assistance. We report the use of a temporary external chest shell to deliver constant negative extrathoracic pressure (CNEP) to a long-term ventilated patient with flail chest. The patient's anterior thoracic cage stabilized, and significant improvement in pulmonary function was observed. With these data in hand, an operation was done to permanently stabilize the anterior chest wall by bone grafting. ( info)

8/39. Modern concepts in the management of flail chest.

    Seven patients with varying degrees of paradoxical chest wall movement (flail chest) were managed conservatively at the University of Port Harcourt teaching Hospital with frusemide, methylprednisolone, non administration of crystalloid fluids and limitation of fluid intake. patients showed considerable improvement within the first 24-48 hours which was sustained throughout the period of management. All seven survived and showed no signs of respiratory distress in the resting state or while performing simple exercise. One patient however had slight to moderate chestwall deformity. ( info)

9/39. The stove-in chest: a complex flail chest injury.

    The stove-in chest is a rare form of flail chest in which there is collapse of a segment of the chest wall, associated with a high immediate mortality. A 65-year-old male pedestrian was admitted with severe chest pain and dyspnoea, after being struck by a car. The initial chest radiograph demonstrated multiple right-sided rib fractures and pulmonary contusion. His gas exchange was good, and after pain relief via an epidural catheter was achieved, an intercostal drain was inserted into the right hemi-thorax. Clinically apparent deformation of the chest then occurred. A further chest radiograph confirmed the stove-in chest. The patient remained well initially, but on day 5 he deteriorated precipitously with respiratory failure, and signs of systemic sepsis. He died despite maximal ventilatory and inotropic support on the intensive care Unit (ICU). Post-mortem examination demonstrated congested, oedematous lungs with a right-sided empyema. The management of complex flail chest injuries requires treatment to be tailored to the individual patient. Early ventilatory support, despite good gas exchange, may have closed down the pleural space prevented the empyema. Prophylactic ventilation and possibly surgical stabilisation of the chest wall should be considered early in the course of admission, even when the conventional parameters to indicate ventilation are not met. ( info)

10/39. blindness in the intensive care unit: possible role for vasopressors?

    blindness caused by ischemic optic neuropathy in the hospital setting occurs perioperatively and in critically ill patients, but its etiology remains ill defined. We describe four critically ill patients who developed blindness within 1 mo of one another. Three cases occurred outside of the operative arena. Potential risk factors for the development of ischemic optic neuropathy, such as use of vasopressors, venous congestion, and hypotension, are described. ( info)
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