Cases reported "Foreign-Body Reaction"

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1/492. Parietal mesh abscess as an original presentation of cancer of the caecum.

    We report a case of cancer of the caecum in a 71-year-old male who presented with parietal mesh abscess. Two years before, he was treated for a right inguinal hernia by insertion of a Dacron mesh. CT scan then colonoscopy determined the existence of a voluminous caecal tumor perforated in the abdominal wall with an important abscess around the mesh. Right colectomy and parietal muscles excision were performed completed with postoperative radiochemotherapy. At 2 years, there is no evidence of recurrence. Atypical features with a hernia mesh repair associated with a sudden change in the patient's condition should alert the clinician to the possibility of a further subjacent pathological process. ( info)

2/492. The clinical, histologic, and ultrastructural presentation of polyvinyl sponge (Ivalon) breast prostheses removed for massive fluid accumulation.

    The current study describes what we believe is the first report of bilateral massive seromas associated with open-cell Ivalon sponges. Additionally, the gross, histologic, and ultrastructural features consistent with previous reports of polyvinyl alcohol prostheses are presented. Despite the reported chemical inertness of polyvinyl alcohol, this material may incite a biologic response in some patients, leading to dense fibrosis and occasional foreign-body giant-cell reaction. It is postulated that the molecular breakdown products of the polyvinyl alcohol polymer may create an osmotic gradient across the periprosthetic capsule, which may lead to intracapsular fluid accumulation, as presented in this case. ( info)

3/492. Adverse effects associated with a bioabsorbable guided tissue regeneration device in the treatment of human gingival recession defects. A clinicopathologic case report.

    This clinicopathologic case report documents an adverse effect associated with the use of a polylactic acid-based barrier in the treatment of human gingival recession defects. A total of 27 consecutively treated patients, in whom guided tissue regeneration with a polylactic acid barrier was used to correct gingival recession defects, were evaluated. This adverse effect consisted of a midradicular-apical swelling, generally asymptomatic, with no apparent predilection for gender, age, tooth type or location (maxilla/mandible), or surgical procedure. It was observed in 14 of 27 (52%) patients and 22 of 41 (54%) defects. The swelling decreased in size over time and in most cases, it completely resolved within 12 months postsurgery. Histopathologic evaluation of a 14-week specimen indicated characteristics (multinucleated giant cells, foamy macrophages) consistent with a foreign body reaction. These findings suggest that patients undergoing GTR procedures with synthetic absorbable devices for the treatment of gingival recession defects should be advised of the possible occurrence of such an adverse effect. ( info)

4/492. Polyester fibre prosthetic anterior cruciate ligament implant rupture: necrosis of ingrown connective tissue.

    AIMS: To describe the histopathological and microanalytical features in seven cases of ruptured Apex(R) polyester (Terylene(R)) fibre anterior cruciate ligament prosthesis. methods AND RESULTS: Transmitted and polarized light microscopy was performed in all cases; one case was investigated by immunohistochemistry, transmission electron microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, with backscatter and X-ray detectors for elemental microanalysis. For comparison we also studied synovial biopsy material and unused polyester fibres. In the excised ligaments there was much ingrowth of fibrous tissue accompanying a florid giant cell reaction to the individual intact polyester fibres throughout the ligaments. phagocytosis of particles of prosthesis-derived material was demonstrated and a striking finding was of necrosis of the ingrown connective tissue in the central portions of the ligaments. Hyalinized areas and 'neoligament growth' were less striking. A consistent finding in the polyester fibres was of small particles containing antimony, used as a catalyst in the manufacturing process. CONCLUSIONS: The pattern of reaction to the prosthetic material and the presence of necrosis differ from previous descriptions in animal and human explants of this and other prosthesis types. The mechanical effect of the necrosis is unlikely to be of significance with this ligament, which is load-bearing ab initio. ( info)

5/492. Symptomatic Rathke's cleft cyst coexisting with central diabetes insipidus and hypophysitis: case report.

    We describe a 48-year-old female with acute onset of central diabetes insipidus followed by mild anterior pituitary dysfunction. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed enlargement of the hypophysis-infundibulum accompanied by a cystic component. She underwent a transsphenoidal exploration of the sella turcica. Histological examination showed foreign body type xanthogranulomatous inflammation in the neurohypophysis which might have been caused by rupture of a Rathke's cleft cyst. The MRI abnormalities and anterior pituitary dysfunction improved after a short course of corticosteroid administration, but the diabetes insipidus persisted. The histological findings in this case indicated the site of RCC rupture and the direction of the progression of RCC induced neurohypophysitis and adenohypophysitis. ( info)

6/492. Nonradiopaque penetrating foreign body: "a sticky situation".

    foreign bodies within soft tissues are common in children. They may cause a chronic inflammatory reaction that can result in abnormal findings on radiographs, including lytic or blastic osseous changes. These radiographic findings can mimic both benign and malignant processes. In cases where the history is uncertain and the foreign body is not recognized, magnetic resonance (MR) imaging can make a specific diagnosis and direct appropriate therapy. ( info)

7/492. histology and electron microscopy of explanted bifurcated endovascular aortic grafts: evidence of early incorporation and healing.

    PURPOSE: To report an examination of explanted bifurcated endovascular aortic grafts for histologic evidence of early healing and incorporation. METHOD: Two bifurcated endovascular aortic grafts composed of polycarbonate urethane and Elgiloy wire were explanted 42 and 21 days after successful endovascular exclusion of abdominal aortic aneurysms. Both patients expired from causes unrelated to endograft deployment. The explanted devices were examined using immunohistochemical analysis and electron microscopy. RESULTS: On explantation, both grafts appeared to have excluded the aneurysm with no evidence of endoleak, graft migration, or thrombosis. Histological examination showed numerous inflammatory cells and good ingrowth of tissue into the proximal 2 cm of the graft. collagen and smooth muscle cells were evident in the proximal portion of the graft with only collagen in the distal segments. Neointimal formation was seen within the proximal 2 cm also, but not at the distal segments. macrophages were present in the graft. Scanning electron microscopy showed an extensive matrix of fibers that most likely represented collagen. CONCLUSIONS: Bifurcated endovascular aortic grafts show inflammatory and mild foreign body reactions, collagen formation, and intimal ingrowth during healing. These findings are similar to some of the healing properties reported for sutured grafts, as well as other endovascular grafts. ( info)

8/492. Inflammatory foreign-body reaction to an arthroscopic bioabsorbable meniscal arrow repair.

    Various arthroscopic meniscal repair techniques have been developed in recent years to preserve meniscal function. We report the case of a patient with a failed arthroscopic meniscal repair demonstrating an inflammatory foreign-body reaction to bioabsorbable meniscal arrows. ( info)

9/492. The perils and pitfalls of penile injections.

    We describe a 45-year-old man who presented with an indurated penile nodule following self-injection of acyclovir tablets which he had dissolved in hydrogen peroxide solution. This is a hazardous procedure which may be complicated by permanent deformity and functional disability due to the irritant nature of the tablets' constituents and their propensity to cause foreign body reactions in the skin. ( info)

10/492. Abdominal sacral colpopexy resulting in a retained sponge. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: During abdominal sacral colpopexy, a procedure used to correct vaginal vault prolapse, the vaginal cuff must be elevated intraabdominally to facilitate suturing. The use of a vaginal sponge stick to elevate the cuff can result in foreign body complications. CASE: A 70-year-old woman developed chronic pelvic pain and a vaginal discharge after undergoing abdominal sacral colpopexy. Radiographic films showed what appeared to be a retained surgical needle in the vaginal cuff. During an exploratory laparotomy to remove the foreign body, a fragment of the sponge used to elevate the vaginal cuff during abdominal sacral colpopexy was found to have been inadvertently incorporated into the apex of the vagina. CONCLUSION: An end-to-end anastomotic sizer should be used to elevate the vaginal cuff during abdominal sacral colpopexy to reduce the risk of foreign body complications. ( info)
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