Cases reported "Fucosidosis"

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1/23. fucosidosis: immunological studies and chronological neuroradiological changes.

    A 3.5-y-old boy of Arabic origin had the clinical features of both type 1 and type 2 fucosidosis, consistent with an intermediate form of the disease. The activity of his leucocyte alpha L-fucosidase was absent. He presented with recurrent sinopulmonary infection and otitis media in addition to paronychia and a periapical dental abscess. Investigation of his systemic immune function did not reveal a significant underlying defect, but subtle abnormalities, particularly of antibody production and secretory IgA, cannot be excluded. The cranial magnetic resonance images showed periventricular and subcortical white matter abnormalities and mild cortical atrophy in addition to globus pallidus changes. ( info)

2/23. mutation analysis of a Japanese patient with fucosidosis.

    fucosidosis is a rare autosomal recessive disorder resulting from a deficiency of alpha-l-fucosidase. Recently, various mutations have been reported in this disease, but it is difficult to elucidate the phenotype from the genetic mutations. We report a patient with chronic infantile type fucosidosis, with a compound heterozygote of a nonsense mutation (W148X, Trp at codon 148 to stop codon) and a large deletion, including all exons. This is the first report of a large deletion demonstrated in fucosidosis. It is interesting that this patient has a relatively mild clinical course despite the absence of the mRNA. This case also indicates the difficulty in determining the phenotype from the genotype in fucosidosis. ( info)

3/23. A case of chronic infantile type of fucosidosis: clinical and magnetic resonance image findings.

    fucosidosis is a rare autosomal recessive disorder resulting from a deficiency of alpha-l-fucosidase. In this report, we describe clinical and magnetic resonance image (MRI) findings of a chronic infantile type patient heterozygous for a nonsense mutation and a large deletion. The disease onset occurred at 2-3 years of age. She was bound to a wheelchair at 6 years of age, and developed dystonia at the age of 13 years. brain MRI at 13 years of age showed marked cerebral and cerebellar atrophy, high intensities in the white matter of the frontal and occipital lobes, and low intensities of the bilateral thalamus, striatum, substantia nigra, red nucleus and mamillary bodies on T2-weighted images. The low intensities of basal ganglia on T2-weighted images seems characteristic of lesions in fucosidosis. ( info)

4/23. MR brain imaging of fucosidosis type I.

    SUMMARY: fucosidosis is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease with the main clinical findings of progressive neuromotor deterioration, seizures, coarse facial features, dysostosis multiplex, angiokeratoma corporis diffusum, visceromegaly, recurrent respiratory infections, and growth retardation. fucosidosis type I rapidly evolves toward a progressive neurologic deterioration and death. We report MR imaging findings of the brain of three patients with fucosidosis type I, including previously unreported findings, to expand the knowledge of the neuroradiologic spectrum of the disease. ( info)

5/23. Four year follow-up of a case of fucosidosis treated with unrelated donor bone marrow transplantation.

    fucosidosis is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal disorder caused by alpha-fucosidase deficiency. We report a child with fucosidosis, second daughter of non-consanguineous parents, for whom biochemical diagnosis followed clinical evidence of the disease in her older sister. Based on previous experiences, the indication to transplant was considered. Since she lacked a matched sibling, an unrelated marrow donor was found. At pre-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation evaluation, first signs of neurological involvement were clinically detectable. MRI showed diffuse hypomyelination and auditory brainstem responses and somatic-sensorial evoked potentials were altered. Visual evoked potentials were normal, tortuosity in the retinal veins and peripapillary hemorrhages were detected. Bone marrow transplantation conditioning was with a regimen of busulphan, thiotepa and cyclophosphamide; in vivo Campath 1G, cyclosporin A and short course methotrexate were given to prevent graft-versus-host disease. The patient engrafted rapidly and her post-transplant course was complicated by moderate graft-versus-host disease, transient episodes of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, repeated septic complications and recurrent episodes of Sweet's syndrome. Sequential short tandem repeat polymorphisms on peripheral blood and bone marrow cells documented the persistence of donor engraftment. Follow-up showed a progressive rise of enzymatic levels. Psychomotor development improved, as confirmed by evaluation of evoked potentials and by MRI scanning. ( info)

6/23. A novel FUCA1 mutation causing fucosidosis in a Chinese boy.

    We report a 6-year-old boy with an intermediate form of fucosidosis. ( info)

7/23. fucosidosis with hypothyroidism: a case report.

    fucosidosis is a rare, autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by a severe deficiency of alpha-l-fucosidase. Here we present a 27-month-old male who was referred to us for evaluation of developmental delay, which was first detected at age six months. His past medical history was also remarkable for recurrent pulmonary infections and myoclonic seiures. His family history revealed that he was the first living child from a consanguineous marriage. He had a younger sister who died at five months of age from pneumonia who had facial resemblance to the proband, developmental delay and a congenital heart defect. physical examination revealed length: 81 cm (25-50p), weight: 10.2 kg (25-50p), and head circumference: 49 cm (50-75p). He had a coarse face, hepatomegaly and generalized spasticity. His initial laboratory examination revealed negative urine screening column chromatography for mucopolysaccharidosis. His X-ray findings were consistent with mild form of dysostosis multiplex. Based on clinical and laboratory features, fucosidosis was suspected. Fucosidase enzyme activity was zero. In addition to fucosidosis, thyroid function tests indicated primary hypothyroidism. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the fourth case of fucosidosis diagnosed in turkey. ( info)

8/23. fucosidosis with angiokeratoma. Immunohistochemical & electronmicroscopic study of a new case and literature review.

    fucosidosis is a rare lysosomal storage disease due to alpha-l-fucosidase deficiency. It presents clinically with neurological, skeletal, and cutaneous findings, including mainly angiokeratoma corporis diffusum. Electronmicroscopic examination reveals characteristic electron-lucent cytoplasmic vacuolization present in several cell types of the skin and other tissues. We present here a new patient suffering from fucosidosis with angiokeratoma, whose normal and diseased skin was studied by lightmicroscopy and electronmicroscopy. The salient clinicopathological features of this disease are briefly reviewed. ( info)

9/23. Defective expression of alpha-l-fucosidase by lymphoid cells of a fucosidosis patient.

    fucosidosis is an inherited lysosomal storage disease due to a deficiency of alpha-l-fucosidase activity. Exponentially growing lymphoid cell cultures from a fucosidosis patient (JH) had 16-fold lower extracellular alpha-l-fucosidase protein and 72-fold lower intracellular alpha-l-fucosidase protein with negligible catalytic activity as compared with the mean of 19 control cultures. The percentage of total alpha-l-fucosidase protein released extracellularly by JH cells was 71% as compared with 35% /- 9% for control cells. During a 1.5 h pulse with 35S-methionine, alpha-l-fucosidase was synthesized by JH cells as an intracellular doublet with Mr of 58,000 and 56,000 and by control cells as an intracellular form with Mr = 58,000. During a subsequent 21 h chase with unlabeled methionine, JH alpha-l-fucosidase was entirely secreted. In contrast, only 25%-30% of control enzyme was secreted with the remainder retained intracellularly. Thus, JH lymphoid cells synthesized a reduced amount of alpha-l-fucosidase that was catalytically inefficient and was hypersecreted. Treatment of JH alpha-l-fucosidase with N-glycanase produced polypeptide chains with Mr of 52,000 and 54,000. Previously, treatment of control alpha-l-fucosidase with N-glycancase produced a single polypeptide chain with Mr of 52,000 (Biochem Genet 1988; 26: 401-20). The doublet polypeptide chains of alpha-l-fucosidase in JH cultures may represent expression of two distinct allelic forms of mutant alpha-l-fucosidase. ( info)

10/23. Recurrent respiratory infections in a child with fucosidosis: is the mucus too thin for effective transport?

    fucosidosis is caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme alpha-l-fucosidase (ALF) leading to an accumulation of glycoproteins in a variety of cells. Infants and young children with this disorder are prone to recurrent sinus and pulmonary infections and often die of pneumonia. We studied the mucociliary and systemic immune function in a 6 year old girl with fucosidosis and recurrent respiratory infections. All measurements of systemic immune function were normal. sweat chloride was normal when measured on angiokeratotic skin but was greater than 65 mg/L on uninvolved areas. During the placement of tympanic ventilation tubes, tracheal mucus was gently aspirated and a mucosal biopsy was taken. Tracheal mucus transport was not measured. The biopsy material was examined under phase contrast microscopy and revealed ciliated cells with apparently normal beating. TEM of these cells showed a characteristic pattern of vacuoles in the cytoplasm as described in other tissues from patients with fucosidosis. Ciliary ultrastructure was normal. mucus viscoelasticity was measured in a magnetic microrheometer. The loss tangent was 2 SD above the mean for normal mucus and mechanical impedance was about 2 SD below the mean. These changes are similar in direction but double in magnitude to what has been described with methacholine administration in dogs. The high compliance of the mucus may be due to incomplete assembly of mucus glycoprotein or to decreased secretion of glycoproteins in respiratory secretions. This leads to mucus that is abnormally watery and thus difficult to clear from the airway. ( info)
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