Cases reported "gastric dilatation"

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1/65. Prenatal sonographic features of spondylocostal dysostosis and diaphragmatic hernia in the first trimester.

    Spondylocostal dysostosis is a congenital disorder characterized by multiple malformations of the vertebrae and ribs. We describe the sonographic features of an affected fetus at 12 and 14 weeks of gestation. The fetus had thoracic scoliosis, multiple vertebral and rib malformations and a grossly dilated stomach that had herniated into the chest through a left-sided diaphragmatic hernia. The stomach spanned the whole length of the fetal trunk. ( info)

2/65. Novel use of neonatal cuffed tracheal tube to occlude tracheo-oesophageal fistula.

    The use of a cuffed tracheal tube is described to occlude the leak through a tracheo-oesophageal fistula (TOF) in a neonate and prevent gastric dilatation during positive-pressure lung ventilation. ( info)

3/65. Primary anastomosis in esophageal atresia type I without a gap.

    This paper reports the case of an infant born with type I esophageal atresia (EA) associated with duodenal atresia (DA). The critical condition of the patient necessitated an exploratory laparotomy, which revealed severe dilatation of the stomach and duodenum. The routine procedure for repairing type I EA is a delayed primary anastomosis after 10 weeks of age because of the long gap between the two esophageal segments. In our case, due to the concomitant DA, the lower pouch was long enough to allow primary neonatal anastomosis. A radiograph taken with a Hegar dilator in the lower segment via the gastrostomy confirmed this suspicion, and the baby underwent a thoracotomy and primary anastomosis between the esophageal pouches. The authors propose the possibility of primary esophageal anastomosis in similar cases. ( info)

4/65. Sigmoid volvulus in childhood: report of six cases.

    Sigmoid volvulus is a common cause of large-bowel obstruction in elderly individuals, but is quite rare in childhood. We report six cases in patients under 20 years of age. One had Hirschprung's disease. Gangrenous sigmoid colon was found in three cases and resection was performed. Sigmoidopexy (one case) and extraperitonealization (two cases) were performed for viable sigmoid colon. There were no recurrences after 5.7 years of follow-up. ( info)

5/65. Acute gastric dilatation revisited.

    First described by S.E. Duplay in 1833, acute gastric dilatation has since been well documented in the literature. Several theories of the pathogenesis of acute gastric dilatation have been postulated. In 1842, Karl Freiherr von Rokitansky described the superior mesenteric artery syndrome, followed by W. Brinton in 1859 with the atonic theory. C.R. Morris et al. introduced debilitation and anesthesia as predisposing factors. Although rare, gastric necrosis is the most severe consequence of acute gastric dilatation. Vascular insufficiency secondary to increased intragastric pressure is the critical factor. We report an unusual case of acute gastric dilatation with subsequent necrosis of uncertain etiology. ( info)

6/65. Gastrointestinal complications in a patient with eating disorders.

    eating disorders are frequently observed in young people. They can induce major complications involving several organs, either directly or through protein energy malnutrition. Gastrointestinal problems are the most common and somewhat different in restrictive and bulimic anorexia. Delayed gastric emptying prevails in restrictive anorexia, with slower intestinal transit and atrophy of the smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract. In bulimic anorexia, vomiting is the cause of several oesophageal and gastric lesions, from oesophagitis to perforation of the oesophagus or stomach. C.G. is a 16-year old boy who weighs 41.8 kg, is 174 cm tall and has a BMI 13.7 (kg/m2). At 14 he started to suffer from restrictive anorexia, then bulimic anorexia for the last two months. The day before admission, the patient ate a large quantity of "sfoglia-telle" in about 2 hours during a bulimic crisis. After 8 hours, he had spontaneous vomiting, malaise, abdominal tension and slight mental confusion. physical examination showed a tense and tender abdomen with infrequent peristalsis, mental confusion and dehydration. Laboratory evaluation confirmed dehydration (serum albumin 5.7 g/dL); a plain abdomen film showed marked gastrectasia. Instrumental examinations (abdominal CT scan, upper endoscopy) confirmed the diagnosis of gastrectasia with tight pyloric stenosis. ( info)

7/65. Acute gastric dilatation accompanied by diabetes mellitus.

    A 72-year-old man with diabetic triopathy was hospitalized with methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus pneumonia. Six hours after the admission, his abdomen was fully expanded. An abdominal X-ray showed gastric dilatation. After insertion of a gastric tube to extract gastric air, his abdomen was flat and gastric dilatation improved. A positive Schellong test and decreased coefficient of RR interval in electrocardiogram variation indicated autonomic neuropathy, which may explain the reason for gastric hypomotility. Acute gastric dilatation in this patient may have occurred due to gastric hypomotility as a result of diabetic autonomic neuropathy in addition to gastric motility inhibition resulting from gastric autonomic nerve stimulation by bacterial toxin. ( info)

8/65. Acute gastric dilatation complicating the use of mydriatics in a preterm newborn.

    A 2-month-old girl who had been born at 27-weeks' gestation was admitted for her screening examination for retinopathy of prematurity and given two drops each of cyclopentolate 0.5% and phenylephrine 2.5%. Approximately 2 h after completion of the examination, the infant had episodes of apnoea and vomiting. She was noted to be distended, and an abdominal radiograph demonstrated acute gastric dilatation. Apnoea, vomiting and distension resolved after 18 h and a repeat abdominal radiograph demonstrated resolution of the gastric dilatation. ( info)

9/65. A case of effective gastrostomy for severe abdominal distention due to breathing dysfunction of Rett's syndrome: a treatment of autonomic disorder.

    We report a case of 13-year-old-girl with Rett's syndrome and effectiveness of gastrostomy for severe paradoxical respiration, seizures and abdominal distention. Since the age of 3, she was observed to have typical hand-washing movement and autistic behavior. At the age of 8, she began to have hyperventilation and seizures in awake stage. Her symptoms were worse from year to year. At the age of 13, gastrostomy was done to treat severe abdominal distention. Her symptoms were improve dramatically by the gastric air removal through gastrobutton. ( info)

10/65. Gastric rupture caused by acute gastric distention in non-neonatal children: clinical analysis of 3 cases.

    OBJECTIVE: To study gastric rupture, a progressive, rapid and high mortality condition, caused by acute gastric distention (GRAGD) and its appropriate diagnosis and treatment. methods: The etiology, pathology, clinical manifestations and experiences in 3 children with GRAGD were reviewed. RESULTS: Case 1: After diagnosing GRAGD and stabilizing her shock with massive fluid replacement, gastrostomy was performed. Her postoperative course was uneventful because of fasting, suction, fluid infusion, correction of acidosis and supporting nutrition. Case 2: After diagnosing gastric distention which subsided with conservative therapy for 9 days, she suddenly had gastric rupture when she had not eaten for 6 days. She died of shock and had no chance for surgery. Case 3: The patient had sudden abdominal pain, distention and vomiting with severe shock for 4 days. Emergency surgery found gastric rupture and the method was the same as Case 1. The patient survived but has brain impairment. Case 1 and 3 showed multifocal transmural necrosis. CONCLUSIONS: Symptoms like overeating, bulimia, changes in kind of food, X-ray showing large distended stomach and massive pneumoperitoneum were seen after gastric rupture and can help to diagnose this condition. Clinical course of gastric distention with toxic shock progresses rapidly, however subsequent gastric rupture exacerbates the shock and makes the treatment difficult treatment. It is extremely important that a laparotomy be performed at once after stabilizing shock with massive fluid replacement. Postoperative nutritional support and fluid replacement will increase survival. It is very important that when gastric distention disappears after conservative therapy, the doctor should assess carefully whether the gastric wall recovery is under way by using effective methods of examination. ( info)
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