Cases reported "Gastroenteritis"

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1/407. Latent coeliac disease. Personal experience.

    Latent coeliac disease (L.C.D.) is an extremely rare condition to describe. In this study we analyzed three cases of patients affected by L.C.D.: two of them suffered from insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and the other one from infantile cerebral palsy and eosinophilic gastroenteritis. We confirm the existence of this form of coeliac disease (C.D.), by means of duodenal biopsy, and stress the importance of an early diagnosis in order to prevent the serious consequences caused by untreated C.D. ( info)

2/407. Ultrasound guided percutaneous fine-needle biopsy in a case of eosinophilic gastroenteritis.

    Eosinophilic gastroenteritis is a rare disease; clinical features depend on which intestinal layer is involved. In our report a 70-year-old woman presented with intestinal subocclusion and ascites. Endoscopic biopsies of gastric mucosa were negative. Ultrasound guided percutaneous fine-needle biopsy showed muscle infiltration by eosinophils of muscle layer of the stomach and jejunum. Muscular and serosal disease are usually diagnosed only by laparotomy or laparoscopy. ( info)

3/407. vibrio parahaemolyticus gastroenteritis associated with international travel.

    food-borne gastroenteritis due to vibrio parahaemolyticus is becoming of increasing world importance. This paper describes the clinical presentations and laboratory investigations of four cases of gastroenteritis due to V. parahaemolyticus among passengers returning to australia on international aircraft from South-East asia. ( info)

4/407. Acute gastroenteritis in children.

    BACKGROUND: Acute gastroenteritis is a common childhood illness. Most cases are caused by rotavirus infection. OBJECTIVE: This article discusses the classic presentation of gastroenteritis in children, which includes a short history of vomiting followed by diarrhoea. DISCUSSION: dehydration is the main problem in children with gastroenteritis, and severe dehydration is a medical emergency. Mild to moderately dehydrated children can be safely treated at home with oral rehydration therapy, however parents require careful explanation of the disease, its course and potential complications. Early reintroduction of usual foods (breast milk, formula or solids) has been shown to shorten the illness. Babies may need to be reviewed within 8 hours and older children within a day. ( info)

5/407. Intracranial haemorrhage due to vitamin k deficiency following gastroenteritis in an infant.

    Breastfed infants who are not given supplemental vitamin K after birth may develop vitamin k deficiency following gastroenteritis. Severe intracranial haemorrhage may occur. ( info)

6/407. Imerslund-Grasbeck syndrome in an African patient.

    Imerslund-Grasbeck syndrome (IGS) is a rare cause of megaloblastic anaemia in young children. We wish to report the first case described from africa. The diagnosis of IGS was made on the findings of a low vitamin B12 level, mild proteinuria, and a vitamin B12 absorption test unaffected by the intrinsic factor. The patient responded well to treatment with intramuscular vitamin B12. ( info)

7/407. Human infections caused by V. parahaemolyticus in czechoslovakia.

    vibrio parahaemolyticus was isolated in two subjects with acute gastroenteritis. The patients' history included stay in pakistan or india. They probably contracted the infection on board an aeroplane where they ingested cold meal containing sea products. The possibility of this conditioned pathogen occurring also in an inland country is pointed out. ( info)

8/407. Acute abdominal pain and eosinophilia, two cases of eosinophilic gastroenteritis.

    Two patients are presented who were admitted with acute abdominal pain for which they underwent laparotomy. No clear-cut diagnosis could be established during operation. Eventually, eosinophilic gastroenteritis was diagnosed and treated with corticosteroids. The heterogeneous presentation of eosinophilic gastroenteritis is discussed, ranging from mild non-specific gastrointestinal symptoms to an acute abdominal emergency prompting surgical intervention. The pathogenesis and treatment of eosinophilic gastroenteritis are discussed. ( info)

9/407. Eosinophilic pneumonia with eosinophilic gastroenteritis.

    A 48-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with cough, fever and dysphagia. He had a past history of bronchial asthma and surgery for nasal polyp. Chest radiograph and computed tomography showed atelectasis in the right lower field and infiltrative shadow in the left lower field and overall thickening of the esophageal wall. Transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) specimens revealed infiltration of eosinophils and lymphocytes under the bronchial mucosa. gastrointestinal tract biopsy specimens showed submucosal infiltration of eosinophils. These findings led to a definite diagnosis of eosinophilic pneumonia associated with eosinophilic gastroenteritis, a disease which has been rarely reported. ( info)

10/407. aeromonas sobria infection with severe soft tissue damage and segmental necrotizing gastroenteritis in a patient with alcoholic liver cirrhosis.

    A 49-year-old man, who had a 3-year history of liver dysfunction but had not been treated, was admitted to the hospital with a sudden onset of fever and generalized muscle pain. He subsequently developed generalized purpura with scattered hemorrhagic bullae of the skin and massive bloody stools. aeromonas sobria was proven by culture of both blood and bullous fluid. In spite of the extensive treatment with antibiotics and other medications in the intensive care unit (ICU), the patient went into septic shock and died 2 days after admission. Pathological examination on autopsy revealed segmental necrotizing gastroenteritis with bacterial colonies and alcoholic liver cirrhosis, in addition to extensive severe soft tissue damage involving cellulitis and rhabdomyolysis and epidermolysis. Although the prognosis for vibrio vulnificus infection with severe soft tissue damage in patients with liver cirrhosis, malignancy, diabetes mellitus or other pre-existing diseases is poor, the unfavorable progression of aeromonas species, especially A. sobria infection is rare. This is thought to be the first report of an autopsied case. ( info)
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