Cases reported "Gingival Hyperplasia"

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11/198. gingival hyperplasia complicating acute myelomonocytic leukemia.

    Many systemic illnesses manifest clinical signs in the oral cavity. A remarkable case of gingival hyperplasia heralding the presence of acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AML FAB-M4) is described. The oral manifestations of acute leukemia are reviewed. ( info)

12/198. cyclosporine A-induced gingival hyperplasia pemphigus vulgaris: literature review and report of a case.

    gingival hyperplasia appears in 8% to 85% of patients treated with cyclosporine. Most studies show an association between oral hygiene status and the prevalence and severity of this gingival overgrowth. Thus, besides attempting to substitute this drug with another whenever possible, treatment usually involves maintenance of strict oral hygiene coupled with scaling and root planing and removal of iatrogenic factors. Sometimes a second treatment phase involving periodontal surgery is necessary. cyclosporine-induced gingival overgrowth has been mainly described in post-organ transplant patients. The present case describes, for the first time, a severe form of cyclosporine-induced gingival overgrowth arising in a 15 year-old male with pemphigus vulgaris. Periodontal treatment included oral hygiene and scaling and root planing under local anesthesia. There was a significant reduction in gingival enlargement, as well as a reduction in plaque levels and inflammation. Cessation of drug administration, combined with continuous periodontal treatment, brought further improvement. This successful conservative treatment of cyclosporine-induced gingival overgrowth in a pemphigus vulgaris patient suggests that early diagnosis and comprehensive treatment of these lesions may yield good response and reduce the need for periodontal surgery. ( info)

13/198. Three cases of palatal polyps in infants.

    Fibrous lesions are common in the oral cavity, however, in infants they are rarely reported. We present three cases of palatal polyps in infants aged 2 days, 3 months and 7 months. In two cases, the treatment was surgical removal and in one case the polyp decreased in size and surgical removal was not required. In two infants, the diagnosis was confirmed histologically as fibroepithelial hyperplasia. ( info)

14/198. Diffuse but unilateral gingival enlargement associated with von Recklinghausen neurofibromatosis: a case report.

    BACKGROUND: An 8-year old girl was referred for diagnosis and treatment to the Department of Periodontology Oral Surgery of the University Hospital of Liege with an unusual clinical situation: a major, non-inflammatory, diffuse but unilateral enlargement of the interproximal, marginal and attached gingiva around all teeth of the right side of both the upper maxilla and mandible, whereas the alveolar process of the left side of upper and lower arches appeared strictly normal. METHOD: The clinical examination showed delayed eruption of some permanent teeth in the 1st and 4th quadrants. Except for its asymmetric occurrence, this gingival enlargement strongly resembled phenytoin-induced enlargement or gingival fibromatosis. This unilateral expression was evocative of a vascular or neurologic pathology. Several large "cafe-au-lait" spots were found disseminated on the body. Several selective surgical removals of thick gingival caps impairing the eruption of some permanent teeth were performed, and the removed tissues were histologically analyzed. RESULTS: Because of the presence of the large "cafe-au-lait" spots, a clinical diagnosis of Von Recklinghausen's disease was given and later confirmed several times by the histological analysis of the gingival biopsies. Now, 6 years later, this gingival enlargement due to the development of intra-gingival neurofibromas is stable and all permanent teeth have had a normal eruption, but alveolar bone growth has been partly impaired by the presence of the tumor. CONCLUSIONS: The present case of unilateral diffuse hyperplasia is a unique clinical expression of neurofibromatosis type I, a slowly evolving neurodermic dysplasia. ( info)

15/198. lead poisoning. A comprehensive review and report of a case.

    Lead, a ubiquitous heavy metal which has realized increased use, can cause poisoning by environmental contamination in either its organic or its inorganic form. lead poisoning can be either acute or chronic, with the latter being the more common. The clinical signs and symptoms of lead poisoning are nonspecific, resulting in a difficult diagnostic problem, especially when it is not industrially related. On occasions, the dentist or oral surgeon may be the first to see an afflicted patient because of oral manifestations. ( info)

16/198. gingival overgrowth as the initial paraneoplastic manifestation of Hodgkin's lymphoma in a child. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to present the first case of gingival overgrowth, premature root resorption, and alveolar bone loss, which preceded the diagnosis of a stage IVB Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) in a 9-year-old boy. methods: The child presented complaining of gingival pain which first appeared 3 months prior. Clinical examination revealed inflamed, hyperplastic gingivae, while x-ray showed premature root resorption and alveolar bone loss. Medical work-up was significant for cervical lymphadenopathy. Gingival biopsy, followed by lymph node resection, was performed twice. RESULTS: Histological examination of both gingival biopsies disclosed a mixed inflammatory infiltrate, while classical Hodgkin's lymphoma of the nodular sclerosis type was diagnosed from the second lymph node biopsy. Chemotherapy was instituted with mustard-vincristine-procarbazine-prednizone and adriamycine-bleomycine-vinblastine-dacarbazine. Remission of the lymphoma was observed with concomitant regression of the gingival overgrowth. CONCLUSIONS: The inflammatory gingival overgrowth, premature root resorption of deciduous teeth, and alveolar bone loss in this case, in conjunction with the regression of gingival overgrowth which followed the completion of chemotherapy, are strongly indicative of a paraneoplastic manifestation of HL. The postulated mechanism for the development of the manifestation is the constitutive activation of the transcription factor NF-kB. The gingival inflammatory reaction was probably further aggravated by the bacterial-stimulated cytokine secretion released by monocytes. ( info)

17/198. Oral midazolam for adults with learning disabilities.

    This paper demonstrates how oral midazolam can be employed as an alternative method of behaviour management to general anaesthesia for the dental treatment of people with learning disabilities. A range of treatments, from scaling to root canal therapy, can be carried out successfully using the sedation technique outlined. The advantages of sedation include reduced morbidity and mortality. Treatment outcomes are also likely to be improved as root canal therapy and periodontal care can be carried out over a number of visits rather than a single treatment session under general anaesthesia. Oral sedation with midazolam should improve the scope of dental treatment available to patients with disabilities. ( info)

18/198. Hereditary gingival fibromatosis: report of three cases.

    Three cases of generalized and severe HGF in young patients of the same family without other features are reported. The purpose of this article is to present documented cases and discuss the identification, treatment, and control of the disease. The histopathological characteristics of HGF are emphasized. ( info)

19/198. Non-specific inflammatory gingival enlargement--a case report.

    An unusual case of unilateral idiopathic gingival hyperplasia in a 6 year old child is reported and its management discussed. ( info)

20/198. Oral manifestation of sporotrichosis in AIDS patients.

    A wide spectrum of oral lesions has been associated with human immunodeficiency viral infection (hiv), or AIDS. This report describes the case of an hiv-infected patient who developed a case of disseminated sporotrichosis whose first clinical sign was the presence of orofacial lesions. A histopathological study of this patient's biopsy specimens taken from the oropharyngeal lesions revealed a number of rounded and/or oval free-spore forms of sporothrix schenkii, the identification of which was corroborated by culturing skin lesion exudate on Sabouraud's glucose agar. To the best of our knowledge to date, this is the first time a case of the oral manifestation of sporotrichosis in association with hiv infection has been described in the dental literature. ( info)
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