Cases reported "Gynecomastia"

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1/280. gynecomastia with risperidone-fluoxetine combination.

    gynecomastia (breast enlargement) is a side effect of neuroleptic antipsychotic drugs, related to prolactin elevation caused by dopamine D2 receptor blockade (Richelson, 1996). The atypical antipsychotic risperidone is less likely to cause gynecomastia at low doses (Casey, 1996). It can cause a dose-dependent increase in serum prolactin concentration (Peuskens, 1995), by blocking dopamine D2 receptors (Richelson, 1996). I would like to describe a patient who did not have gynecomastia with risperidone at a dose of 3 mg/day, but had it when risperidone, at a dose of 0.5 mg/day, was combined with fluoxetine. A medline search failed to find any reports about such an interaction. ( info)

2/280. The pinwheel technique: an adjunct to the periareolar approach in gynecomastia resection.

    The most common surgical approach to gynecomastia is through Webster's intra-areolar incision. The authors have modified the excisional phase of the operation to facilitate the delivery of a large mass of breast tissue through a relatively small incision. The essential features of this procedure are (1) delineation of the perimeter of the breast on the pectoral fascia; (2) elevation of the anterior chest wall skin and subcutaneous tissues over the entire breast mass; (3) serial application of Kocher clamps at the perimeter of the breast and, with gentle traction, sequential lysis of the peripheral and posterior attachments of the breast mass; and (4) delivery of the the mass simultaneously through the periareolar incision, as the dissection proceeds, until the entire specimen is exteriorized. The specimen then consists of the entire breast mass encircled by a pinwheel-like arrangement of Kocher clamps. Thirty-one patients (61 gynecomastic breasts) were operated using this method. En bloc tissue specimens weighing as much as 285 g were removed without the need for dividing the specimen or extending the single incision. The authors recommend this technique, which is straightforward and efficacious with minimal blood loss and good postoperative cosmesis. ( info)

3/280. Waxing and waning gynecomastia: an indication of noncompliant use of prescribed medication.

    We present two cases of recurrent gynecomastia in men enrolled in a placebo-controlled trial evaluating the efficacy of finasteride in treating benign prostatic hyperplasia. When the pharmacologic records were examined, it was apparent that the breast tissue hyperplasia diminished when the patients become noncompliant with their study medication and then resumed therapy. Because of the difficulty in obtaining accurate data on an individual's ability to maintain a consistent pharmacologic regimen, we believe that observing such "waxing and waning gynecomastia" may provide the physician with a clue regarding a patient's actual compliance with certain medications. ( info)

4/280. A case of large cell calcifying sertoli cell tumor in a child with a history of nasal myxoid tumor in infancy.

    A case of an 8-year-old Japanese boy with a testicular large cell calcifying sertoli cell tumor (LCCSCT) is presented. This report appears to be the first Japanese case of LCCSCT. The patient presented with left testicular swelling and gynecomastia. His family history was not contributory; however, his past history was remarkable for a benign myxoid tumor in the nasal cavity, which was removed at the age of 2 months. After removal of the testicular tumor, the gynecomastia disappeared gradually and no recurrence or metastasis developed during a 15 month follow-up period. Although the tumor was initially interpreted as a leydig cell tumor, a review of the slides after the patient's past history of nasal myxoid tumor was revealed led us to the diagnosis of LCCSCT. An accurate diagnosis of LCCSCT is crucial because this tumor is occasionally associated with carney complex, which can comprise various pathological conditions, including cardiac myxoma, that may be life-threatening. myxoma of carney complex has been described to occur in the heart, skin, oral cavity and breast in a wide age range, but there have been no reports referring to nasal myxoid tumor associated with carney complex. ( info)

5/280. The role of lipoaspiration in defeminization of klinefelter syndrome: a case report.

    klinefelter syndrome is the most frequent sex chromosome anomaly. Affected men characteristically present a tall stature, eunuchoid contours with feminine fat distribution, gynecomastia, hypogonadism, infertility, and behavioral and psychiatric disorders. diagnosis is confirmed by karyotype, which demonstrates an extra x chromosome. Treatment is mainly directed toward appropriate defeminization. Current treatment consists of testosterone replacement therapy and surgical correction of gynecomastia. ( info)

6/280. Giant retroperitoneal hemangiopericytoma with paraneoplastic gynecomastia. Case report and literature review.

    We report on a 38-year-old patient with a giant retroperitoneal hemangiopericytoma associated with bilateral paraneoplastic gynecomastia, which led to an almost uncontrollable hemorrhage on initial surgery due to the extreme hypervascularity of the process. After angiographic evaluation and superselective embolization, a complete surgical excision of a hemangiopericytoma weighing almost 1,000 g could be achieved. To reduce the risk of recurrence adjuvant radiotherapy with 49 Gy followed. Follow-up of 24 months showed no sign of recurrence on CT scans. To our knowledge this is the first reported case of hemangiopericytoma associated with a paraneoplastic syndrome. The literature and the therapeutic concepts are presented and discussed. ( info)

7/280. Clonal karyotypic abnormalities in gynecomastia.

    gynecomastia is a benign condition that frequently occurs in the male breast gland; however, the cytogenetic data on this entity are very limited. To our knowledge, three cases have been reported in the literature, and the only one with an abnormal karyotype had a concomitant breast carcinoma. In this study we report clonal chromosomal alterations in a gynecomastia sample without any signs of adjacent malignant tissue. The nonrandom abnormalities observed were a deletion of 12p, monosomies of chromosomes 9, 17, 19, and 20, and the presence of a marker chromosome. Most of these alterations have been previously described in the literature in other breast lesions, including benign and malignant (male and female) tumors, indicating their recurrence and nonrandomness in abnormal processes of the mammary gland. ( info)

8/280. Autosomal dominant familial spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy with gynecomastia.

    The proband, a 53-year-old man, developed progressive spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy and gynecomastia at the age of 50. His father had weakness of lower limbs, and his son had a nasal voice, ocular movement abnormalities, and gynecomastia, whereas two of the proband's brothers showed either gynecomastia or tongue fasciculations. None of the patients showed any expansion of CAG repeat in the androgen receptor gene or any hormonal abnormality. Thus, this family is affected by a form of autosomal dominant spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy with gynecomastia. ( info)

9/280. Acute myeloid leukemia relapsing as gynecomastia.

    Granulocytic sarcoma (GS) is an increasingly common relapse feature of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), late in the disease course or post bone marrow transplantation (BMT). Any solid organ can be affected, and there have been a number of reports of GS in breast tissue in female patients. We present a unique case of GS in a male AML patient, presenting as painless gynecomastia immediately before BMT at advanced disease. Aberrant expression of CD56 was found in the relapsed GS tissue but not in the original AML clone. Twelve months after allogeneic BMT, leukemia relapsed again in the same breast, with normal marrow morphology and full donor chimerism. The lesion failed to respond to donor lymphocyte infusion, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, and disseminated to other subcutaneous tissues. ( info)

10/280. Focal myopathy induced by chronic heroin injection is reversible.

    We report a patient who developed a focal myopathy with prominent contractures of his thigh muscles induced by chronic heroin injection. Muscle biopsy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were indicative of a fibrotic and inflammatory process. Treatment with steroids, D-penicillamine, and physical therapy led to full functional recovery within 6 months. Sequential electromyographic (EMG) studies and muscle biopsies showed evidence of regenerating muscle fibers and absence of inflammatory cells. We conclude that heroin-induced focal myopathy is reversible and that combination therapy with D-penicillamine and steroids may be useful. ( info)
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