Cases reported "hallux valgus"

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11/81. A new consideration in athletic injuries. The classical ballet dancer.

    The professional ballet dancer presents all of the problems of any vigorous athlete. The problems include osteochondral fractures, fatigue fractures, sprains, chronic ligamentous instability of the knee, meniscal tears, impingement syndrome, degenerative arthritis of multiple joints and low back pain. attention to minor problems with sound conservative therapy can avoid many major developments and lost hours. Observations included the extraordinary external rotation of at the hip without demonstrable alteration in the hip version angle and hypertrophy of the femur, tibia and particularly the second metatarsal (in female dancers). Careful evaluation of the range of motion of the extremities, serial roentgenographic examination, and systematic review of previous injuries, training programs and rehearsal techniques have been evaluated in a series of cases to provide the basis for advice to directors and teachers of the ballet. ( info)

12/81. granuloma formation after chevron osteotomy fixation with absorbable copolymer pin: a case report.

    After fixation of a chevron osteotomy for hallux valgus of the left foot with a bioabsorbable copolymer, a delayed onset of pain at the surgical site developed. magnetic resonance imaging showed a cystic lesion that was unresponsive to conservative treatment. Surgical excision determined the lesion to be a giant-cell granuloma formed as a foreign body response to the degrading copolymer. ( info)

13/81. Phalangeal periosteal (juxtacortical)chondroma of the foot.

    The author discusses a benign cartilaginous tumor involving the tubular bones, more frequently in the hand than the foot. Its rare occurrence in the second toe of an adult male is illustrated. Pain and swelling required excisional biopsy, whose diagnosis was aided by radiographic findings of calcification and cortical erosion. ( info)

14/81. Rotational scarf (Z) osteotomy bunionectomy for correction of high intermetatarsal angles.

    A modification of the scarf osteotomy bunionectomy is described. The modification involves a change in the movement of the osseous fragments from lateral transposition to lateral rotation of the metatarsal head fragment around a stationary axis at the metatarsal base. rotation of the distal fragment in this manner allows greater than 50% transposition and, therefore, higher intermetatarsal angle corrections can be obtained as compared to a transpositional scarf osteotomy. The configuration of the scarf osteotomy is more stable to the stress of weightbearing than the closing base wedge osteotomy, and this modification can provide a useful alternative to closing base wedge osteotomy for the correction of severe hallux valgus deformity. ( info)

15/81. An unusual case of painful phantom-limb sensations during regional anesthesia.

    OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to describe a late-onset phantom-limb pain during a continuous analgesic popliteal nerve block after foot surgery and its alleviation and recurrence when stopping and resuming the local anesthetic infusion. CASE REPORT: A 29-year-old woman undergoing a left hallux valgus repair received a continuous popliteal sciatic nerve block for postoperative analgesia. Postoperatively, 6 hours after the commencement of a ropivacaine 0.2% infusion, she reported feelings of tingling, clenching pain, and missing-limb sensation below the ankle. The surgical site remained painless. sensation elicited by touch and propioception were normally perceived. Only sensations for pinprick and heat were impaired. The ropivacaine infusion was stopped, followed 2.5 hours later by the complete regression of any abnormal sensation. Meanwhile, pain at the surgical site was scored at 50 mm on a 100-mm visual analogic scale. As the infusion of ropivacaine was resumed, the abnormal sensations reappeared. The catheter was removed, and abnormal sensations again disappeared. The patient was discharged from hospital without further complications. CONCLUSIONS: This observation suggests that phantom-limb pain can be of late-onset and might occur during a continuous infusion of low-concentration local anesthetic responsible only for an analgesic block, as shown by the fact that only thermal and pinprick sensations, known to depend on Adelta-fibers and C-fibers, were altered. Therefore, this case contradicts the usual belief that a profound block is necessary to elicit phantom-limb pain. ( info)

16/81. Acrogeria (Gottron type): a vascular disorder?

    We report a 27-year-old Japanese man with the peculiar clinical features of acrogeria. He had had perniosis since early childhood. Prominent atrophic skin changes over the hands, hallux valgus, shortened distal phalanges and atrophic scars on his auricles were noted. X-ray of the hands revealed acro-osteolytic changes of the distal phalanges, and arteriography demonstrated multiple occluded branches of the digital arteries. There were no histological changes of systemic sclerosis in his forearm skin, nor antinuclear antibodies or coagulation disorders. Western immunoblotting demonstrated decreased production of type III collagen by dermal fibroblasts both from an affected finger and from the unaffected upper arm. Although the pathogenesis of acrogeria is unknown, the present case suggests that peripheral circulatory disturbance, as well as a congenital abnormality in type III collagen synthesis, may partly account for the pathogenesis of Gottron-type acrogeria. ( info)

17/81. Pseudoaneurysm after modified Lapidus arthrodesis: a case report.

    Pseudoaneurysms are a pulsatile swelling secondary to an arterial-wall defect. blood flows through the defect but is contained within the surrounding soft tissue. This article describes a rare form of an iatrogenic pseudoaneurysm of the perforating deep plantar artery 1 month after a modified Lapidus arthrodesis for hallux valgus. A presumptive diagnosis of pseudoaneurysm was confirmed by Doppler ultrasonography. The patient was treated with ligation of the artery and resection of the pseudoaneurysm and remained free of symptoms 1 year postoperatively. ( info)

18/81. Turf toe: ligamentous injury of the first metatarsophalangeal joint.

    Injuries to the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint of the great toe have increased in incidence over the past thirty years following the introduction of artificial playing surfaces and the accompanying use of lighter footwear. Although most common in American football players, similar injuries can also occur in other sporting activities including soccer and dance, or following trauma to the great toe. The mechanism of injury is typically hyperextension of the MTP joint, but injuries have also been reported secondary to valgus or varus stress, or rarely as a result of hyperflexion injury. The abnormal forces applied to the first MTP joint at the time of injury, result in varying degrees of sprain or disruption of the supporting soft tissue structures, leading to the injury commonly referred to as turf toe. The extent of soft tissue disruption is influential in treatment planning and can be used to determine the prognosis for recovery. This report will review the anatomy of the first MTP join, followed by a discussion of the mechanism of injury and the typical clinical presentation of an individual with turf toe. Finally, the role of imaging including radiography and magnetic resonance imaging, and standard treatment options for turf toe will be discussed. ( info)

19/81. Postoperative immobilisation orthosis for surgically corrected hallux valgus.

    A postoperative immobilisation orthosis was developed at the School of Physical Therapy and rehabilitation, Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, and applied from the first postoperative day as an alternative device for ambulation of patients who have undergone hallux valgus surgery while maintaining the corrected position. The orthosis is constructed with polyethylene thermoplastic sheet of 3mm thickness and Velcro. During the ambulation period, there was no complication or complaint due to its application and the position of the great toe was maintained. The time of the orthotic application was six weeks. The orthosis has allowed patients to walk with full weight bearing from the postoperative first day without any complication or recurrence. ( info)

20/81. Mental retardation in a boy with anterior cervical hypertrichosis.

    Anterior cervical hypertrichosis (ACH) is a rare form of localized hypertrichosis with 15 previously reported cases. ACH has been considered to be a dominant phenotype, either X-linked or autosomal [OMIM 600457]. ACH was associated with hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy (HMSN) in one family, in which the proband also exhibited severe chorioretinal degeneration and optic atrophy, probably as a different entity [OMIM 239840]. A Mexican boy with congenital ACH associated with moderate mental retardation, abnormal EEG, mild microcephaly, hypertrichosis on the back, and hallux valgus is presented here. An equal sex ratio found in 16 reported cases as well as the suggestion of a paternal age effect in one report appear most consistent with an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance for this trait. It remains unclear if isolated ACH, ACH-HMSN, or other associated findings reported in patients with ACH, including unusual features found in our case, are part of ACH or fortuitous associations, due to the small number of affected patients and different ascertainment biases present in previous reports. ( info)
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