Cases reported "Hellp Syndrome"

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1/152. Liver rupture postpartum associated with preeclampsia and hellp syndrome.

    Liver rupture is a rare perinatal complication with high maternal mortality. In a multiparous woman with preeclampsia and hemolysis, Elevated Liver enzymes, and Low platelet count (HELLP) syndrome, liver rupture was suspected 10 h after a cesarean section. laparotomy revealed liver rupture which was treated by perihepatic packing. Eventually, the mother was discharged with her baby 88 days after admission. Clinical symptoms, maternal hemodynamics by Swan-Ganz monitoring, and laboratory findings were not predictive until the emergency situation and the consecutive complications required multidisciplinary management. ( info)

2/152. pre-eclampsia and the hellp syndrome still cause maternal mortality in The netherlands and other developed countries; can we reduce it?

    maternal mortality in developed countries does not seem to have decreased during the past decade, despite good prenatal care. Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are the main cause of maternal mortality in most countries. In more than half of these cases, the hellp syndrome is involved. In this article attention is drawn again to the life-threatening complications that might occur in cases of pre- eclampsia and the hellp syndrome. Two case histories with fatal outcomes are described to provide extra emphasis. The literature indicates that some cases of maternal mortality might be avoidable. From a review of the literature, suggestions and recommendations are made about how to achieve a decrease in maternal mortality from pre-eclampsia/the hellp syndrome. The most important are the making of an early, correct diagnosis, anticipating the possibilities of serious complications, and, if necessary, early referral to a regional centre with special expertise. ( info)

3/152. dexamethasone-facilitated postponement of delivery of an extremely preterm pregnancy complicated by the syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets.

    OBJECTIVE: patients with severe preeclampsia and the syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets (hellp syndrome) are at increased risk for perinatal and maternal morbidity, especially in very preterm gestations. When this condition affects a pregnancy on the cusp of viability, a therapeutic intervention to prolong gestation without undue risk to the mother or fetus could be beneficial. METHOD: A single case report and review of the literature. Result: We report a patient with hellp syndrome in whom antenatal administration of high-dose dexamethasone helped achieve disease stabilization and delivery postponement for 9 days of a very preterm fetus estimated to weight less than 600 g. Both mother and infant did well postpartum. CONCLUSION: Administration of antenatal high-dose dexamethasone can be used in carefully selected preterm patients with hellp syndrome to delay delivery while in utero fetal maturation is accelerated and the maternal condition is optimized. This can be beneficial in carefully selected pregnancies without apparent adverse maternal or perinatal impact. ( info)

4/152. Acute pancreatitis and deep vein thrombosis associated with hellp syndrome.

    The hellp syndrome (HS) belongs to the list of obstetric complications believed to be associated with coagulation disorders. It was formerly thought that chronic intravascular clotting (DIC) in the placental vessels was the main cause. A hypercoagulable state has been reported in cases of severe HS associated with microvascular abnormalities that may involve cerebral, placental, hepatic and renal vessels. A case of acute pancreatitis and DVT of inferior cava in a pregnant woman, presenting with HS at 29 weeks, who was found to have a R506Q mutation, is reported. Preeclampsia-associated pancreatitis and DVT have rarely been reported. It is hypothesized that APC-R and factor v Leiden mutation may prove to be new and more important markers capable of predicting a more significant maternal morbidity associated with HS. thrombosis prophylaxis may be considered during pregnancy in order to reduce hazardous multiorgan failure (MOF) in women who are heterozygous for factor v Leiden mutation. ( info)

5/152. Spontaneous intrahepatic hemorrhage and hepatic rupture in the hellp syndrome: four cases and a review.

    Subcapsular hemorrhage and hepatic rupture are unusual catastrophic complications of the HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets) syndrome. A high index of suspicion and prompt recognition are keys to proper diagnosis and management of affected patients. The optimal management of these patients is evolving. An aggressive multidisciplinary approach has considerably improved the morbidity and mortality associated with these complications. We present our experience with four cases of hepatic hemorrhage occurring in association with the hellp syndrome and review the literature on this subject. All of our patients were multiparous, and three had a history of eclampsia/preeclampsia in a previous pregnancy. All four patients developed intrahepatic hemorrhage; two developed hepatic rupture requiring surgical intervention. Three patients developed disseminated intravascular coagulation and acute renal failure. Two patients developed pericardial effusion, pleural effusions, and ascites. One patient died of septic complications after multiple surgical interventions. ( info)

6/152. hellp syndrome with antepartum pulmonary edema--a case report.

    A 44-year-old pregnant female with a gestation of 29 weeks suddenly developed abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and laboratory study showed anemia, elevated liver enzymes, and lower platelets. hellp syndrome was diagnosed and urgent delivery was needed. In order to correct the plasma volume and platelet deficiency, 6 units of both fresh frozen plasma and platelets, were given before operation. However, acute pulmonary edema was noted in the antepartum period. After vigorous treatment, she gave birth to a male infant. The postoperative course was smooth and she and her baby were discharged eleven days later. This case reminded us once again of the importance and necessity of invasive monitoring in fluid management of these patients. ( info)

7/152. Acute onset of blindness during labor: report of a case of transient cortical blindness in association with hellp syndrome.

    The coincidence of hellp syndrome and cortical blindness is an uncommon but very dramatic event, for the patient as well as the obstetrician. This report describes the first case of HELLP-syndrome-associated cortical blindness occuring suddenly in the third stage of labour. There were only modest correlates of cortical blindness in cerebral CT, MRI and angiography findings, but no signs of a posterior leucoencephalopathy syndrome. Mother and baby were discharged from hospital to outpatient care in good health on the 12th day. ( info)

8/152. Persistant pre-eclampsia post partum with elevated liver enzymes and hemolytic uremic syndrome.

    The spectrum of complications with pre-eclampsia, which may include AFLP (acute fatty liver of pregnancy) as well as the hellp syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets), is resolved by early delivery. However, the ravages of HUS/TTP (hemolytic uremic syndrome/thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura) require therapy usually by plasma exchange. Overlap between these two groups of syndromes has occurred on rare occasions and usually requires the therapy of the predominant or more dangerous or threatening form. Such overlap can be appreciated and then treated successfully without residual morbidity. The index case is presented and an extensive review of the two groups of syndromes is provided. ( info)

9/152. Intensive-care management of a patient with hellp syndrome--case report.

    hellp syndrome belongs to the group of pathological states known as pregnancy-induced hypertension or EPH gestosis. The basic criteria for establishing the diagnosis are as follows: H for hemolysis, EL for elevated liver enzymes and LP for low platelets. A pregnant woman, 38 years of age, multipara (V pregnancy, third delivery) has been admitted to the Clinic of gynecology and obstetrics in Novi Sad in 36-37 week gestation complaining of nausea, vomiting, epigastric pain, general weakness, exhaustion as well as symptom of previously diagnosed preeclampsia. Due to signs of fetal distress, the patient has undergone urgent cesarean section, giving birth to a female premature newborn infant. Twenty-four hours after delivery all symptoms and signs hellp syndrome manifested. Being in a critical state, the patient has been transferred to the Institute of Surgery, Clinic of anesthesiology and intensive care with signs of multiple organ failure. With this case report of a patient with hellp syndrome, we wished to point to importance of continual intensive clinical follow-up, laboratory monitoring and corresponding therapeutic procedures, and at the same time to this relatively rare syndrome. ( info)

10/152. Hepatic infarction in preeclampsia as part of the hellp syndrome: CT appearance.

    We describe the computed tomographic (CT) findings of hepatic infarctions in two preeclamptic pregnant women. These infarcts were part of the hellp syndrome (hemolysis, elevated liver function tests, and low platelets count). In both cases, CT disclosed features characteristic of multiple nonenhancing, low-attenuation, peripheral lesions with vessels coursing through and a mottled appearance. The recognition of such CT findings in liver disease associated with preeclampsia can establish the correct diagnosis. ( info)
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