Cases reported "hemangiosarcoma"

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11/1108. gliosarcoma with angiosarcomatous features: a case report.

    A surgical case of gliosarcoma in which the mesenchymal component showed angiosarcomatous features is reported. The neoplasm was extirpated from the right cerebral hemisphere of a 76-year-old man who presented with left hemiparesis and headache, and it was composed of both anaplastic astrocytomatous and sarcomatous elements. The sarcomatous element was composed of a proliferation of atypical endothelial cells that had pleomorphic, mitotically active nuclei and formed vascular lumina of irregular shapes or solid cellular sheets, and was accompanied by the deposition of collagenous matrix. The cytoplasm of some of the atypical endothelial cells was immunohistochemically positive for vimentin, factor viii-related antigen, CD 34, and thrombomodulin. The MIB-1 labeling index of the sarcomatous component was higher than that of the astrocytomatous component. ( info)

12/1108. angiomatosis retinae. An ultrastructural study and lipid analysis.

    A nonfamilial case of agiomatosis retinae (retinal hemangioblastoma) was studied by electron microscopy. In addition to the three major types of cells previously identified within the tumor (endothelial cells, pericytes, heavily lipidized stromal cells), fibrous astrocytes in different stages of lipidization were also found. The endothelial cells were fenestrated, providing the basis for the extravasated exudate that is characteristic of the tumor. The pericytes were completely surrounded by casement membranes and displayed no significant lipidization; in a cellular plaque of vasular tissue at the base of the lesion, however, some of the multilaminar pericytes showed evidence of early smooth muscle differentiation. The stromal cells contained abundant lipid vacuoles and a few organelles, and exhibited granular degeneration of cytoplasmic filaments between the lipid vacuoles. There was spotty basement membrane formation where the stromal cells abutted on the vascular elements. No interconversion could be demonstrated among the endothelial cells, pericytes, and stromal cells. A source for the stromal cells was discovered in the early lipisization of fibrous astrocytes. Analysis of the extracted lipid from the tumor by means of infrared spectroscopy, lipid chromatography, and x-ray diffraction disclosed that the lipid was mostly cholestrol stearate, a plasma lipid. It is suggested that in the retinal lesions the leaky (fenestrated) capillaries of the tumor allowed the passive imbibition of plasma lipid by the fibrous astrocytes, leading to their gradual transformation into the fully lipidized stromal cells. ( info)

13/1108. hemangiosarcoma of the spleen: report of a case and review of previously reported cases.

    Splenic hamangiosarcomas are rare tumors, usually discovered at autopsy. In a few instances the diagnosis was made premortem, at the time of splenectomy for spontaneous rupture. The tumors usually present with abdominal pain, left upper guadrant mass and tenderness, and occasionally with a microangiopathic type of anemia. The histogenesis of the tumor is in dispute. Some authors feel that they are degenerations of hemangiomas. Others feel that they arise de novo in the spleen. There is not proven association of thorotrast administration or vinyl chloride exposure to the development of hemangiosarcomas in the spleen. The prognosis of the tumor is uniformly poor and most of the patients surviving laparotomy have followed a uniformly fatal clinical course. In a few cases treated with chemotherapy there has been no evidence of clinical benefit. The case report in this article presented with essentially all the features enumerated above. ( info)

14/1108. Angiosarcoma of the testis.

    A primary angiosarcoma of the testis in a 74-year-old patient was a highly anaplastic epthelioid angiosarcoma, which was positive for endothelial markers immunohistochemically. The tumour was unrelated to testicular germ cell neoplasm; the patient had received no previous radiation or chemotherapy. ( info)

15/1108. Primary cardiac Kaposi's sarcoma.

    We report the clinical, laboratory, and necropsy findings in a 14-year-old boy with a primary Kaposi's sarcoma of the heart. Primary cardiac Kaposi's sarcoma and angiosarcoma are compared, and the pathogenesis of Kaposi's sarcoma is discussed. Relevant literature is briefly reviewed. ( info)

16/1108. Pseudovascular squamous cell carcinoma of the uterine cervix: a lesion that may simulate an angiosarcoma.

    A case of pseudovascular squamous cell carcinoma in the uterine cervix of a 64-year-old woman was examined. Histologically, the lesion consisted of atypical, large, non-keratinizing squamous cells that exhibited not only acantholytic changes but also pseudovascular changes. Immunohistochemically, these tumor cells were positive for cytokeratin, epithelial membrane antigen and carcinoembryonic antigen, but none of them were positive for factor viii-related antigen or CD34. To our knowledge, pseudovascular carcinoma of the uterine cervix has not been described in the literature. Pathologists should be aware of this unusual form of cervical squamous cell carcinoma, particularly in the differential diagnosis of angiosarcoma. ( info)

17/1108. Metastatic cardiac angiosarcoma of the cervical spine. Case report.

    STUDY DESIGN: A case report of metastatic cardiac angiosarcoma of the cervical spine. OBJECTIVES: To show that this rare spine tumor behaves in the same manner as an arteriovenous malformation and embolization, which can allow for successful spine surgery, and to discuss the natural history and rarity of this tumor. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Primary angiosarcoma of the heart is a very rare tumor, with fewer than 200 reports in the English literature and nothing reported in the spine literature. RESULTS: The patient in this study initially sought treatment for neck pain, left arm pain, and weakness 17 months after cardiac surgery and subsequent chemotherapy. A cervical computed tomography scan demonstrated a C5 lytic vertebral body tumor with intracannilicular extension and cord compression. An anterior cervical approach was made, but the tumor was too vascular to resect, and surgery was aborted. The C5 vascular vertebral body metastasis subsequently was embolized successfully by an interventional neuroradiologist. reoperation via an anterior approach with corpectomy, cadaveric fibula, and anterior locking plate internal fixation was successful, producing marked improvement in the patients' symptoms. CONCLUSION: Spinal involvement by primary cardiac angiosarcoma is very rare, and this is only the second operative case ever reported. The vascular nature of this tumor makes it behave in a manner similar to that of a high-flow arteriovenous malformation. Surgery should not be undertaken before preoperative angiography and embolization. The dismal prognosis for this rare malignancy is discussed. ( info)

18/1108. Primary angiosarcoma of the ovary: a case report and review of the literature.

    INTRODUCTION: Gynecological sarcomas are rare and have a poor prognosis. Uterine sarcomas are most common accounting for 4% of all uterine tumors. Ovarian sarcomas are less frequent and are usually carcinosarcomas. CASE REPORT: A previously healthy 40-year-old G2P2 presented for evaluation of 72 h of right upper quadrant pain and shortness of breath. A malignant right pleural effusion, ascites, and adnexal mass were found. Surgical staging and suboptimal debulking revealed pure angiosarcoma of the ovary Stage IV. DISCUSSION: There are 12 cases of ovarian angiosarcoma reported in the literature. Ten of these cases presented in advanced stages with survivals of 2-30 months. Various chemotherapy regimens have been tried on these tumors including the most recent recommendation of MAID (mesna, doxorubicin, ifosfamide, and dacarbazine) and prognosis remains poor. Our patient underwent elective right pleurodesis via video-assisted thorascopic surgery under local anesthesia for an early recurrent right pleural effusion and subsequently began MAID chemotherapy. ( info)

19/1108. Cardiac angiosarcoma: early diagnosis. A case report.

    Malignant tumours are rare and their diagnostic verification is more frequent at a post-mortem examination. We present a clinical case of a angiosarcoma of the atrium dextrum in a patient where the diagnosis was done precociously. The clinical case we are describing presents some characteristics not noted in literature. The patient did not present any other clinical signs other than giving assumption of the presence of neoplasm and/or secondary localization. The transthoracic echographic exam revealed the methodology to enable the removal of the neoplasm, the outline of which, was better defined with the transesophageal probe. ( info)

20/1108. Treatment of a malignant enterocutaneous fistula with octreotide acetate.

    An enterocutaneous malignant fistula developed in a patient who had a retroperitoneal angiosarcoma. He was treated with octreotide acetate subcutaneously. drainage decreased and ceased after 2 weeks of therapy. The closure of this malignant fistula suggests that palliative therapy with octreotide acetate merits further study in view of the grave prognosis of this complication. ( info)
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