Cases reported "Hepatic Insufficiency"

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1/2. hepatopulmonary syndrome can show spontaneous resolution: possible mechanism of portopulmonary hypertension overlap?

    hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) (hypoxaemia due to intrapulmonary vasodilation and a right-to-left shunt associated with liver disease) resolves after liver transplantation. The authors describe a case of spontaneous resolution of HPS prior to liver transplantation. This patient was diagnosed with HPS associated with extra-hepatic biliary atresia when she was 10 years old. She exhibited digital clubbing, facial vascular dilation, cyanosis, and suffered from dyspnoea during exercise. The patient's PaO(2) at rest was 53.8 mm Hg in room air and a technetium-99m macro-aggregated albumin lung perfusion scan demonstrated a right-to-left shunt. Although her symptoms and laboratory data supported a diagnosis of HPS, she nevertheless showed spontaneous resolution within 2 years. When she was 14 years old, pulmonary hypertension was evident upon examination of her echocardiogram. HPS may be improved or masked by an accidental overlap with pulmonary hypertension in the terminal stage of liver disease. ( info)

2/2. hydranencephaly with cholestasis and giant hepatitis.

    We present a rare case of hydranencephaly with cholestasis and giant hepatitis. Studies for infectious agents were all negative including for the detection of virus in liver tissue by using polymerase chain reaction. Although the anterior pituitary functions (cortisol, thyroid stimulating hormone, free T4, human growth hormone) were normal, the patient revealed massive cholestasis and giant hepatitis. ( info)

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