Cases reported "Herpes Genitalis"

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1/145. Disseminated herpes simplex virus infection in a renal transplant patient as possible cause of repeated urinary extravasations.

    Disseminated herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infections are infrequent in patients receiving organ transplants, but usually have a poor outcome. We describe the case of a renal transplant patient who developed a disseminated HSV-2 infection with repeated urinary extravasations. The diagnosis was carried out using a multiplex polymerase chain reaction nested assay and it suggested HSV-2 as a possible cause of repeated urinary fistulas. ( info)

2/145. Sequential peripartum herpes simplex virus type 2 disease in parents and their newborn mimicking intrafamily spread of common viruses.

    herpes simplex type 2 (HSV2) disease developed sequentially among two parents and their newborn. The father first became ill with upper-respiratory symptoms and fever. Then, 5 days later, shortly after delivery, the mother had fever, pharyngitis, and diarrhea. Subsequently, the infant developed undifferentiated febrile illness at the age of 3 days. HSV etiology was recognized by incidental isolation of HSV2 from the newborn naospharynx. The father never developed genital lesions and the mother's symptoms remained nonspecific for several days prior to the onset of genital manifestations. The sequential emergence and manifestations of these infections could have been misconstrued for an intrafamily spread of respiratory or enteric viruses. This cluster illustrates that HSV2 may cause sequential symptomatic disease in susceptible individuals mimicking other viruses. ( info)

3/145. Aseptic herpetic meningitis: an uncommon genital herpes sequelae.

    Aseptic herpetic meningitis is a clinical syndrome characterized by fever, headaches, confusion, and a combination of meningeal signs. The spinal fluid findings consist of an increase in mononuclear cells (mononuclear pleocytosis), increased protein concentration, and normal glucose concentrations. Aseptic herpetic meningitis is thought to be caused by a viral infection, although the specific virus is usually not demonstrated. The condition is self-limited and requires no treatment. ( info)

4/145. Superimposed primary chancre in a patient with Adamantiades-Behcet's disease.

    Adamantiades-Behcet's disease was diagnosed in a 42 year old Turkish patient with recurrent oral aphthae, genital ulcerations, papules, and sterile pustules, histologically presenting as cutaneous vasculitis, and intermittent arthritis with joint effusion particularly of the knees. Six months after initial improvement under treatment with colchicine 2 mg/day, a solitary genital ulcer with enlarged inguinal lymph nodes appeared and persisted for 7 weeks despite the continuation of colchicine treatment and the introduction of clindamycin 2 mg/day intravenously. The unusual persistence of the ulcer and the failure of clindamycin therapy led to further differential diagnostic considerations and the identification of primary syphilis. The genital lesion healed 4 weeks after initiation of treatment with tetracycline 2 mg/day by mouth for 15 days. ( info)

5/145. Atypical presentation of herpes simplex virus in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

    Perianal infections caused by herpes simplex virus are common in immunocompromised patients. The cutaneous presentation in these patients is often atypical, overlaps with the clinical features of other diseases, poses a difficulty in diagnosis, and responds poorly to treatment. An immunocompromised patient with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, treated with oral corticosteroids, presented with chronic perianal ulcerations. This patient was referred for evaluation and treatment of "recalcitrant" pyoderma gangrenosum. Prompt diagnosis was possible when the clinical features were recognized and appropriate biopsy and cultures were obtained. We describe an atypical presentation of herpes simplex virus associated with both an endogenous and exogenous induced immunodeficiency, and stress the importance of routinely performing cultures on all perianal ulcerations and anal fissures to avoid the misdiagnosis, inappropriate treatment, and prolonged discomfort of these afflicted patients. ( info)

6/145. The perils and pitfalls of penile injections.

    We describe a 45-year-old man who presented with an indurated penile nodule following self-injection of acyclovir tablets which he had dissolved in hydrogen peroxide solution. This is a hazardous procedure which may be complicated by permanent deformity and functional disability due to the irritant nature of the tablets' constituents and their propensity to cause foreign body reactions in the skin. ( info)

7/145. Identification and treatment of herpes lesions.

    Infections caused by the herpes family of viruses are on the rise. Mucocutaneous herpes infections are caused by herpes simplex viruses 1 and 2 and varicella-zoster virus. herpes simplex virus commonly causes oral-labial or genital infection, and varicella-zoster virus causes chicken pox and shingles. Clinical features frequently are atypical, particularly in compromised patients. Therefore, a high index of suspicion must be maintained for early diagnosis. Availability of easy-to-perform rapid diagnostic tests and several potent antiherpetic agents have vastly improved the management of herpes infections. ( info)

8/145. Procalcitonin may help differentiate disseminated herpes simplex viral infection from bacterial sepsis in neonates.

    Disseminated herpes simplex virus infection is a potentially fatal condition which may be difficult to differentiate from bacterial sepsis. We report the case of a neonate with overwhelming herpes simplex (type 2) viraemia who presented with 'septic shock'. CONCLUSION: A low procalcitonin level (1.6 ng/ml), inconsistent with bacteraemia, suggests an alternative aetiology and may strengthen the case for antiviral therapy. ( info)

9/145. Dorsal perforation of prepuce: a common end point of severe ulcerative genital diseases?

    Severe ulcerative genital diseases can cause destruction of the prepuce, glans, or sometimes of the whole penis (phagedena). We observed a characteristic pattern of partial destruction of the prepuce as a result of a wide variety of ulcerative genital diseases. Five patients, two with severe genital herpes, one with hidradenitis suppurativa, and two with donovanosis presented with perforation on the dorsal surface of the prepuce. In four of them, the glans protruded through the defect and in one, the defect was not large enough to allow protrusion of the glans. In two patients, the preputial sac was obliterated. The relatively decreased blood supply of the prepuce is the probable explanation for perforation at this selective site. ( info)

10/145. herpes simplex type 2 causing fulminant hepatic failure.

    Although exceedingly rare, fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) in immunocompetent patients can develop with primary or recurrent infection due to herpes simplex virus (HSV). The diagnosis is frequently obscured by the absence of mucocutaneous involvement. Elevated transaminase values with leukopenia and a relatively low bilirubin level may provide clues to the diagnosis. We describe an immunocompetent woman who died of FHF before a definitive diagnosis of HSV type 2 hepatitis was established. herpes simplex virus hepatitis is one of the few causes of FHF for which potentially effective therapy is available. Thus, early diagnosis is paramount and usually requires liver biopsy. Recent studies suggest that transjugular liver biopsy is safe and effective in establishing the cause of FHF. Since the diagnosis and management of FHF are frequently influenced by the results of transjugular liver biopsy, it may become a standard diagnostic tool for managing FHF in centers where such expertise exists. ( info)
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