Cases reported "Hydronephrosis"

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1/873. hydronephrosis in pregnancy: simultaneous depiction of fetal and maternal hydronephrosis by magnetic resonance urography.

    Magnetic resonance urographic (MRU) techniques possess image quality and diagnostic capability that are improving with increasingly sophisticated imaging sequences and shorter scanning times. We describe the application of a fast breath-hold MR sequence (HASTE) in the assessment of ureteric obstruction in pregnancy. In the patient presented, HASTE MRU was successful in depicting ureteral anatomy and demonstrated dilation of both ureters below the level of the pelvic brim. This observation suggested distal ureteral obstruction rather than simple hydronephrosis of pregnancy. As a result, bilateral nephrostomies were performed and neonatal prematurity was avoided. Interestingly, in this patient, HASTE MR imaging also showed evidence of concurrent fetal hydronephrosis. ( info)

2/873. Systemic multifocal fibrosclerosis.

    We describe a case of hydronephrosis as a result of retroperitoneal fibrosis in a patient who had previous sclerosing lobulitis of the breast. To the best of our knowledge this is the first reported association between these two conditions in the english literature. We presume these conditions are linked and unify them under the general heading of systemic multifocal fibrosclerosis. ( info)

3/873. Ureteral compromise after laparoscopic Burch colpopexy.

    ureteral obstruction occurred in two patients after laparoscopic Burch cystourethropexy. Both women experienced right flank pain and right hydronephrosis. cystoscopy revealed transmural passage of suture anterior and lateral to the ureteral orifice on the right side. One patient was managed by suprapubic cystoscopy to release the suture; the other was managed by preperitoneal laparoscopy to release suture at the bladder neck. In both patients efflux of urine was seen immediately from the ureteral orifice after suture release. Ultrasound confirmed prompt resolution of hydronephrosis. cystoscopy with confirmation of patent ureters should be performed after every case of retropubic cystourethropexy. Retrograde rigid cystoscopy may not afford adequate access to remove transmural sutures. Placement of sutures at the bladder neck from medial to lateral may avoid entrapment of the intramural portion of ureter. (J Am Assoc Gynecol Laparosc 6(2):217-219, 1999) ( info)

4/873. Postchemotherapy retroperitoneal residual mass in infantile yolk sac tumor.

    BACKGROUND: Persistent postchemotherapy retroperitoneal residual mass with normalization of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) in infantile yolk sac tumor is rare. methods/RESULTS: A 38-month-old boy with recurrent yolk sac tumor was treated with cisplatin-based combination chemotherapy. After chemotherapy, the retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis, 7 x 6 cm in size, decreased to 2 x 2 cm. serum AFP levels returned to normal. The retroperitoneal residual mass was resected and histologically showed complete necrosis without viable cancer cells. CONCLUSION: The patient has remained free of disease for 36 months after operation. ( info)

5/873. Management of ureteric obstruction in the solitary kidney by a segmental suspended ureteric prosthesis.

    Ureteric obstruction of a single kidney, secondary to an aorto-iliac bypass graft, was treated with a suspended segmentary ureteric prosthesis. No urinary stasis was observed during 1 year and the urodynamic implication are discussed. ( info)

6/873. Interventions in renal scintirenography.

    Nuclear nephrourology continues to develop and expand on traditional provocative physiological maneuvers, such as diuretic and captopril renography. In addition, newer interventions are conceived, such as aspirin renography, which test new and fascinating aspects of renal functional reserve. Since the last review of this topic in 1991, nephrourologic nuclear medicine has made considerable progress in diverse ways. captopril and diuresis renography have made strides in establishing greater consensus of interpretation and procedure. Commonplace aspirin, the ubiquitous wonder drug, has revealed an unexpected role in renography by way of its inhibition of prostaglandin E2. Finally, further investigations of exercise renography in essential hypertension have deepened the plausibility of a renal role in the etiology of perhaps 50% of affected individuals. ( info)

7/873. Two brothers with varying combinations of severe developmental delay, epilepsy, microcephaly, tetralogy of fallot and hydronephrosis.

    We report on a sib pair who manifest a pattern of anomalies which appears to be unique and for which we are unable to provide a cytogenetic or molecular genetic explanation. While a number of their physical features are distinct, their overall appearance and pattern of neurological impairment suggest they suffer from the same genetic disorder. ( info)

8/873. Isolated iliac artery aneurysms with associated hydronephrosis.

    An isolated iliac artery aneurysm is where there is aneurysmal dilatation of one or more branches of the iliac system, with no associated dilatation of the aorta. Such aneurysms are rare and comprise 1% of all intra-abdominal aneurysms. The signs and symptoms of such an aneurysm are influenced by its concealed location within the bony pelvis. awareness of these special characteristics improves the chances of early diagnosis and proper treatment before possible rupture. We present the clinical and radiological features of three such aneurysms. Ultrasound was the first imaging modality to be performed. Ipsilateral hydronephrosis was demonstrated in each case, this lead to imaging the pelvis and the correct diagnosis. We review the clinical and radiological literature and conclude that the pelvis should be imaged in all cases of unexplained hydronephrosis. ( info)

9/873. Conservative treatment of acute Ormond's disease.

    Ormond's disease is a chronic inflammatory process of the retroperitoneum, which sometimes takes a very acute course. We report the case of a man with acute bilateral hydronephrosis. Diagnosis was based on typical criteria seen by magnetic resonance imaging, which made biopsy unnecessary. ( info)

10/873. gastroschisis associated with bladder evisceration complicated by hydronephrosis presenting antenatally.

    We report here a case of gastroschisis associated with bladder evisceration and complicated by rapidly developing hydronephrosis diagnosed antenatally. The timing of delivery was determined by the hydronephrosis, associated bowel dilatation and polyhydramnios. The case highlights the need for continuing ultrasonographic surveillance of fetuses with gastroschisis to identify further associated complications which were hitherto absent but whose presence may influence the timing of delivery and neonatal care. ( info)
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