Cases reported "Hypopigmentation"

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1/142. Localized hypopigmented mycosis fungoides in a 12-year-old caucasian boy.

    mycosis fungoides is uncommon during childhood. We describe a Caucasian child who presented a single hypopigmented lesion of mycosis fungoides. ( info)

2/142. Congenital poikiloderma with unusual hypopigmentation and acral blistering at birth.

    Congenital poikiloderma is an uncommon hereditary disorder. It has been reported in association with various syndrome. No case has previously been reported from this environment. We report a case of congenital poikiloderma in a two and a half year old female Nigerian associated with unusual generalised hypopigmentation and acral blisters at birth. The child subsequently developed macular hyperpigmentation on an erythematous background and atrophy of the skin. Although she had some features which were suggestive of rothmund-thomson syndrome (RTS), the presence of hypopigmentation at birth, along with acral blistering, was noted to be peculiar to this child. We, therefore, feel that this case presents a distinct variant of congenital poikiloderma that has not been described previously. ( info)

3/142. Linear lymphatic hypopigmentation after intralesional corticosteroid injection: report of two cases.

    Perilesional and linear hypopigmentation, extending cephalad along the lymphatics, occurred in one patient following intralesional injection of corticosteroid suspension for treatment of a hypertrophic scar, and in a second patient following sub-lesional injection of a soft toe-web corn. atrophy did not occur. Repigmentation in both patients was complete without specific treatment. review of the literature and evaluation of these patients suggest that the linear hypopigmentation in these two cases was caused by lymphogenous uptake of the corticosteroid crystals. ( info)

4/142. Leukoderma following occupational allergic contact dermatitis.

    We describe 2 cases of occupational allergic contact dermatitis followed by leukoderma. The 1st case was a 49-year-old wood machinist who developed leukoderma in areas of contact dermatitis involving his lips, neck, hands and forearms and was found to be allergic to colophony and pine sawdust on patch testing. The 2nd case involved a 44-year-old man who worked as an epoxy applicator in a ceramics factory. He developed depigmentation in areas of contact dermatitis involving his face, hands, forearms, back, thighs and legs and was found on patch testing to be allergic to epoxy resin. The appearance of contact leukoderma may be indistinguishable from idiopathic vitiligo. However the prognosis for repigmentation may be better in contact leukoderma than in idiopathic vitiligo. ( info)

5/142. Successful bone marrow transplantation in a case of Griscelli disease which presented in accelerated phase with neurological involvement.

    Griscelli disease (GD) is a rare disorder characterized by pigment dilution, immunodeficiency and occurrence of accelerated phase consisting of hemophagocytosis, pancytopenia and neurological manifestations. Allogeneic BMT in the early period is an important modality of treatment for GD. We carried out an alloBMT from an HLA-identical sibling donor on a 4-year-old girl who presented in accelerated phase with neurological manifestations including convulsions, strabismus, severe dysarthria, ataxia and clonus. She was treated with etoposide, methylprednisolone and intrathecal methotrexate for 8 weeks and underwent alloBMT after receiving a conditioning regimen including ATG (rabbit, 10 mg/kg x 5 days), Bu/Cy. 8 x 108/kg nucleated bone marrow cells were given. Engraftment occurred early and the post-BMT period was uneventful. Currently, she is at 18 months post BMT with sustained engraftment and with a normal neurological examination except for minimal clonus. Long-term follow-up will determine the prognosis regarding the neurological findings. ( info)

6/142. Post-stripping sclerodermiform dermatitis.

    BACKGROUND: Cutaneous sclerosis, a process that results in hardening of the skin, is the hallmark of scleroderma and sclerodermoid disorders. Cutaneous sclerosis is usually classified as secondary or primary, depending on the presence or absence of underlying diseases. Primary cutaneous sclerosis is a feature of idiopathic inflammatory processes that are often associated with autoimmune disorders, whereas secondary cutaneous sclerosis arises in the context of many pathological processes of varying causes, including chronic graft-vs-host disease, defined metabolic or genetic disorders, and exposure to certain infectious organisms, drugs, or chemicals. OBSERVATIONS: Three patients had localized cutaneous sclerosis overlying the site of a surgically removed (stripped) great saphenous vein. In all 3 patients, lesions were clinically characterized by multiple hypopigmented and indurated plaques distributed linearly along the path of the preexisting vein. Extensive history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests did not reveal known predisposing factors for cutaneous sclerosis. CONCLUSIONS: Although the observed association of sclerodermiform dermatitis and venous stripping in these 3 patients does not imply a causal relationship, the absence of other identifiable predisposing factors and the striking linear distribution of the cutaneous lesions along the path of the preexisting vein are suggestive. This poststripping sclerodermiform dermatitis may be a rare late complication of saphenous vein stripping. ( info)

7/142. A clinical and histopathological study of macular type of post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis.

    Post-kala-azar dermal leishmaniasis (PKDL) is an uncommon sequel seen in patients with a previous attack of kala-azar (KA). It is characterized by hypopigmented macules and erythematous eruptions leading to the formation of papules, plaques and nodules. Little attention has been paid to the rare group of patients who present with only hypopigmented macules. The present study has described the distribution of lesions in macular PKDL and their histopathology. ( info)

8/142. hypopigmentation of a papillary carcinoma arising in a black thyroid.

    We report a case of an unpigmented papillary carcinoma arising in a black thyroid induced by minocycline. Black thyroid syndrome is an unusual pigmented change seen almost exclusively in patients on minocycline, apparently resulting from an oxidative interaction between thyroid peroxidase and the drug. Twenty-six cases have previously been reported in the English literature, nine of which described an associated thyroid neoplasm. Four of these nine neoplasms were described as pale or hypopigmented. The nature of the lesion against the background of pigmentation suggests diminished function of the thyroid peroxidase in this clonal population. ( info)

9/142. The treatment of hypopigmented lesions with cultured epithelial autograft.

    hypopigmentation may be a significant problem after burn injury. It is often difficult to predictably repair with conventional surgical techniques. It has been our experience that epidermal cells cultured from patients with dark skin produce pigment within the epidermal cell sheets, which indicates the presence of melanocytes. The presence of melanocytes and melanin in these cell sheets was demonstrated with the use of histochemical techniques. The results indicate that repigmentation with cultured epithelial autograft is possible. We describe a novel technique of dermabrasion and a co-culture of epidermal cells and melanocytes. ( info)

10/142. onchocerciasis presenting with lower extremity, hypopigmented macules.

    onchocerciasis, or river blindness, is a parasitic infection caused by the filarial nematode, onchocerca volvulus. It infects 18 million people worldwide, but is rarely seen in the united states. It is one of the leading causes of blindness in the developing world. Although onchocerciasis is also known as river blindness, it is not just a disease of the eyes, but rather a chronic multisystem disease. Clinically, onchocerciasis takes three forms: 1) eye disease; 2) subcutaneous nodules; and 3) a pruritic hypopigmented or hyperpigmented papular dermatitis. We present an 18-year-old African female with a 5-year history of asymptomatic, hypopigmented, slightly atrophic macules on her anterior tibiae. pathology revealed a scant perivascular inflammatory infiltrate with mononuclear cells, eosinophils, and rare microfilariae in the papillary dermis. ivermectin is the treatment of choice for onchocerciasis and was initiated in this patient. We present this interesting patient with onchocerciasis to expand our differential of hypopigmented macules, especially in the African population. In addition, we discuss both the diagnosis and the treatment of onchocerciasis in expatriate patients living in nonendemic areas. ( info)
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