Cases reported "Ichthyosis"

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11/383. Ichthyosis follicularis with alopecia and photophobia in a mother and daughter.

    A mother and daughter having ichthyosis follicularis with alopecia and photophobia (IFAP) are reported, with histopathological and electron microscopic findings. We have followed the clinical course of the mother for 26 years since she was 5 years old, and the daughter since birth. They have had almost all the classical and some of the minor symptoms of IFAP, including severe photophobia, extensive non-inflammatory follicular hyperkeratosis, generalized non-scarring alopecia, hyperkeratosis of the extensor aspect of the four extremities, nail deformity and recurrent cheilitis. In addition, their facial appearance greatly resembles that of previously reported patients. A consistent feature in the mother was florid keratotic inflammatory eruptions on the genital region during each of her pregnancies, which rapidly improved after the delivery. skin biopsy of the genital lesion showed marked acanthosis with dyskeratosis and spongiotic changes. The electron microscopic examination of diseased skin showed damaged desmosomes with spongiosis. No obvious changes were found in normal appearing skin. ( info)

12/383. Type 2 gaucher disease: the collodion baby phenotype revisited.

    The association of gaucher disease, the inherited deficiency of lysosomal glucocerebrosidase (EC 3.2.1.45), and congenital ichthyosis was first noted a decade ago. Subsequently, a null allele type 2 Gaucher mouse was generated that also exhibited ichthyotic skin, confirming that the skin disorder and enzyme deficiency were directly related. This paper details the clinical and molecular characterisation of 6 cases of type 2 gaucher disease presenting with the collodion baby phenotype. The identified mutant glucocerebrosidase alleles include two novel mutations (S196P and R131L) and two rare point mutations (R120W and R257Q), as well as alleles resulting from recombination with the nearby glucocerebrosidase pseudogene. There is significant genotypic heterogeneity in this rare subset of patients with type 2 gaucher disease. gaucher disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of congenital ichthyosis in the newborn period. ( info)

13/383. Hot spot mutations in keratin 2e suggest a correlation between genotype and phenotype in patients with ichthyosis bullosa of siemens.

    ichthyosis bullosa of siemens (IBS) is a rare disorder of cornification characterized by blister formation in the upper suprabasal layers of the epidermis. Molecular analysis of IBS has identified mutations in the keratin 2e (K2e) gene, which is located in the type II keratin gene cluster on chromosome 12q. We have studied two IBS families and have identified heterozygous point mutations in codon 493 of the K2e gene in both families. Whereas a non-conservative amino acid substitution at position 117 of the 2B region of K2e (E117K) was associated with a severe phenotype in family 1, family 2 showed mild clinical features as a result of a conservative substitution (E117D). These data suggest a phenotype-genotype correlation in these families. ( info)

14/383. A case of ichthyosis linearis circumflexa successfully treated with topical tacrolimus.

    We report a case of ichthyosis linearis circumflexa (ILC) without the typical atopic manifestations and deformities of the hair shaft. The patient responded positively to treatment with topical tacrolimus, suggesting that abnormalities in the immunoregulatory mechanism may be involved in the pathogenesis of ILC. ( info)

15/383. Atrichia, ichthyosis, follicular hyperkeratosis, chronic candidiasis, keratitis, seizures, mental retardation and inguinal hernia: a severe manifestation of IFAP syndrome?

    A boy with congenital atrichia, ichthyosis follicular, keratitis, cutaneous infections and a huge inguinal hernia, but without deafness is reported. We believe it represents a new case of a rare X-linked recessive syndrome known as ichthyosis follicularis, alopecia, photophobia syndrome (IFAP). The differential diagnosis from keratitis ichthyosis deafness is discussed. The cutaneous infections seen in our case suggest the possibility of considering a genetic link between these syndromes. ( info)

16/383. Anaplastic large-cell lymphoma associated with acquired ichthyosis.

    Anaplastic, CD30( ), large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) is a subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma that accounts for 2% to 8% of all lymphomas. Its most common form is a classical systemic type, which involves multiple nodal and extranodal sites, including the skin. Malignant lymphoproliferative disorders, especially Hodgkin's disease, are known rarely to be associated with acquired ichthyosis, whereas only 1 case of ALCL has been reported to be associated with acquired ichthyosis. We describe a 74-year-old Japanese man with ALCL, involving lymph nodes and the skin, who exhibited acquired ichthyosis. The clinical and histopathologic findings were recorded, and immunophenotyping, T-cell receptor (TCR), and immunoglobulin gene rearrangement were determined. Clinically, right axillary and bilateral inguinal lymph nodes were palpable. The cutaneous eruptions were multiple pinkish and yellow colored, up to thumb-sized nodules, some of which were ulcerated. Histologically, the right axillary lymph node showed proliferation of anaplastic large cells in the paracortical and sinusoidal areas. Both the lymph node and skin showed pleomorphic proliferation of lymphoid cells with a mixture of mononuclear cells having oval, embryo-shaped, reniform, and lobulated nuclei, binucleated Reed-Sternberg-like cells, and multinucleated cells, with giant anaplastic and wreath-shaped nuclei. immunophenotyping of the neoplastic cells revealed that they were positive for CD30 (Ber-H2), CD15 (Leu-M1), CD45 (LCA), and CD45RO (UCHL-1). Southern blot analysis demonstrated clonal rearrangement of the TCR beta region. In contrast, no novel bands were detected with the immunoglobulin heavy chain JH probe. Several months after the detection of the axillary nodes, an ichthyosiform, scaly eruption developed over almost the entire body of the patient. Histologically, it showed orthokeratotic, slight hyperkeratosis of the epidermis without a granular layer or with only a single layer of cells in the granular layer. Several kinds of lymphoproliferative diseases are associated with acquired ichthyosis, including Hodgkin's disease, multiple myeloma, and lymphomatoid papulosis. This is the second case report of acquired ichthyosis associated with ALCL. Although a common pathomechanism is suspected of underlying the development of acquired ichthyosis in these diseases, it is still unexplained. ( info)

17/383. Orthopaedic rehabilitation in a case of Tay-syndrome.

    This paper reports on the orthopaedic rehabilitation of a patient with Tay-syndrome. Tay-syndrome is a rare monogen-inherited ektodermal dysplastic syndrome with ichtyosis, fragility of the hair and physical and mental retardation. The congenital ichtyosis is ubiquitous. Only the skin on the flexion side of the extremity joints are not involved (orthocerathosis combined with paraceratotic strings). In this case, a young boy developed bilateral subluxation of the hips and was not able to stand or walk freely. Contemporary pre- and neonatal care has prolonged the survival of newborns with severe genodermatoses, including this syndrome. In this case, it has provided the necessity for orthopaedic treatment of the problems caused by osteosclerosis and muscular spasticity. ( info)

18/383. Jordans' anomaly.

    A case of Jordans' Anomaly of leucocytes is reported in a young boy with congenital ichthyosis and hepatosplenomegaly. Cytoplasmic vacuoles were seen in granulocytes, monocytes and lymphocytes of the patient and his father. serum triglyceride was found elevated in the child but not in the father. Ultrasonogram of the patient's liver showed features suggestive of fatty change, thus pointing to a possible abnormality of systemic triglyceride storage. ( info)

19/383. Ichthyosis revealing coeliac disease.

    We describe the case of a twenty-nine year-old woman presenting a lamellar desquamation on the abdomen, submammary folds and on the limbs. During recent years the patient suffered neither from bowel disorders, nor from dryness of the skin. Laboratory tests revealed high values of parathormone and a high level of antiendomysial antibodies. The total bone-mineral density was about 78% of normal levels. A duodenal mucous membrane specimen showed total atrophy of the villi. skin biopsy revealed an acquired ichthyosis mimicking an ichthyosis vulgaris. The patient underwent a gluten-free diet, supported by folic acid and vitamin d and six months later, after the regression of secondary hyperparathyroidism, a remarkable improvement of the cutaneous symptoms was obtained. ( info)

20/383. Splice-site mutation in TGM1 in congenital recessive ichthyosis in American families: molecular, genetic, genealogic, and clinical studies.

    Lamellar ichthyosis (LI, OMIM no. 242300) is a severe autosomal recessive genodermatosis with an estimated prevalence of 1:200,000. LI represents one end of the spectrum of congenital recessive ichthyosis (CRI). Mutations in the gene for transglutaminase-1 (TGM1) are responsible for many cases of LI and occur throughout the coding sequence of the gene. Our analyses of patients with CRI revealed a common TGM1 mutation involving loss of the intron 5 splice acceptor site leading to alternative splicing of the message. We found families in which the splice acceptor site mutation was homozygous, and families where the patients were compound heterozygotes for the splice acceptor site mutation and another TGM1 mutation. A mutation at this same site occurs in the majority of Norwegian patients as a founder effect. In our ethnically diverse patient population, none of whom have known Norwegian ancestry, haplotype analysis of the TGM1 chromosomal region also suggested the existence of a founder effect. Comparison of the common haplotype in our data with the Norwegian data showed that 2/7 of our splice acceptor site mutation chromosomes had the full reported Norwegian haplotype, and the remaining five chromosomes exhibited recombination at the most distal marker studied. history, family origins, and haplotype analysis suggested that the mutation originally arose on a German background and was introduced into norway around 800-1000 AD. We also found a limited correlation between genotype and phenotype in our study, with the four homozygous patients having less severe disease than many of the heterozygotes, and no patient with a splice acceptor site mutation having erythroderma or a congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma phenotype. ( info)
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