Cases reported "Jaw Diseases"

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1/158. Florid cemento-osseous dysplasia. Report of a case.

    A case of florid cemento-osseous dysplasia in a 16-year-old Japanese boy is presented. The lesion was unusually large and affected all four quadrants. Progressive increase in the bulk of the lesion was seen. ( info)

2/158. guideline of surgical management based on diffusion of descending necrotizing mediastinitis.

    BACKGROUND: Descending necrotizing mediastinitis resulting from oropharyngeal abscess, is a serious, life-threatening infection. Exisiting strategies for surgical management, such as transcervical mediastinal drainage or aggressive thoracotomic drainage, remain controversial. methods: Four patients, (three males and one female) were treated for descending necrotizing mediastinitis resulting from oropharyngeal infection. Two had peritonsillar abscesses, while the others experienced dental abscess and submaxillaritis. Descending necrotizing mediastinitis received its classification according to the degree of diffusion of infection diagnosed by computed tomography. mediastinitis in two cases, (Localized descending necrotizing mediastinitis-Type I), was localized to the upper mediastinal space above the carina. In the others, infection extended to the lower anterior mediastinum (Diffuse descending necrotizing mediastinitis-Type IIA), and to both anterior and posterior lower mediastinum (Diffuse descending necrotizing mediastinitis-Type IIB). The spread of infection to the pleural cavity occurred in three cases. RESULTS: The surgical outcome concerning each of the patients was successful. Radical cervicotomy (unilateral in three patients, bilateral in the other) in conjunction with mechanical ventilation with continuous postoperative positive airway pressure, was performed in all cases. tracheostomy was established in three patients and pharyngostomy in two. The two descending necrotizing mediastinitis-Type I cases were successfully managed with transcervical mediastinal drainage. The descending necrotizing mediastinitis-Type IIA case received treatment through transcervicotomy and anterior mediastinal drainage through a subxiphoidal incision. The patient with descending necrotizing mediastinitis-Type IIB required posterior mediastinal drainage through a right standard thoracotomy followed by left minimal thoracotomy. CONCLUSIONS: The mediastinal infection, the extent of which has been accurately determined by computed tomograms, necessitates radical cervicotomy followed by pleuromediastinal drainage. Situations where infection has spread to posterior medisatinum, particularly when it reaches in the level of the carina (descending necrotizing mediastinitis-type I), may not always require aggressive mediastinal drainage. In comparison, diffuse descending necrotizing mediastinitis-Type IIB demands complete mediastinal drainage with debridement via thoracotomy. Subxiphoidal mediastinal drainage without sternotomy may provide adequate drainage in diffuse descending necrotizing mediastinitis-Type IIA. ( info)

3/158. Intraosseous fibrous lesions of the jaws: a manifestation of tuberous sclerosis.

    Four patients previously diagnosed with tuberous sclerosis are reported with intraosseous fibrous lesions of the jaws. review of the literature revealed comparable pathosis occurring in extragnathic bones and several previous reports of similar lesions within the jaws. Therefore, these intraosseous fibrous proliferations are thought to represent an intraoral manifestation of tuberous sclerosis and not coincidental findings. In all 4 cases, the tumors demonstrated significant collagenization with numerous interspersed plump fibroblasts. Although histopathologically similar, the features of the lesions are not specific and also can be found in desmoplastic fibromas and simple odontogenic fibromas. The definitive diagnosis requires appropriate clinicopathologic correlation. ( info)

4/158. Cranio-facial fibrous dysplasia in a 38-year-old African woman: a case history.

    A 38-year-old woman sought treatment with cranio-facial dysplasia involving the cranium, maxilla and the mandible. Her chief complaint was a mandibular swelling, which had appeared about 2 years previously, had gradually enlarged, and was associated with spontaneous pain. x-ray film examination revealed a ground-glass opacity with blurred demarcation and a 99 Tc medronate bone scan disclosed an increase in tracer uptake in the cranium, maxilla and mandible. The rest of the skeleton was not affected. Histological examination of the lesions revealed solid proliferation of spindle-shaped cells associated with islands of osteid and bone trabecullae with Chinese letter pattern and numerous multinucleated giant cells consistent with fibrous dysplasia. The continued osteoblastic activity of involved bones, coupled with the medical condition of the patient, restricted the management of the patient to largely supportive and palliative care. ( info)

5/158. noma: report of a case resulting in bony ankylosis of the maxilla and mandible.

    noma, or cancrum oris, has been described as a gangrenous infection of the soft and hard tissues of the oronasal region. Prior to the advent of antibiotics the disease was commonly fatal. Now many survive the acute phase of the disease and present the surgeon with formidable problems of repair. This is a report of a presumed case of noma that resulted in bony ankylosis of the maxilla and mandible. Three-dimensional shaded surface CT reconstruction images were especially useful in demonstrating the architecture of the abnormal bone. ( info)

6/158. Possibilities of preventing osteoradionecrosis during complex therapy of tumors of the oral cavity.

    In recent years, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of tumors of the head and neck. Their successful treatment is one of the greatest challenges for physicians dealing with oncotherapy. An organic part of the complex therapy is preoperative or postoperative irradiation. Application of this is accompanied by a lower risk of recurrences, and by a higher proportion of cured patients. Unfortunately, irradiation also has a disadvantage: the development of osteoradionecrosis, a special form of osteomyelitis, in some patients (mainly in those cases where irradiation occurs after bone resection or after partial removal of the periosteum). Once the clinical picture of this irradiation complication has developed, its treatment is very difficult. A significant result or complete freedom from complaints can be attained only rarely. attention must therefore be focussed primarily on prevention, and the oral surgeon, the oncoradiologist and the patient too can all do much to help prevent the occurrence of osteoradionecrosis. Through coupling of an up-to-date, functional surgical attitude with knowledge relating to modern radiology and radiation physics, the way may be opened to forestall this complication that is so difficult to cure. ( info)

7/158. Progressive septal and palatal perforation secondary to intranasal cocaine abuse.

    Septal perforation from intranasal cocaine abuse is well recognised. We present a case of progressive septal as well as palatal perforation. Progression from septal perforation to palatal perforation occurred after cessation of intranasal cocaine abuse. This patient had a weakly positive cytoplasmic antineutrophilic cytoplasmic antibody (C-ANCA) but no histologic evidence of Wegener's Granulomatosis. The differential diagnosis for septal and palatal perforation is reviewed. This case represents the fifth reported case of palatal perforation secondary to cocaine abuse in the literature, and the second associated with positive C-ANCA. ( info)

8/158. erdheim-chester disease of the jaws: literature review and case report.

    erdheim-chester disease is a rare systemic lipogranulomatous disorder of adults that shares some histopathologic features similar to Langerhans' cell histiocytosis and that results in characteristic radiographic changes in the long bones. Relatively few cases have been reported in the jaws. We present a literature review of jaw cases and the first case report to describe detailed radiographic and pathologic features of jaw involvement, as well as clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic follow-up of the untreated jaw lesions. ( info)

9/158. tooth eruption in a patient with craniometaphyseal dysplasia: case report.

    Craniometaphyseal dysplasia (CMD) is a very rare genetic disorder of bone remodeling caused by osteoclast dysfunction. The clinical and radiographical features of oral findings are presented in a sporadic case of CMD in a child (age 10 years, 7 months). An intraoral examination showed severe malocclusions, including anterior crossbite and deep bite. Furthermore, a radiographic examination showed increased radiopacity of the maxilla and mandibular bones due to hyperostosis and sclerosis of the jaw. There was no root resorption of the canines or molars in the primary dentition, although root formation of the permanent teeth was proceeding. Dental age was calculated to be approximately 1 year, 4 months younger than his chronological age. The eruption speed of the permanent lateral incisors after the gingival emergence was shown to be within normal values, and we discuss whether the canines and premolars in the permanent dentition could erupt or not. ( info)

10/158. Two cases of polyostotic eosinophilic granuloma.

    We report two cases of polyostotic eosinophilic granuloma (EG). Both plain radiographs and CT showed diffuse osteolytic lesions which suggested malignant tumors. Although EG was polyostotic, the prognosis was relatively good. Both cases developed new lesions over a follow-up period of 4-5 years and therefore further long-term review is needed. ( info)
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