Cases reported "liver cirrhosis, biliary"

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1/429. Primary biliary cirrhosis associated with membranous glomerulonephritis.

    A 33-year-old woman was admitted to our department for evaluation of liver dysfunction and proteinuria. A liver biopsy specimen showed ductular proliferation and moderate portal fibrosis indicating stage II primary biliary cirrhosis. A renal biopsy specimen showed mild to moderate mesangial cell proliferation without crescent formation or interstitial nephritis. Immunofluorescent staining revealed deposition of immunoglobulin g (IgG), third component of complement (C3), and Clq on glomerular basement membranes. The findings indicated stage I membranous glomerulonephritis. Administration of ursodesoxycholic acid together with prednisolone, azathioprine, and dipyridamole decreased proteinuria and improved cholestatic liver dysfunction. ( info)

2/429. Negative conversion of antimitochondrial antibody in primary biliary cirrhosis: a case of autoimmune cholangitis.

    Autoimmune cholangitis is a clinical constellation of chronic cholestasis, histological changes of chronic nonsuppurative cholangitis and the presence of autoantibodies other than antimitochondrial antibody (AMA). It is uncertain whether this entity is definitely different from AMA positive primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), though it shows some differences. We report a case of autoimmune cholangitis in a 59-year-old woman, who had been previously diagnosed as AMA-positive PBC associated with rheumatoid arthritis, has been converted to an AMA-negative and anticentromere antibody-positive PBC during follow-up. The response to ursodeoxycholic acid treatment is poor except within the first few months, but prednisolone was dropping the biochemical laboratory data. ( info)

3/429. Primary biliary cirrhosis associated with painless thyroiditis.

    A case of anti-mitochondrial antibody (AMA)-negative primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) associated with painless thyroiditis is reported in a 47-year-old woman who diagnosed as PBC based on her elevated serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase and immunoglobulin m levels, as well as histological findings of destroyed bile ducts surrounded by mononuclear infiltrates in the biopsied liver. She was negative for AMA and had a depressed level of thyroid-stimulating hormone accompanied by increased free thyrosine, thyroxine and triiodothyronine levels and low titers of anti-microsomal and anti-thyroid peroxidase antibodies. Her thyroid disorder corresponded with painless thyroiditis. An association between PBC and hyperthyroidism is rare. Furthermore, an association between AMA-negative PBC and hyperthyroidism due to painless thyroiditis has not previously been reported. ( info)

4/429. Case report: a rare association of primary biliary cirrhosis and systemic lupus erythematosus and review of the literature.

    We report a rare occurrence of systemic lupus erythematosus in a patient known to have had well-documented primary biliary cirrhosis for 10 years. The presentation was dramatic with pericardial tamponade, but responded well to high dose corticosteroid. There are only five such definite associations reported in the literature. In the present case, other possible causes were considered, such as drug-induced cholestasis, drug-induced lupus, autoimmune chronic active hepatitis and the overlap syndrome. ( info)

5/429. Successful pregnancy in a woman with secondary biliary cirrhosis with portal hypertension from recurrent pyogenic cholangitis. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: pregnancy in women with secondary biliary cirrhosis due to recurrent pyogenic cholangitis is extremely rare. Little information is available on the effect of pregnancy on the disease and vice versa. CASE: A patient who had secondary biliary cirrhosis due to recurrent pyogenic cholangitis complicated by splenomegaly and portal hypertension had a successful pregnancy. Although she had a history of esophageal variceal bleeding before this pregnancy, there was no such bleeding during pregnancy. She had an uneventful antenatal course except that her liver enzyme level fluctuated slightly. The serum bilirubin level increased during the third trimester of pregnancy but returned to the prepregnant level after delivery. CONCLUSION: Termination of pregnancy may not be the only option for management. The management protocol for patients with primary biliary cirrhosis complicating pregnancy, which includes regular fetal surveillance and monitoring of maternal liver function, should be considered for pregnant women with secondary biliary cirrhosis. ( info)

6/429. Primary hepatic lymphoma associated with primary biliary cirrhosis.

    We report a case of primary hepatic lymphoma in a 55-yr-old female patient with primary biliary cirrhosis and sjogren's syndrome. On July 1994, a tumor measuring 11 mm in diameter was detected in the right lobe of the liver by abdominal ultrasonography. A needle biopsy specimen showed the lesion to contain small- and medium-sized lymphoid cells without obvious atypia, and a provisional diagnosis of pseudolymphoma was made. About 2 yr later, the tumor increased to 15 mm in diameter, necessitating a second needle biopsy. Histological and genetic examinations confirmed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of diffuse, mixed small and large cell, B-cell type. However, the size of the tumor remained almost stable (16 mm in diameter) over a period of 7 months after diagnosis, without any treatment for lymphoma, indicating a low grade malignancy. We document hepatic lymphoma as an additional complication of primary biliary cirrhosis. ( info)

7/429. Development of autoimmune hepatitis following liver transplantation for primary biliary cirrhosis.

    Two patients undergoing liver transplantation for classical end-stage primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) are described, who went on to develop de novo autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) in the transplanted liver. The presentation, in both instances, was with malaise and lethargy. Markedly elevated serum transaminases were found, together with a raised serum IgG and/or globulin fraction and histological features on liver biopsy typical of AIH. Both cases had had changes in their immunosuppressive therapy before the onset of AIH episodes, and both rapidly responded to reinstitution of steroid therapy. The finding, in each case, of a coincidental multiple HLA class I allele match between the recipient and their liver donor suggests that HLA class I-restricted mechanisms may play an important role in the pathogenesis of AIH. ( info)

8/429. A case of autoimmune hypophysitis associated with asymptomatic primary biliary cirrhosis.

    We report a 61-year old male patient with panhypopituitarism complicated with asymptomatic primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC). T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated high intensity of the anterior pituitary gland. There was no mass lesion or enlargement of the pituitary gland or the stalk. Immunoblot analysis of the patient's sera with rat pituitary antigens revealed a band with a molecular size of 22 kD. Anti-M2 mitochondrial antibody has been consistently positive for five years. Liver biopsy revealed portal hepatitis with periportal infiltration of the inflammatory cells. This is the first case report of autoimmune hypophysitis complicated with asymptomatic PBC. ( info)

9/429. hepatitis c virus-related fibrosing cholestatic hepatitis after cardiac transplantation: is azathioprine a contributory factor?

    We report a patient who acquired hepatitis c virus (HCV) infection at cardiac transplantation, developing fibrosing cholestatic hepatitis (FCH) with early liver failure and a fatal outcome. FCH is a recently described clinicopathological entity characterized by a cholestatic pattern of serum liver enzyme abnormalities, a progressive course leading to liver failure, and a pathological picture defined by periportal fibrosis, neutrophilic infiltrates and signs of histological cholestasis. Although it was initially described secondary to hepatitis b virus infection, it has also been recently related to HCV infection. Some histopathological features consistent with azathioprine hepatotoxicity like cholestasis, perisinusoidal fibrosis, veno-subocclusive lesions and nodular regenerative hyperplasia were also observed in this case. Therefore, a direct cytopathic effect of HCV and the concurrent pathogenic role of azathioprine hepatotoxicity may be involved in the development of this complication of transplantation. ( info)

10/429. Recanalization of a portal-vein thrombosis and partial resolution of biliary cirrhosis following cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis in an infant.

    cholelithiasis in infants and children is unusual and is reputedly associated with underlying hemolytic disorders, total parenteral nutrition, ileal disease, and congenital anomalies of the biliary tree. We report a case of cholecystitis with pigmented stones in a 3-month-old infant associated with portal vein thrombosis (PVT) and biliary cirrhosis without the above-mentioned causes. Recanalization of the PV and partial resolution of the cirrhosis was observed following cholecystectomy. To our knowledge, cholelithiasis associated with PVT and cirrhosis in an infant has not been reported in the literature. ( info)
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