Cases reported "Lyme Disease"

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1/391. Unusual presentations of neuroborreliosis (lyme disease) in childhood.

    Two children with atypical neuroborreliosis (cranial polyneuritis and acute transverse myelitis) are presented. The diagnosis was confirmed by the determination of specific antibodies against borrelia burgdorferi in both serum and CSF. neuroimaging findings were nonspecific, indicating, however, that neuroborreliosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of cases with cranial polyneuritis and acute transverse myelitis in childhood. ( info)

2/391. Serologically diagnosed lyme disease manifesting erythema migrans in korea.

    lyme disease is a vector-borne infection, primarily transmitted by ixodes ticks, and caused by borrelia burgdorferi. It has a wide distribution in the northern hemisphere. In korea, however, only one human case has been reported, although B. burgdorferi was isolated from the vector tick I. persulcatus in the region. A 60-year-old male and a 45-year-old female developed the clinical sign of erythema migrans. Each patients were bitten by a tick four weeks and five weeks, respectively, before entering the hospital. On serologic examination, significantly increased IgM and IgG antibody titers to B. burgdorferi were observed in consecutive tests performed at an interval of two weeks. They responded well to treatment with tetracycline. ( info)

3/391. borrelia burgdorferi central nervous system infection presenting as an organic schizophrenialike disorder.

    BACKGROUND: We report on a 42-year-old female patient who presented with a schizophreniform disorder and complete relief of symptoms after specific therapy. methods: cerebrospinal fluid and magnetic resonance imaging findings led to the diagnosis of lyme disease. RESULTS: To our knowledge this is the first reported case with an exclusive psychiatric manifestation of lyme disease. CONCLUSIONS: In case of first manifestation of psychotic disorder, although neurological symptoms are lacking, lyme disease should be considered and be excluded by cerebrospinal fluid analysis. ( info)

4/391. Diaphragmatic paralysis due to lyme disease.

    lyme disease is a tick-borne spirochaete infection which, in a proportion of patients, can lead to neuropathy. This article describes a case of diaphragmatic paralysis due to lyme disease. A 39-yr-old male presented to the hospital because of an acute left facial palsy. Six weeks prior to admission he had developed a circular rash on his left flank during a camping holiday. He also complained of shortness of breath and arthralgia for 1 week. His chest radiograph demonstrated a raised right hemi-diaphragm. Diaphragmatic paralysis was confirmed by fluoroscopy (a positive sniff test). serology revealed evidence of recent infection by borrelia burgdorferi. On the basis of the patient's clinical presentation, a recent history of erythema migrans, and positive Lyme serology, a diagnosis of neuroborreliosis was made. He received oral doxycycline therapy (200 mg x day(-1)) for three weeks. Facial and diaphragmatic palsies resolved within eight weeks. On the basis of this case, a diagnosis of lyme disease should be considered in patients from endemic regions with otherwise unexplained phrenic nerve palsy. ( info)

5/391. central nervous system infection caused by borrelia burgdorferi. Clinico-pathological correlation of three post-mortem cases.

    The spirochete borrelia burgdorferi (B. burgdorferi) may cause severe meningoencephalomyelitis as the sole manifestation of Lyme borreliosis. We would like to present three such cases, where definite neuroborreliosis was clinically diagnosed in two cases and possible neuroborreliosis was recognized in one case. Alive spirochetes were isolated and cultured from blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in both definite cases. B. burgdorferi as the causative agent of the infection was confirmed in CSF by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in one definite case. In the possible case spirochetes were cultured from blood and CSF. Alive spirochetes were not isolated, however anti-B. burgdorferi antibody value in serum was significantly elevated. On necropsy gross examination brain edema without focal changes was detected in two cases. Cerebral atrophy was seen in Case 3. Microscopically, lymphocytic infiltrates, microglial diffuse and nodular activation, spongiform changes, diffuse demyelination of the cerebral and cerebellar white matter, and diffuse astrocytosis, were characteristic pathological features in all presented cases. Multifocal, perivascular degenerative changes in the cerebral and cerebellar white matter were observed in the first case. Inflammatory changes in the nuclei and roots of cranial nerves were present in the third case. ( info)

6/391. ceftriaxone associated hemolysis.

    A 48-year-old immunocompetent women treated with ceftriaxone 2 g daily i.v. for late Lyme borreliosis developed severe haemolytic anaemia. The patient had previously received the same antibiotic two times without any side effects. The first clinical signs began to appear on the seventh day of treatment. The patient developed severe anaemia with a haemoglobin level of 45 mg/l on day 10; thereafter she ceased to receive the antibiotic. The outcome was favourable. The clinical course and serologic results suggest that severe anaemia was induced by ceftriaxone and that drug adsorption as well as immune complex mechanisms were involved in the pathogenesis. ( info)

7/391. Lyme carditis: complete AV dissociation with episodic asystole presenting as syncope in the emergency department.

    We report a case of Lyme carditis in an otherwise-healthy young male who presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with syncope and a possible seizure. This patient, without documented history of lyme disease, acutely developed third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block with episodic asystole, which required placement of a transvenous pacemaker in the ED and resolved only after the patient had been placed on ceftriaxone. We discuss the significance of Lyme carditis and its increasing prevalence, and review the current literature. We also recommend appropriate screening modalities for patients with known lyme disease, or an atypical profile for cardiac abnormalities. ( info)

8/391. cutis laxa acquisita: is there any association with borrelia burgdorferi?

    We report the first case of an acquired form of generalized cutis laxa which has positive serology and a positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) result for lyme borreliosis. A 44-year-old man complained of excessively loose skin for four years and had no family history of any skin disease. Dermatological examination showed lax and wrinkled skin all over the body (especially on the cheeks and the intertriginous areas). Positive serology for lyme borreliosis and the presence of borrelia burgdorferi dna which was demonstrated by nested PCR in this acquired form of cutis laxa is interesting since it has not been reported in literature previously. ( info)

9/391. Identification of candidate T-cell epitopes and molecular mimics in chronic Lyme disease.

    Elucidating the cellular immune response to infectious agents is a prerequisite for understanding disease pathogenesis and designing effective vaccines. In the identification of microbial T-cell epitopes, the availability of purified or recombinant bacterial proteins has been a chief limiting factor. In chronic infectious diseases such as lyme disease, immune-mediated damage may add to the effects of direct infection by means of molecular mimicry to tissue autoantigens. Here, we describe a new method to effectively identify both microbial epitopes and candidate autoantigens. The approach combines data acquisition by positional scanning peptide combinatorial libraries and biometric data analysis by generation of scoring matrices. In a patient with chronic neuroborreliosis, we show that this strategy leads to the identification of potentially relevant T-cell targets derived from both borrelia burgdorferi and the host. We also found that the antigen specificity of a single T-cell clone can be degenerate and yet the clone can preferentially recognize different peptides derived from the same organism, thus demonstrating that flexibility in T-cell recognition does not preclude specificity. This approach has potential applications in the identification of ligands in infectious diseases, tumors and autoimmune diseases. ( info)

10/391. Frightening dreams and spells: a case of ventricular asystole from lyme disease.

    We present a case of a 20-year-old woman who presented with a febrile illness, frightening dreams and repeated short episodes of apparent seizure activity. Third degree heart block and ventricular asystole were noted on the monitor when the patient experienced a spell during conscious sedation for a lumbar puncture. The combination of heart block and a predominantly lymphocytic cerebrospinal fluid led to the diagnosis of lyme disease. Lyme titres were strongly positive and subsequently confirmed by Western Blot analysis. Cardiac aetiologies and specifically heart block associated with lyme disease should be considered in patients from endemic areas presenting with fever and unexplained spells or seizure-like activity. ( info)
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