Cases reported "melanoma"

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11/3479. Metastatic melanoma to the skin simulating blue nevus.

    Cutaneous metastases from melanoma can mimic primary melanoma and melanocytic nevi. Recognition of a metastatic lesion is of great importance for proper staging and treatment decisions. In this study, a potential diagnostic pitfall is described and discussed: dermal metastases from cutaneous melanoma simulating blue nevus, a phenomenon that has received little attention. Ten blue nevus-like lesions from three patients are presented. All contained pigmented melanocytes and melanophages in variable proportions arranged in a blue nevus-like growth pattern. The blue nevus-like metastases occurred in the same anatomic region as the primary tumor or, as in one patient, near the skin scar of a dissected lymph node metastasis. Histologic clues of metastatic melanoma included the presence of atypical epithelioid melanocytes, mitotic figures, and an associated inflammatory cell infiltrate at the periphery of the lesion. Although such histologic features facilitate the recognition of a metastasis, clinical correlation is essential for a definitive diagnosis. ( info)

12/3479. Iridocorneal melanoma associated with type 1 neurofibromatosis: a clinicopathologic study.

    OBJECTIVE: A clinicopathologic study of an iridocorneal melanoma associated with type 1 (peripheral) neurofibromatosis is presented. DESIGN: Case report with clinicopathologic correlation. PARTICIPANT: A 32-year-old white woman with type 1 neurofibromatosis presented with long-standing blindness of her right eye due to diffuse intrastromal brown corneal discoloration. INTERVENTION: The patient underwent penetrating keratoplasty and the corneal button was inspected. RESULTS: Histopathologic evaluation of the corneal button after penetrating keratoplasty revealed an intrastromal mixed-type malignant melanoma, which stained positively with HMB-45 and S-100 protein and spared the corneal epithelium and limbus. The corneal graft remained transparent, with best-corrected visual acuity of 20/30. Twenty-two months after surgery, the tumor involved the anterior chamber angle and the iris. Three years later, it caused refractory glaucoma necessitating enucleation. The iris tumor did not extend beyond the iris-lens diaphragm and showed the same cytologic features as the corneal stromal tumor. CONCLUSION: To our best knowledge, this is the first report of iridocorneal melanoma associated with peripheral neurofibromatosis. The location of the tumor in the deep corneal stroma, without initial macroscopic involvement of the angle or iris, may suggest that the corneal portion of the tumor may have developed "in situ" rather than as an extension of iris melanoma. The common origin of melanoma cells and schwann cells from the neural crest and the proliferation of the schwann cells in neurofibromatosis provides additional support for this hypothesis. ( info)

13/3479. Inflammatory metastatic melanoma.

    An 87-year-old woman developed erythema, induration and tenderness of the skin overlying each breast. One year before, she had undergone an axillary lymph node dissection because of metastases from melanoma. The primary site was unknown. A skin biopsy showed pigmented tumor nests within the dermal lymphatic vessels, and immunohistochemistry confirmed the melanocytic origin. The diagnosis of inflammatory metastatic melanoma was made. ( info)

14/3479. Papillary formations in metastatic melanoma.

    Cytomorphologic features of melanoma can be extremely variable, in that they can mimic other poorly differentiated neoplasms. Ten cases of metastatic melanoma with distinct, cohesive, papillary tissue fragments observed in fine-needle aspiration (FNA) specimens are reported. These papillary fragments exhibited a central fibrovascular core with attached tumor cells, in a background of single scattered malignant cells, macrophages, and focal necrosis. The aspiration sites included regional or distant palpable lymph nodes, pancreas, bone, and skin. Nine cases had a histologic diagnosis of primary cutaneous melanoma, and in one case the primary skin tumor was detected after the diagnosis was established by FNA of the metastasis. Immunohistochemical studies (S-100 protein, HMB-45 antigen, and factor viii) were performed in four cases, and electron microscopy in one, confirming the diagnosis of melanoma. An awareness of this cytomorphologic variation of papillary formations in cytology preparations from metastatic melanoma is important and can prevent potential inaccurate interpretation. ( info)

15/3479. Metastatic melanoma of the vulva identified by peritoneal fluid cytology.

    Malignant melanoma of the vulva is an uncommon disease, with a significant portion of cases demonstrating metastasis to inguinal lymph nodes with potential distal spread. Identification of such metastases often requires fine-needle aspiration or biopsy. The cytologic diagnosis of metastatic vulvar melanoma from peritoneal effusions has not been previously described. We present the case of a 54-yr-old woman who underwent en bloc radical vulvectomy with bilateral inguinal lymphadenectomy for melanoma of the right labium minora. No evidence of metastatic disease was identified, and all surgical margins were free of tumor. Despite chemotherapy, the patient returned approximately 2 yr later with abdominal pain and distention. Computed tomography revealed marked ascites and three hepatic lesions. Cytologic examination of the ascites revealed recurrent, metastatic melanoma. Although very rare, metastatic melanoma of the vulva may present as a malignant effusion. In such an event, the diagnosis may be rendered by exfoliative cytology. ( info)

16/3479. Cytologic diagnosis of metastatic ovarian adenocarcinoma in the urinary bladder: a case report and review of the literature.

    A 53-yr-old woman with a 13-mo history of recurrent ovarian papillary serous adenocarcinoma presented with persistent microscopic hematuria. The patient was undergoing chemotherapy for her recurrent ovarian tumor when she was referred to the urology service for microscopic hematuria. An intravenous pyelogram was normal. cystoscopy was performed, as well as a urinary bladder washing and mucosal biopsies for examination. adenocarcinoma similar to the patient's primary ovarian tumor was detected in both cytology and histopathology specimens. Ovarian carcinoma comprises 1.3-4.0% of all metastatic neoplasms to the urinary bladder and is an important consideration in the differential diagnosis of a cytologic finding of adenocarcinoma in urine specimens of female patients, where it accounts for an even higher percentage of cases (1 of 3 adenocarcinoma diagnoses in a series of 4,677 urine specimens from female patients). ( info)

17/3479. A case of a malignant melanoma with late metastases 16 years after the initial surgery.

    We report a case of a pulmonary metastasis 16 years after the initial surgery for a malignant melanoma. The patient was a 58-year-old Japanese man. In 1976, he had a pigmented skin lesion with a diameter of 8 mm on his right third finger. He received an amputation of the finger and a dissection of the right axillary. Histological examinations of the tumor revealed a feature of a malignant melanoma with infiltration of the papillary layers of the dermis, 1.5 mm in thickness. The histological subtype was considered to be an acral lentiginous melanoma with a mixed spindle-epithelioid cell pattern. There was no regional lymph node metastasis. In December 1992, when he was 74-years-old, a round tumor in the left lower lung was discovered by chest radiography. In February 1993, he received a left lower lobectomy of the lung. Histological examination revealed a feature of a malignant melanoma with predominantly epithelioid cells and this was considered to be a metastasis from the initial skin lesion. Five months after the lobectomy, he died from a hemorrhage of a metastatic brain tumor. This case indicated the importance of periodic, life-long follow-up in treating malignant melanomas. ( info)

18/3479. Radioactive phosphorus uptake testing of choroidal lesions. A report of two false-negative tests.

    Two false-negative results from 32P testing for histologically verified malignant melanomas of the choroid are reported. In the first case, a haemorrhagic choroidal detachment caused an increase in probe; additionally, the tumour was necrotic. Both factors are likely to have contributed to the false-negative result. A satisfactory explanation for the false-negative result in the second case was not determined, although it may have accurately reflected a period of minimal tumour activity, inasmuch as repeat 32P testing was strongly positive eight months later, when unequivocal evidence of tumour growth was present. An alternative explanation is that the orally administered 32P was incompletely absorbed. Since 32P testing is frequently accompanied by significant manipulation both in the manoeuvre associated with tumour localization and in that associated with the actual radioactive counting, it would seem desirable to perform indicated enucleation immediately after completion of the 32P testing. While the properly performed 32P test remains a valuable diagnostic test for helping to establish the presence or absence of malignancies of the posterior globe, it is important to guard against the tendency to underestimate careful clinical evaluation. ( info)

19/3479. Acute tumor lysis syndrome associated with concurrent biochemotherapy of metastatic melanoma: a case report and review of the literature.

    BACKGROUND: Treatment of solid tumors rarely has been associated with tumor lysis syndrome. However, to the authors' knowledge the clinical scenario has not been reported previously in melanoma patients. methods: A patient with bulky metastatic melanoma was treated with concurrent biochemotherapy using interleukin-2, interferon-alpha, and a combination of cisplatin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine. RESULTS: Within 24 hours of the initiation of treatment, brisk tumor lysis occurred and led to a fatal outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Improvements in the treatment of solid tumors may increase the incidence of tumor lysis syndrome for tumors once believed to be marginally responsive. Oncologists should remain cognizant of this problem as more active regimens become available. ( info)

20/3479. Cerebral metastasis presenting with altitudinal field defect.

    A 75-year-old man presented with a unilateral inferior altitudinal visual field defect and a history of weight loss and night sweats. The acuity in the affected eye was 20/200, otherwise his ocular examination was normal. neuroimaging demonstrated a post-fixed chiasm, with a frontal metastasis compressing the intracerebral portion of the optic nerve. A chest x-ray showed classical cannon ball lesions, secondary to malignant melanoma. This is the first case report of an intracerebral tumor producing an inferior altitudinal field defect. ( info)
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