Cases reported "migraine with aura"

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1/71. Recurrent episodes of coma: an unusual phenotype of familial hemiplegic migraine with linkage to chromosome 1.

    Over a period of ten years, a boy had several episodes of coma, lasting three to five days. Each episode was preceded by hemiparesis or paresthesias, aphasia, headaches and behavioural changes, with subsequent loss of consciousness. Partial seizures occurred during the first episode. A history of migraine or hemiplegic migraine was found in several members of the family. Linkage to chromosome 1q21-23, where a gene for familial hemiplegic migraine has been mapped, was shown in this family. ( info)

2/71. Loss of topographic memory and prosopagnosia during migraine aura.

    We report the case of a 28-year-old woman with a past history of acephalalgic migraine. She had a complex migraine aura with left-sided scintillating scotomas, hemianopia, left-sided paresthesias, a loss of topographic and procedural memory, and prosopagnosia. The rarity of right hemisphere cognitive dysfunction during the aura, its diagnostic difficulties, and differential diagnosis are discussed. ( info)

3/71. Migraine with prolonged aura.

    We present the case of a 29-year-old man with a long history of migraine with aura, in whom migraine with prolonged aura was induced after the sudden withdrawal of prophylactic therapy. ( info)

4/71. Daily migraine with aura: a new migraine variant.

    The frequency of migraine attacks is not used as a diagnostic criterion, however, it is a very important factor in the evaluation of migraine severity and its treatment. Several studies report the frequency of migraine attacks using the International headache Society criteria. No investigator, however, has reported daily migraine attacks. In the current report, we present five patients whose headaches transformed from episodic migraine to daily migraine with aura. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first description of this variant of migraine. The symptoms in all the patients described comply strictly with the International headache Society criteria for the diagnosis of migraine with typical aura. An interesting additional observation concerns the beneficial effect of phenytoin, a drug that has not proved to be effective in migraine but showed some efficacy in our patients. ( info)

5/71. case reports: postpartum cerebral angiopathy in a patient with chronic migraine with aura.

    A 25-year-old woman with a history of chronic severe migraine with aura presented in an apoplectic state 1 week after the delivery of her third child. She developed a severe headache and within hours lapsed into a coma. A CT scan of the brain showed cerebral edema and an occipital hemorrhage. A four-vessel angiogram showed diffuse arterial narrowing of all the intracranial vessels with segmental narrowing of the suprasellar portion of the internal carotid arteries bilaterally. She had no risk factors for stroke or vasculitis. Her pregnancy and delivery were uneventful with no preeclampsia or eclampsia. Apart from ergometrine at the time of the delivery, no vasoconstrictor drugs were used. She recovered spontaneously. Serial CT scans of the brain demonstrated resolution of the edema and hemorrhage with the development of cortical and watershed infarcts. A repeat cerebral angiogram was normal. She was, therefore, diagnosed as having suffered from postpartum cerebral angiopathy, a form of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction, called the Call or Call-Fleming syndrome. The relationship between migraine and postpartum angiopathy in the development of reversible cerebral vasoconstriction is discussed. ( info)

6/71. Alternate numbness in the upper extremities as the initial symptom of basilar migraine: an electrophysiological evaluation using EEG power topography.

    A case of basilar migraine (BM) with alternate numbness as the initial symptom is described. The patient's chief complaint was alternate numbness in the right and left upper extremities. After angiography the patient fell into a drowsy state, followed by excitation, and finally confusion. The EEG power topography showed slow alpha, theta and delta power in the right occipital area, and alternatively in the right and left parietal area. These findings suggest that the cause of BM is not only based on a vasoconstriction mechanism, but also cortical spreading depression. BM should be suspected as a cause of sensory symptoms. ( info)

7/71. migraine with aura after administration of sublingual nitroglycerin tablets.

    As a nitric oxide donor, nitroglycerin can trigger migraine in migraineurs. The headache is not characteristically accompanied by an aura. A patient with no personal or family history of migraine reported the development of a typical visual aura and a throbbing headache while using nitroglycerin for angina pectoris. The possible mechanisms are discussed. ( info)

8/71. subarachnoid hemorrhage or migraine?

    The differential diagnosis of "the worst headache of my life" is illustrated by the following history. ( info)

9/71. Daily migraine with visual aura associated with an occipital arteriovenous malformation.

    A 51-year-old woman with daily attacks of migraine with visual aura is described. The aura always occurred on the right and the headache always on the left side of the head, suggesting a structural lesion in the left occipital lobe. The lesion appeared to be an arteriovenous malformation of which almost full obliteration resulted in a decrease in frequency of the aura and in intensity of the headache. Subsequent treatment of borderline hypothyroidism with levothyroxine brought about a dramatic improvement in frequency of both the aura and the headache. The case is discussed in the light of our present understanding of the pathogenesis of the migraine attack. ( info)

10/71. Migrainous aura versus transient ischemic attack in an elderly migraineur.

    In older patients with migraine, the distinction between a migrainous aura and a transient ischemic episode can be difficult, as this case illustrates. ( info)
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