Cases reported "Mouth, Edentulous"

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1/69. Patient management and decision making in complete denture fabrication using a duplicate denture procedure: a clinical report.

    A patient may have difficulty adapting to a new prosthesis for either physical or psychological reasons. This article describes a procedure for duplicating an existing denture and gives the practitioner an alternative to the traditional denture fabrication techniques. The duplicated denture fabrication technique minimizes the changes to the new denture, making it easier for the patient to adapt to new dentures. However, in-depth communication with the patient is necessary for successful denture therapy. ( info)

2/69. actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans-associated peri-implantitis in an edentulous patient. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: peri-implantitis is a risk factor for implant loss. Late bacterial infection of the peri-implant tissues and loss of alveolar bone in edentulous patients is caused by commensal oral anaerobic bacteria. In partially edentulous patients, porphyromonas gingivalis and occasionally actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans are associated with peri-implantitis lesions. AIMS: To investigate the microbiology of a peri-implantitis case in an edentulous patient. methods: Anaerobic culture techniques and selective culture techniques for A. actinomycetemcomitans were used to study the peri-implant microflora at sites with and without bone loss. RESULTS: An anaerobic peri-implant microflora with several putative periodontal pathogens was found at sites with bone loss. Furthermore, a metronidazole-resistant A. actinomycetemcomitans was isolated. The A. actinomycetemcomitans infection did not respond to systemic doxycycline therapy, despite good susceptibility in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: The present case of severe A. actinomycetemcomitans-associated peri-implantitis shows the importance of pre-operative infection control. The findings in this case show that remaining teeth affected by periodontitis can be a serious risk factor for peri-implantitis. ( info)

3/69. Surgical simulation of Class III edentulous patient using a 3D craniofacial model: report of a case.

    A case of edentulous prognathism in a 46-year-old Japanese male is presented. We described the outcome of the patient who underwent simultaneous sagittal splitting ramus osteotomy of the edentulous mandible, interpositional bone graft of severely atrophic edentulous jaws, and delayed placement of titanium implants for reconstruction. We highly recommend performing a surgical simulation using a craniofacial model of the patient's anatomy created using CT image data. The procedure provides almost ideal maxillary and mandibular contours. ( info)

4/69. Advanced alveolar crest atrophy: an alternative treatment technique for maxilla and mandible.

    A concept of oral implantology for the treatment of advanced crest atrophy is presented: The lateral insertion technique with disk-design implants is less invasive than bone grafting. An implant case demonstrates the simultaneous surgery of an edentulous maxilla and a mandible. Implant loading zones in the anterior and posterior areas of the arch are created with disk-design implants. Their support is tricortical or multicortical. Seven to eight days after surgery, the implants are immediately loaded with fixed esthetic temporaries. After another 40 days, the definitive restorations on the implants can be fabricated. The procedure is safe and shortens chairtime. ( info)

5/69. Oral rehabilitation using osseointegrated implants in a patient with idiopathic torsion dystonia.

    Idiopathic torsion dystonia is a motor syndrome characterized by dystonic movements and postures in the absence of other neurologic deficits. The condition involves prolonged spasms of muscle contraction that distort the body into typical postures. Such distortions involving the head and the neck make conventional denture use in edentulous patients very difficult. The present paper reports on a patient with idiopathic torsion dystonia who was treated with a mandibular overdenture supported by endosteal implants, which enabled the establishment of a stable occlusion and improved the dynamics of the masticatory muscles for chewing. ( info)

6/69. A clinical report about an unusual occurrence of post-anesthetic tongue swelling.

    dentures are routinely removed from the oral cavity before general anesthetic procedures. They are only reinserted much later when the patient returns to the room. This clinical report describes an edentulous patient who developed acute tongue swelling from venous congestion as a result of tongue recovery from general anesthesia. Her complete dentures were used to separate the residual ridges during the recovery period and relieved the congestion. Denture insertion increased the height and volume of the oral cavity, which reduced pressure on the tongue, preventing a cycle of tongue compression, congestion, and swelling. This unusual complication suggests that it may be prudent for the edentulous patient to be accompanied by their dentures in the perioperative period. ( info)

7/69. Fixed prosthodontics for the edentulous patient.

    A case report is used to demonstrate the prosthetic treatment to restore a fully edentulous patient with fixed partial dentures. A rationale for the use of adequate foundations, connections, fixed prostheses, and occlusion is described for this patient. ( info)

8/69. Immediate loading of dental implants in the edentulous mandible: a preliminary case report from an international prospective multicenter study.

    The ability to predictably achieve long-term osseointegration in patients with compromised anatomical resources has been demonstrated numerous times in modern oral implantology. Recently, clinical attention has focused on new methods of reducing treatment time. One-stage surgical procedures and immediate loading of implants at the time of placement are two techniques that have demonstrated promising clinical results. A prospective clinical study of immediately splinting and loading a new, one-stage implant is currently in progress in the united states and france. An overview of the implant design and presentation of one case study from the University of Pittsburgh demonstrates how this promising technique is performed. ( info)

9/69. Prosthodontic management of a patient with neurological disorders after resection of an acoustic neurinoma: a clinical report.

    This clinical report describes the treatment of an edentulous patient who had undergone resection of an acoustic neurinoma and subsequently developed neurological problems. A replacement maxillary denture combined with a mandibular denture placed in the neutral zone was selected as the treatment of choice. A simple procedure for recording the neutral zone is presented. ( info)

10/69. Treatment of an edentulous patient with a dry mouth.

    Dental health professionals are being asked to care for a growing number and range of medically compromised patients living with chronic health problems. Although tooth loss overall has declined in the united states, millions of persons, particularly those of more advanced age, still require treatment for the edentulous condition. Particular challenges are faced when this oral state is combined with a complex medical history. The primary learning objective for this case is to increase your general knowledge of and skills in the dental management of the complete denture patient with a dry mouth. ( info)
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