Cases reported "Mumps"

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1/114. Acute dysautonomia following mumps.

    Pure acute or subacute dysautonomia is a rare entity. Its etiology is as yet unknown. However, majority of these cases have a preceding viral infection such as herpes simplex, infectious mononucleosis, rubella or coxsackie B. A unique patient in whom acute dysautonomia followed mumps is reported. ( info)

2/114. Mumps interstitial nephritis: a case report.

    Mumps is still a common childhood disease in rural areas where mumps vaccination is not widespread. A 14-year-old girl with fatal interstitial nephritis as a complication of mumps is reported. The patient had not been vaccinated with mumps vaccine and had contracted mumps during a village epidemic. The illness began with parotitis, and renal insufficiency developed within a week. The patient's renal function rapidly deteriorated and the outcome was fatal. The postmortem renal necropsy sample demonstrated interstitial mononuclear cell infiltration, edema, and focal tubular epithelial cell damage, confirming the clinical diagnosis. In developing countries routine mumps vaccination may help to prevent possible fatal complications of mumps. Furthermore, patients with mumps, especially complicated cases, should be followed closely. ( info)

3/114. hydrocephalus: a fatal late consequence of mumps encephalitis.

    Common and usually self-limited diseases may occasionally have fatal consequences. hydrocephalus is a very rare complication of mumps, with just a few cases reported in the literature. Here we report a fatal case of hydrocephalus presenting 19 years after mumps encephalitis. The long latency period between encephalitis and hydrocephalus-associated symptoms makes this case particularly interesting. ( info)

4/114. Fatal mumps nephritis and myocarditis.

    The case of a 14-year-old girl with fatal interstitial nephritis and myocarditis as complications of mumps is reported. The illness began with parotitis; renal symptoms developed within a week. The patient's renal and cardiac status and clinical course rapidly deteriorated and the outcome was fatal. The post-mortem renal biopsy sample showed interstitial mononuclear cell infiltration, oedema, and focal tubular epithelial damage in biopsy material of kidney, confirming the clinical diagnosis. myocarditis was determined by electrocardiographic and echocardiographic findings. Since it has been reported that fatal complications such as myocarditis, dilated cardiomyopathy, and nephritis may develop in the course of mumps, the patients with mumps, especially in complicated cases, should be followed closely because of the severe clinical conditions which may progress. ( info)

5/114. Mumps hemiplegia.

    Neurological involvement of mumps is commonly restricted to aseptic meningitis. However, rarely mumps is associated with more severe encephalitic illness; other known associations described with mumps are cases of transverse myelitis and Gullain Barre like illness. We report a case of hemiplegia due to mumps parotitis probably caused by involvement of carotid artery. ( info)

6/114. An adult case of mumps brainstem encephalitis.

    We present an adult case of mumps brainstem encephalitis. He was successfully treated with steroid pulse therapy and recovered completely except for persistent dysuria. He had not been vaccinated and had no history of acute mumps infection. We consider that encephalitis in this case was caused by a reversible autoimmune process triggered by mumps infection. We emphasize the usefulness of pulse therapy for the treatment of some cases of mumps brainstem encephalitis in addition to the importance of mumps vaccination to prevent such a severe complication as encephalitis. ( info)

7/114. Retinopathy following measles, mumps, and rubella vaccination in an immuno-incompetent girl.

    We describe a 4-year-old girl with subnormal visual acuity due to a bilateral retinopathy. The child had a history of encephalitis following MMR vaccination. Temporary retinopathy associated with measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccination has been described. Recently an idiopathic CD4 T lymphocytopenia in the child was diagnosed. This cellular immunodeficiency supports our hypothesis of measles retinopathy after vaccination of an immuno-deficient child. ( info)

8/114. mumps virus neutralizing antibodies do not protect against reinfection with a heterologous mumps virus genotype.

    In April 1999, a previously healthy 22-year-old woman was taken ill with fever and bilateral swelling of the parotid glands. A chronic course of disease extending from April to December was found with swelling of the parotid glands, fatigue, low grade fever, episodes of tachycardia and nightswetting. mumps virus rna of genotype A character based on the SH (small hydrophobic) protein gene classification was demonstrated in three serum samples collected during the course of clinical disease. Different criteria for reinfection were fulfilled including demonstration of IgG antibodies by ELISA in a preinfection serum sample. The preinfection serum sample of the patient was able to efficiently neutralize the infectivity of a heterologous genotype D strain but was unable to neutralize the homologous genotype A virus. The findings in the present study may offer an explanation of a mechanism behind previously observed vaccine failures and the occurrence of reinfection with heterologous mumps virus strains. ( info)

9/114. Mumps with cerebellar encephalitis.

    A 30 years male patient, having typical symptoms of mumps, presented with acute cerebellar ataxia two days after the onset of parotid enlargement. The neurological symptoms showed complete recovery over the subsequent six weeks, suggestive of para-infectious cerebellar demyelination due to mumps. ( info)

10/114. thyroiditis as a presenting feature of mumps.

    thyroiditis complicating mumps is rare and occurs 1 week after the parotitis. A 9-year-old boy with a history of contact with a case of mumps presented with thyroid swelling. Thyroid scan showed a diffusely reduced uptake. The aspiration cytology showed lymphocytic thyroiditis. thyroid function tests were normal and antithyroid antibodies were absent. parotitis occurred 12 days after the onset of thyroiditis. ( info)
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