Cases reported "myocarditis"

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1/846. Fatal serratia marcescens meningitis and myocarditis in a patient with an indwelling urinary catheter.

    serratia marcescens is commonly isolated from the urine of patients with an indwelling urinary catheter and in the absence of symptoms is often regarded as a contaminant. A case of fatal serratia marcescens septicaemia with meningitis, brain abscesses, and myocarditis discovered at necropsy is described. The patient was an 83 year old man with an indwelling urinary catheter who suffered from several chronic medical conditions and from whose urine serratia marcescens was isolated at the time of catheterisation. serratia marcescens can be a virulent pathogen in particular groups of patients and when assessing its significance in catheter urine specimens, consideration should be given to recognised risk factors such as old age, previous antibiotic treatment, and underlying chronic or debilitating disease, even in the absence of clinical symptoms. ( info)

2/846. Acute rheumatic fever with three major criteria: polyarthritis, carditis and chorea. A case report.

    An eight-year-old girl is presented with three major criteria of acute rheumatic fever: polyarthritis, carditis and chorea. The diagnosis was confirmed with a history of pharyngitis 15 days prior to admission and with the findings of positive acute phase reactants such as elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and c-reactive protein (CRP), elevated anti-streptolysin-O (ASO) titration, and clinical findings of polyarthritis, carditis and chorea. Patient responded well to salicylate and phenobarbital treatment. The rare association of these three major criteria in acute rheumatic fever is emphasized. ( info)

3/846. Postpartum onset of acute heart failure possibly due to postpartum autoimmune myocarditis. A report of three cases.

    autoimmune diseases, especially autoimmune thyroid disease, frequently develop after delivery due to the immune rebound mechanism. Most cases have transient dysfunction of affected organs. Cardiac dysfunction developed after delivery is called postpartum or peripartum cardiomyopathy. However, the aetiology of the disease is not clarified yet. Here we report three cases that developed acute heart failure in the postpartum period. One was complicated with an atrioventricular block and postpartum autoimmune thyroiditis. All patients recovered to normal cardiac function or pre-attack condition after 1 month of therapy with conventional drugs and bed rest. All three had positive antiheart antibody detected by indirect immunofluorescence assay, and one had antibody to heart myosin detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Moreover, one of two patients examined revealed lymphocytic infiltration by endomyocardial biopsy. antibodies to 26 viruses were not elevated significantly during the first 2 weeks after admission in any case. It is strongly suggested that heart failure is induced by postpartum autoimmune myocarditis, and thus clinicians should be aware of this disease. ( info)

4/846. A case of eosinophilic myocarditis complicated by Kimura's disease (eosinophilic hyperplastic lymphogranuloma) and erythroderma.

    This report describes a patient with eosinophilic myocarditis complicated by Kimura's disease (eosinophilic hyperplastic lymphogranuloma) and erythroderma. A 50-year-old man presented with a complaint of precordial pain. However, the only abnormal finding on examinatioin was eosinophilia (1617 eosinophils/microl). Three years later, the patient developed chronic eczema, and was diagnosed with erythroderma posteczematosa. One year later, a tumor was detected in the right auricule, and a diagnosis of Kimura's disease was made, based on the biopsy findings. The patient developed progressive dyspnea 6 months later and was found to have cardiomegaly and a depressed left ventricular ejection fraction (17%). A diagnosis of eosinophilic myocarditis was made based on the results of a right ventricular endomyocardial biopsy. The eosinophilic myocarditis and erythrodrema were treated with steroids with improvement of both the eosinophilia and left ventricular function. ( info)

5/846. Intrapericardial yolk sac tumor associated with acute myocarditis.

    An occult intrapericardial yolk sac tumor occurred in a 3-year-old girl with a fatal outcome. At autopsy, a 5.5-cm mass surrounded the base of the heart and compressed the left atrium posteriorly. Histologically, the tumor was a pure yolk sac tumor. Postmortem chemical analyses of the blood revealed an alpha-fetoprotein level greater than 7000 microg/L. Acute myocarditis of both ventricles was also found. ( info)

6/846. myocarditis of mixed connective tissue disease: favourable outcome after intravenous pulsed cyclophosphamide.

    A 30-year-old woman with mixed connective tissue disease was admitted with Wernicke's aphasia and progressive dyspnoea with chest pain. Multiple brain infarcts on a computed tomographic scan were compatible with a thromboembolic aetiology. echocardiography showed marked hypokinesia of the posterior wall, biventricular dilatation and a decreased left-ventricle ejection fraction (40%). A diagnosis of myocarditis was made on myocardial biopsies disclosing interstitial lymphocytic infiltrates and myocardial fibre necrosis. A treatment with steroids and monthly pulsed cyclophosphamide was introduced. The heart function rapidly improved as assessed by a left-ventricle ejection fraction of 55% and remained stable 17 months thereafter. ( info)

7/846. Macro creatine kinase in Kawasaki disease.

    This report describes a case of Kawasaki disease with macro creatine kinase (CK). A 13-month-old boy developed typical symptoms of Kawasaki disease and was treated with flurbiprofen, dipyridamole, and intravenous gamma-globulin. The serum level of CK increased during treatment from 371 U/L, at 4 days after the onset of Kawasaki disease, to 13,222 U/L 3 days later. Immunofixation electrophoresis identified macro CK as containing immunoglobulin a (kappa, lambda). The presence of macro CK may result from muscle tissue involvement in Kawasaki disease. ( info)

8/846. parvovirus B19 infection associated with myocarditis following adult cardiac transplantation.

    A 56-year-old woman underwent an uneventful cardiac transplantation due to dilated cardiomyopathy. One week later the patient developed clinical and histological signs of myocarditis. We report for the first time a case of myocarditis in an adult heart transplant recipient, possibly induced by parvovirus B19, as evidenced by the finding of specific IgM in serum and specific dna in the myocardial cells. Furthermore, this is the first time parvovirus B19 dna has been observed in the myocardium of an adult. In conclusion, parvovirus B19 should be recognized as a potential pathogen causing myocarditis in heart transplant recipients. In order to establish a definite and rapid diagnosis, a search for specific IgM should be supplemented with PCR investigations of serum and myocardial biopsies when available. ( info)

9/846. Doppler aortic flow pattern in the recovering heart treated by cardiac extracorporeal membrane oxygenation International Society for artificial organs.

    A 39-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of chest pain and was diagnosed with severe heart failure due to viral myocarditis. Intraaortic balloon pumping (IABP) and cardiac extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) were employed. Using Doppler echocardiography, we evaluated the descending aortic blood flow pattern. When cardiac ECMO was initiated from the right femoral artery, a strong backflow of blood generated by the pump was observed in the abdominal aorta because the forward flow from the native heart was weak. Two days later, the blood flow was reversed from the thoracic to abdominal aorta; the natural flow was strengthened because the native heart had improved. The observation of this phenomenon is helpful for determining the recovery of cardiac function under cardiac ECMO support. ( info)

10/846. The successful containment of coxsackie B4 infection in a neonatal unit.

    This report describes the containment of a potential enterovirus epidemic in a neonatal intensive care unit. A case of neonatal enterovirus meningitis and myocarditis was identified. polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to assist in appropriate cohorting of contacts. One further infant became cross-infected with Coxsackie B4. serum PCR was accurate in detecting the infection in the early stages in this asymptomatic neonate. Neonatal enterovirus infection is relatively rare but has the potential to cause outbreaks in neonatal wards. PCR can be used to diagnose and monitor for cross infection. ( info)
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