Cases reported "Myositis Ossificans"

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1/259. Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva and associated osteochondroma of the coronoid process in a child.

    The article reports the occurrence of osteochondroma in a fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva patient. A 5-year-old boy presented with limited mouth opening and firm swelling of the right zygomatic complex area. The boy had bilateral hallux valgus of the great toes and heterotopic endochondral ossification of facial and neck regions. Associated osteochondroma of the coronoid process and aggressive heterotopic ossification of masticatory and neck muscles were found in response to traumatic injuries. Natural and clinical histories of fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva were reviewed. An early diagnosis and avoidance of factors that aggravate ossification are key factors in reducing the expected degree of physical disabilities of patients. An early recognition of congenital skeletal deformities, early detection of abnormal ossification, and awareness of the disease by the involved physicians are important factors in the early diagnosis of the disease and in reducing any unnecessary trauma. Bone scintigrams and CT scans are effective noninvasive tools for an early detection of ossification and for monitoring the progression of the disease. Further investigation of its pathogenesis at a molecular level is important to understand better the nature of the disease and to develop an effective treatment protocol. ( info)

2/259. Drug inducted bone changes in myositis ossificans progressiva.

    Dermineralization and disorganized bone growth may result in children treated with diphosphonates. ( info)

3/259. myositis ossificans of the hand.

    We present a case of myositis ossificans of the hand and review the clinical, radiological, and histological presentation, as well as the appropriate therapeutic management. ( info)

4/259. myositis ossificans demonstrated by positive gallium-67 and technetium-99m-HMDP bone imaging but negative technetium-99m-MIBI imaging.

    gallium-67-citrate and 99mTc-diphosphate bone imaging agents are localized in myositis ossificans, a tumor-like benign soft-tissue mass that makes it impossible to differentiate between malignant tumor and the infection/inflammatory process. We present such a myositis ossificans patient whose bone and 67Ga-citrate imagings showed increased uptake in the left thigh and two foci of the right gluteal region leading to inconclusive results. technetium-99m-MIBI imaging showed the absence of substantial uptake in these regions. ACT scan confirmed myositis ossificans. The lack of 99mTc-MIBI uptake in myositis ossificans means that 99mTc-MIBI imaging may be useful in the differential diagnosis. ( info)

5/259. myositis ossificans in the neck.

    myositis ossificans is a non-neoplastic heterotopic bone formation within muscle or soft tissues. The most commonly involved muscles are the muscles of the upper arm and thigh. Occurrence in the head and neck is rarely encountered clinically. A 53-year-old Turkish man (farmer) was operated on for traumatic myositis ossificans circumscripta in his neck. During the operation the mass was found to originate from the scalenus medius muscle and was readily and completely dissected from surrounding tissues. The histologic examination of the specimen revealed focal cartilage and mature bone tissue, which was compatible with the late stage of myositis ossificans. In 5 years of follow-up, the patient has remained asymptomatic and no signs of recurrence have been noted. ( info)

6/259. Cervical myositis ossificans traumatica: a rare location.

    An unusual case of myositis ossificans traumatica lesion located in the paraspinal region is reported. Despite the contiguity of the lesion with the cervical vertebrae and ominous appearance of the biopsy material, the history of antecedent trauma and computed tomography findings allowed preoperative accurate diagnosis. To our knowledge, myositis ossificans traumatica located in the cervical paraspinal region is very rare. ( info)

7/259. magnetic resonance imaging helps in the early diagnosis of myositis ossificans in children.

    Two cases on myositis ossificans circumscripta (MOC) in the arm are reported. Plain X-ray films and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed in both cases. In the first, an intramuscular tumor-like mass without calcifications was found on MRI with soft-tissue edema extension. In the second, MRI disclosed additional bone-marrow edema. The diagnosis of MOC was confirmed by biopsy in one case and by follow-up in the other. MOC is a benign soft-tissue lesion that is rare in children, with an acute course and usually spontaneously favorable evolution. The differential diagnosis from an infection or a malignant tumor remains difficult. The best imaging modalities are conventional radiography and MRI. The MRI patterns of MOC are typical but not pathognomonic; typical MRI findings in conjunction with clinical symptoms during the early phase of MOC permit the postponement of a biopsy or aggressive surgical procedures. Surgery is indicated for cases not showing typical MOC calcifications at a later stage. ( info)

8/259. Mobility challenges and solutions for fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva.

    Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by progressive soft tissue ossification. Although signs may be present at birth, the first appearance of ectopic bone typically occurs in early childhood. The primary target is the axial musculature. Eventually ectopic bone also occurs in ligaments, fascia, aponeurosis, tendons, and joint capsules of the appendicular skeleton with a proximal to distal predilection. As the disease advances, mobility becomes restricted, and affected individuals are typically limited to bed or chair by their early 30s. This report describes a 30-year-old woman with advanced FOP. She had a fused spine and a fixed pelvis, with hips and knees locked in flexion and feet in plantarflexion. Her upper limb mobility was similarly restricted. She was not able to stand upright or sit independently. The modification of a commercially available power wheelchair that allowed the patient to maintain her employment as a preschool teacher and custom shoes are described. Creative physiatric intervention is essential to liberate human potential for people with FOP. ( info)

9/259. Heterotopic mesenteric ossification ('intraabdominal myositis ossificans'): report of five cases.

    Intraabdominal heterotopic ossification is a very uncommon disorder. We report five new cases, review the previous literature, and discuss the clinical and pathologic features of these lesions. The clinical features of the current cases and of those previously reported are remarkably similar. All patients were middle-aged to elderly men (range, 43-80 years; mean, 61 years) who had small bowel obstruction associated with heterotopic bone formation in the small bowel mesentery, often after one or more abdominal operations. In one case, an initial diagnosis of extraosseous osteosarcoma was considered. This unusual reactive process shares many of the clinical and pathologic features of myositis ossificans, as classically described in somatic soft tissues. We propose to designate this condition heterotopic mesenteric ossification. ( info)

10/259. Clinical presentation of fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva: pitfalls in diagnosis.

    A patient presented with a rapidly growing mass in the cervicothoracic paraspinous region. Associated clinical and radiographic skeletal abnormalities and histopathologic findings showing mild to moderate proliferation of spindle cells in a myxoid stroma led to the diagnosis of fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva. Recognizing the clinical features of this disease is important and should avoid the need for obtaining tissue to make the diagnosis, because performing a biopsy may be particularly morbid in these patients. ( info)
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