Cases reported "Myxosarcoma"

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11/35. myxosarcoma of the right ventricle: an immunohistochemical and ultrastructural study.

    BACKGROUND: myxosarcoma is an unusual form of primary cardiac malignancy with few reports in the literature. Although these tumours occur in a similar anatomical distribution to cardiac myxoma, the relationship between these two tumours is uncertain due largely to the limited studies available that characterise the morphological features of myxosarcoma. MATERIALS AND methods: The clinical and pathological features, including immunohistochemical and ultrastructural studies of cardiac myxosarcoma, in a 58-year-old male who died eight months after onset of symptoms are reported. RESULTS: At presentation the tumour was sited in the right ventricle and at post-mortem was found to have extended into the right atrium, pulmonary infundibulum, pulmonary artery, pericardium and pleural cavities. Histologically the tumour was composed of spindle and stellate cells within a myxoid stroma. Ultrastructural studies showed abundant intermediate filaments and vacuoles within the tumour cell cytoplasm, without any evidence of muscle differentiation. Immunohistochemical staining for vimentin and myoglobin was positive, while there was negative expression of desmin, smooth muscle actin, factor viiia, CD34, CD68, S-100 protein, bcl-2 and for epithelial markers. CONCLUSION: Comparison of the morphological findings from the present case with the limited data available suggests that myxosarcoma is not a single tumour entity but a group of tumours of diverse histogenesis. ( info)

12/35. Progression of a myxoid pleomorphic fibroma to myxofibrosarcoma.

    A 75-year-old man presented with a protuberant stable lesion of many years on his left second toe. histology on an incisional biopsy showed myxoid pleomorphic fibroma. Over the subsequent 21 months, the lesion enlarged and became exophytic and irregular. Repeat biopsy showed features consistent with a grade III myxofibrosarcoma. Treatment involved amputation of his toe. Six months later he remains well, with no evidence of local recurrence or systemic spread. ( info)

13/35. Myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma with complex supernumerary ring chromosomes composed of chromosome 3 segments.

    Myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma is a rare, recently described, and distinctive low-grade tumor of soft tissue. To our knowledge, there is only one previous report on the cytogenetics of this tumor. That case showed complex structural abnormalities, including a reciprocal translocation between chromosomes 1 and 10 [t(1;10)(p22;q24)] with loss of chromosomes 3 and 13. We describe here a second case showing supernumerary ring chromosomes, and a derivative chromosome 13, with additional material on the short arm. We conclude that the presence of chromosomal abnormalities supports the neoplastic nature of this tumor and aids in its diagnosis. Furthermore, we also postulate that the finding of ring chromosomes, which have been identified in other low-grade soft-tissue tumors, may have important prognostic implications regarding the aggressiveness of this neoplasm. ( info)

14/35. Giant cell malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the breast: a case report.

    A case of primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the breast is reported. The patient was a 48-yr-old woman with a huge tumor involving almost the entire left breast. The central portion of her left breast was already rotted by extensive necrosis and inflammation. She was treated by radical mastectomy and axillary lymphadenectomy to level I. Pathologic examination supported by an immunohistochemical staining confirmed the tumor as malignant fibrous histiocytoma of giant cell type. Axillary lymph nodes were free from tumor metastasis. She had not taken any postoperative adjuvant therapy. The metastasis to lungs was found 2 months after the operation, and she died within 6 months. ( info)

15/35. Myxoid clear cell sarcoma.

    Clear cell sarcoma is a rare soft-tissue tumor presenting typically in the extremities of young adults. It has been also known as malignant melanoma of the soft parts because of the presence of melanin and cytoplasmic melanosomes. However, clear cell sarcoma is, at present, usually considered as a unique lesion because the t(12;22)(q13;q12) translocation is present only in clear cell sarcoma. Myxoid malignant melanoma is now a well-recognized morphologic variant of malignant melanoma. However, a myxoid variant of clear cell sarcoma has not been well described yet. We report a case of myxoid clear cell sarcoma occurring on the heel in a 22-year-old man. The tumor was composed of nests and fascicles of oval to fusiform cells with clear to pale eosinophilic cytoplasm, often separated by fibrous septa. The tumor cells were reactive for S-100 protein, HMB-45, and MART-1. Variably sized cysts lined by one or several layers of tumor cells were observed. alcian blue and mucicarmine stains demonstrated prominent mucin deposition in the tumor stroma and especially in the lumen of the cysts. fluorescence in situ hybridization for the Ewing sarcoma gene showed rearrangement in nearly all of the neoplastic cells. ( info)

16/35. Myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma of the neck.

    BACKGROUND: Myxoinflammatory fibroblastic sarcoma (MIFS), also named inflammatory myxohyaline tumor of distal extremities with virocyte or reed-sternberg cells, is a rare tumor typically presenting as a painless mass in the extremities. patients: We present an unusual case of MIFS presenting as a subcutaneous neck mass. This is the first reported case of MIFS presenting in the neck. RESULTS: Therefore, this lesion must be considered in the differential diagnosis for painless subcutaneous masses presenting not only in the distal extremities, but also in the neck. CONCLUSION: MIFS has only recently been recognized. The differential diagnosis for MIFS is broad, and it can often be mistaken for several different inflammatory and neoplastic processes, which may require different treatment. ( info)

17/35. Sarcoma of the urinary bladder in the adult. Pathomorphological considerations.

    The author discusses problems of morphological diagnosis and pathogenesis with reference to a case of sarcoma of the urinary bladder presenting the following particularities: exulcerated pedunculate macroscopic aspect, histological leiomyo- and myxosarcomatous differentiation, angiomatous hyperplasia and a late favourable course after partial cystectomy. ( info)

18/35. Stacking of a dermal regeneration template for reconstruction of a soft-tissue defect after tumor excision from the palm of the hand: a case report.

    Excision of tumors from the hand often leaves tissue defects with exposed tendons or neurovascular structures that require coverage. Various types of free and pedicled grafts have been described for use in these situations. We present a patient who had a tumor excision in the hand followed by wound coverage with a stacked dermal regeneration template. A 50-year-old man presented with a mass over the palm of the hand. He had an incisional biopsy procedure, the results of which suggested malignancy. He then had wide excision with planned temporary skin coverage with a dermal regeneration template. The dermal template incorporated nicely. With adequate skin coverage the palmar defect still was substantial in terms of depth. This was raised with layering or stacking of the template followed by a split-thickness skin graft. Excellent wound healing and coverage of the defect ultimately were achieved. Additionally the patient went on to obtain full range of motion. Stacking of a dermal regeneration template coupled with split-thickness skin grafting was used to fill a soft-tissue defect over the median and nerve and flexor tendons after wide tumor excision. ( info)

19/35. Myxoid monophasic synovial sarcoma: case report of an unusual histological variant.

    We report the case of a 61-year-old woman who presented a recurrent myxoid synovial sarcoma involving the right ankle and foot. This tumor, defined as a synovial sarcoma showing more than 50% myxoid change in the stroma, has only recently been described as a rare histological variant. The histological diagnosis is particularly difficult in such cases, as the one we are describing, where the tumor is entirely myxoid and monophasic raising the possibility of other myxoid soft tissue neoplasms, such as extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor or leiomyosarcoma. On the basis of morphological and immunophenotypical findings, the diagnosis of myxoid synovial sarcoma should be properly established, especially in view of its unusual clinical course and treatment. Furthermore, we will discuss the clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features observed in our case. ( info)

20/35. Myxoid tumor of soft tissue.

    Focal myxoid change is a well-recognised feature of synovial sarcoma, but the presence of a predominantly myxoid stroma is rare. We describe a new case of myxoid synovial sarcoma in which marked myxoid change initially obscured the diagnosis leading to confusion with malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor. The patient was a 16 year old man who presented with a left dorsal foot tumor. The diagnosis of synovial sarcoma was suspected on histological and immunohistochemical studies and confirmed with cytogenetic analysis. Recognition of this rare histologic variant of synovial sarcoma is important because it can easily be mistaken for other myxoid spindle cell neoplasms, potentially resulting in suboptimal therapy. ( info)
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