Cases reported "Nephrotic Syndrome"

Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

1/1179. Primary perireticulin amyloidosis in a 14-year-old girl.

    A primary perireticulin amyloidosis is reported in a 14-year-old girl, which showed the symptoms of a steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome. The diagnosis was established by biopsies of kidney and rectum. Occurrence of amyloidosis in childhood and the clinical picture are discussed and references to clinical trials carried out are given. ( info)

2/1179. Anaphylactoid reactions and nephrotic syndrome--a considerable risk during factor ix treatment in patients with haemophilia B and inhibitors: a report on the outcome in two brothers.

    anaphylaxis/anaphylactoid reactions have recently been reported after few treatments with factor ix concentrates in patients with haemophilia B at the same time as inhibitors to factor ix were demonstrated. In some of these cases nephrotic syndrome has appeared during immune tolerance induction (ITI) with high doses of factor ix concentrates. Gene deletions seem to be associated with a high risk of developing antibodies to factor ix. This report presents two brothers with deletion of 1 bp in exon f of the factor ix gene. Both showed anaphylactoid reactions and they were desensitized using slow i.v. injections of factor ix. At the time of anaphylaxis, inhibitors of factor ix in a low titre could be demonstrated. The elder brother responded well after a short time on ITI and has no spontaneous bleedings on regular prophylaxis although in a somewhat higher dose than expected. On the other hand, in spite of comparable regimens, the younger brother has so far been resistant to ITI. Moreover, during treatment with extremely high doses of factor ix concentrate he developed nephrotic syndrome which only slowly subsided after treatment with corticosteroids and withdrawal of factor ix. ( info)

3/1179. nephrotic syndrome as a clinical manifestation of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) in a marrow transplant recipient after cyclosporine withdrawal.

    GVHD is one of the most frequent complications of BMT and recently nephrotic syndrome (NS) has been described as a manifestation of chronic GVHD. Here, we present an AA patient who developed NS 1 year after BMT when cyclosporine was stopped. Renal biopsy showed focal sclerosis associated with membranous deposits. He also had other clinical manifestations of chronic GVHD: sicca-like syndrome and colestasis. After 15 days of CsA therapy, he experienced a remarkable improvement in the NS and GVHD as a whole. We comment on immunological mechanisms that could be involved in the pathogenesis of this manifestation. ( info)

4/1179. Clinical spectrum of infantile free sialic acid storage disease.

    Infantile free sialic acid storage disease (ISSD) is a rare autosomal recessive metabolic disorder caused by a lysosomal membrane transport defect, resulting in accumulation of free sialic acid within lysosomes. Only a few cases have been described. We report on three new cases of ISSD with different modes of presentation: an infant with nephrotic syndrome, a case of fetal and neonatal ascites with heart failure, and a case of fetal ascites with esophageal atresia type III. From these patients and a review of the literature (27 cases total) we draw the following conclusions. 1) "Coarse facies," fair complexion, hepatosplenomegaly, and severe psychomotor retardation are constant findings in this disorder. 2) nephrotic syndrome occurred in most cases (four in seven) in which renal evaluation was performed. Therefore, ISSD is an important cause of nephrosis in infants with a storage disorder phenotype. 3) Fetal/neonatal ascites or hydrops was the mode of presentation in 13 (60%) of 21 cases. Thus, ISSD enters in the differential diagnosis of hydrops fetalis with a storage disease phenotype. 4) cardiomegaly was evident in nine cases. 5) Corneae were always clear, and albinoid fundi were reported in five cases. 6) Dysostosis multiplex was not prominent. 7) bone marrow aspiration could be negative. 8) death ensued in early infancy with a mean age of 13.1 months. All reported deaths were caused by respiratory infections. ( info)

5/1179. Possible induction of renal dysfunction in patients with lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase deficiency by oxidized phosphatidylcholine in glomeruli.

    To clarify the causes of renal dysfunction in familial lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) deficiency, kidney samples from 4 patients with LCAT deficiency (3 homozygotes and 1 heterozygote) were examined immunohistochemically. All of the patients exhibited corneal opacities, anemia, renal dysfunction, deficiencies in plasma high density lipoprotein and LCAT activity and mass, and an increase in the ratio of plasma unesterified cholesterol to esterified cholesterol. Renal lesions began with the deposition of lipidlike structures in the glomerular basement membrane, and these structures accumulated in the mesangium and capillary subendothelium. By electron microscopy, 2 types of distinctive structure were found in glomerular lesions: vacuole structures and cross-striated, membranelike structures. The plasma oxidized phosphatidylcholine (oxPC) -modified low density lipoprotein (LDL) levels in LCAT-deficient subjects were significantly (P<0.01) higher than those in controls (1.30 /-0.82 versus 0.42 /-0.32 ng/5 microg LDL, respectively), and a significant (P<0.01) difference was observed even after adjustment for confounding factors by an analysis of covariance. The patient with the highest plasma oxPC-modified LDL had the most membranelike structures in the glomeruli and showed the greatest renal deterioration from a young age. In glomerular lesions, although there was an abundance of apoB and apoE, oil red O-positive lipids, macrophages, apoA1, and malondialdehyde were scarce. OxPC was found extracellularly in glomerular lesions, and although its distribution differed from that of apolipoproteins, it was quite similar to that of phospholipids. In conclusion, these results indicate that oxPC in plasma and glomeruli is distinctive for patients with LCAT deficiency. Therefore, oxPC may be a factor in the deterioration of kidneys in patients with familial LCAT deficiency. ( info)

6/1179. recurrence of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis associated with Kimura's disease after kidney transplantation.

    A 13-year-old Brazilian boy with Kimura's disease (eosinophylic lymphoid granuloma) and nephrotic syndrome is reported. Native kidney biopsy showed focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Treatment with prednisolone resulted in partial remission of proteinuria, and he had a progressive loss in renal function, requiring initiation of chronic dialysis, which he underwent for 46 months. After kidney transplantation, the patient developed proteinuria. A renal biopsy showed recurrence of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, and subsequently he developed renal insufficiency. ( info)

7/1179. Remission of the nephrotic syndrome in a patient with renal amyloidosis due to rheumatoid arthritis treated with prednisolone and methotrexate.

    A 46-year-old woman developed nephrotic syndrome secondary to rheumatoid arthritis (RA). A renal biopsy showed deposition of amyloid fibrils in the subendothelial space of the glomerular capillary walls. After treatment with prednisolone (PSL, 40 mg/day), the levels of c-reactive protein (CRP) and serum amyloid A decreased to within normal limits for 2 weeks. However, the nephrotic syndrome persisted for 6 months after the therapy. To maintain the suppression of disease activity and to reduce PSL, methotrexate (5 mg/week) was added. The nephrotic syndrome resolved gradually, and the level of serum albumin returned to normal. Although renal prognosis of patients with nephrotic syndrome due to amyloidosis caused by RA has been considered poor, adequate and long-term treatment of RA with antiinflammatory drugs, including PSL and methotrexate, is useful for patients with secondary amyloidosis complicated by RA. ( info)

8/1179. nephrotic syndrome with mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis induced by multiple wasp stings.

    We report the case of a young male who developed severe nephrotic syndrome within 2-3 weeks after being stung by 3 wasps. A percutaneous kidney biopsy specimen revealed mesangioproliferative glomerulonephritis with occasional subepithelial deposits suggestive of early membranous nephropathy. The patient was treated with oral prednisone 60 mg/day with no significant clinical response after 4 weeks, at which point he was started on oral cyclophosphamide, 100 mg/day, while the prednisone dose was tapered to 20 mg every other day over a 2-week period. Six months after initiation of cyclophosphamide, he still has severe nephrotic syndrome. We also briefly review the literature on hymenoptera sting associated nephrotic syndrome. ( info)

9/1179. Heavy chain deposition disease: the disease spectrum.

    A 45-year-old white woman was found to have microscopic hematuria during her annual physical examination. After a negative urologic workup, she returned 5 months later with nephrotic syndrome, renal insufficiency, and hypocomplementemia. Renal biopsy showed a nodular sclerosing glomerulopathy that could not be further characterized because of inadequate tissue for immunofluorescence. The patient returned 8 months later with chronic renal failure. A repeat renal biopsy showed deposits composed of immunoglobulin g (IgG) heavy chain and complement components C3 and C1 along glomerular, tubular, and vascular basement membranes, with negativity for kappa and lambda light chains, findings consistent with heavy chain deposition disease (HCDD). The heavy chain subclass was exclusively IgG3. Staining with monoclonal antibodies to epitopes of the constant domains of IgG heavy chain showed a CH1 deletion, indicating a truncated heavy chain. On review of the previously reported cases of HCDD, common clinical presentations include nephrotic syndrome, renal insufficiency, hematuria, and, in some cases, hypocomplementemia. In most patients, the hematologic disorder is mild, without overt myeloma. light microscopy shows a nodular sclerosing glomerulopathy, and heavy chain deposits are detectable within basement membranes throughout the kidney by immunofluorescence and electron microscopy. There is no effective treatment for this condition, and virtually all patients progress to chronic renal failure. ( info)

10/1179. nephrotic syndrome, microcephaly, and developmental delay: three separate syndromes.

    We describe a patient with microcephaly, developmental delay, and nephrotic syndrome who had normal renal function and normal brain imaging studies. She does not have the Galloway-Mowat syndrome. The concurrence of nephrotic syndrome with microcephaly and developmental delay may be coincidental, or may reflect one of at least three syndromes: Galloway-Mowat, a second syndrome of microcephaly, nephrotic syndrome and developmental delay (MNSDD), and a third syndrome of microcephaly, developmental delay, and spondylorhizomelic short stature. ( info)
| Next ->

Leave a message about 'nephrotic syndrome'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.