Cases reported "Neuroma"

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11/305. Palisaded, encapsulated neuroma of the lip.

    A case of palisaded, encapsulated neuroma of the lower lip has been presented. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported instance in the dental literature. The lesion characteristically occurs on the skin of the face near the oral, nasal, and orbital mucocutaneous junctions and, therefore, is readily visible to the oral diagnostician. It occurs most often in middle-aged individuals and, although it may clinically mimic other lesions, the operative finding of an easily enucleated mass near a mucocutaneous junction should suggest this lesion in the differential diagnosis. Histologically, the lesion is characterized by three distinct zones--an outer compressed fibrous connective tissue capsule, an inner myxomatous zone, and a central zone of proliferating Schwann's cells arranged in interlacing fascicles with areas of palisaded cells and organoid structures. The lesion is treated by enucleation or excision and has no tendency to recur. ( info)

12/305. Unusual complication of ligation of rudimentary ulnar digit.

    We report a case of rudimentary ulnar polydactyly of the hand of a 7-year-old female child. Histological examination revealed a central traumatic neuroma which branched into five digit-like projections covered with hyperkeratotic epidermis. We think this was a result of suture ligation during the postnatal period. ( info)

13/305. Epithelial sheath neuroma: a new entity.

    The authors describe four examples of a peculiar cutaneous lesion characterized histopathologically by a proliferation of enlarged nerve fibers ensheathed by squamous epithelium involving the superficial dermis. The perineural epithelial sheaths were composed of uniform squamous epithelium with evidence of cornification in the form of dyskeratotic cells or resulting in orthokeratotic basket-weave corneocytes. Immunohistochemical studies confirmed the epithelial and neural nature of the two components of the lesions, with the nerve fibers expressing immunoreactivity for S-100 protein, neurofilaments, CD57, and nerve growth factor receptor, whereas the perineural epithelial sheaths showed immunoreactivity for cytokeratins. The authors propose the term "epithelial sheath neuroma" for this lesion and believe that it is a distinct and a previously undescribed benign neoplasm of both cutaneous nerves and epithelial elements. ( info)

14/305. Facial neuroma in the internal auditory canal.

    Authors presented two cases of facial neuromas in the internal auditory canal, one without facial palsy and the other with facial palsy. In both cases neuromas were occult and undiagnosed. Although in the first case neuroma was greater than the other, facial palsy was not developed. The mechanism of the facial palsy due to neuromas could not be clearly clarified. ( info)

15/305. Treatment of painful neuromas: a case report.

    The authors report a 15-year history of management of multiple recurrent neuromas in a patient with an amputated arm. Various surgical modalities were employed, including burying the nerve ends in muscle and bone. In addition, they also treated successfully one of the neuromas in this patient by capping the transected nerve with an extended autologous vein graft. This application of the extended autologous venous nerve conduit may be a novel alternative in the treatment of this challenging problem. ( info)

16/305. Granular cell traumatic neuroma: a lesion occurring in mastectomy scars.

    BACKGROUND: Granular cell changes can be observed in a variety of benign and malignant tumors, and are seen more commonly in granular cell tumors, which in about 5% of cases develop in the breast. Granular cells also have been observed in sites of previous trauma, such as surgery, and are found to be inflammatory reactions of histiocytic origin. methods AND RESULTS: We investigated, morphologically and immunohistochemically, 2 granular cell lesions occurring in mastectomy scars after surgery for carcinoma. Both lesions were composed of strands and nests of large granular cells, haphazardly set in a background of fibrous tissue, with sparse inflammatory infiltrates. Several tortuous hypertrophic nerve bundles were also embedded in the fibrous tissue. A few of these nerve bundles showed degenerative changes and contained granular cells. Immunohistochemically, granular cells were positive for S100 protein, neuron-specific enolase, vimentin, and CD68 antigen. CONCLUSIONS: We consider these proliferative lesions of peripheral nerves to have the features of both granular cell tumor and traumatic neuroma. These cases indicate that traumatic neuroma can undergo extensive granular cell changes and constitute a previously unrecognized entity, which we provisionally label granular cell traumatic neuroma. Granular cell traumatic neuroma has to be taken into consideration when evaluating lesions occurring at mastectomy scars and should be differentiated from malignant tumors with granular cells, such as apocrine carcinoma and alveolar soft part sarcoma. ( info)

17/305. Prevention and treatment of painful neuromas of the superficial radial nerve by the end-to-side nerve repair concept: an experimental study and preliminary clinical experience.

    This article studies the utilization of the end-to-side neurorrhaphy concept in the prevention and treatment of painful neuromas. A total of 20 rats were divided into 2 groups (10 rats per group). In group A, the tibial nerve was divided and left lying in the subcutaneous tissue. In group B, the cut ends of the tibial nerve were sutured to the adjacent peroneal nerve in an end-to-side fashion. Evaluation was performed 90 days after nerve injury. For group A, the proximal end of the tibial nerve formed a "classic" neuroma and the distal end showed a degenerated nerve. In group B, the proximal end of the tibial nerve formed a "non-classic" neuroma and the nerve healed into the peroneal nerve with continuity of the epineurium of the 2 nerves. The distal end of the tibial nerve in group B showed evidence of axonal regeneration. Preliminary clinical experience utilizing the same technique in the prevention and treatment of painful neuromas of the superficial radial nerve is presented and other techniques of nerve-to-nerve implantation are discussed. ( info)

18/305. Multiple neuromas coexisting with rheumatoid synovitis and a rheumatoid nodule.

    The authors present a rare case of multiple intermetatarsal neuromas coexisting with rheumatoid synovitis and a rheumatoid nodule. A brief review of rheumatoid nodules as a source of forefoot pain and a review of the relevant literature are provided. A rheumatoid nodule is just one of the many diagnoses that must be considered when one encounters pedal symptoms similar to those associated with Morton's neuroma. ( info)

19/305. temporal bone findings in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2b.

    To our knowledge, present case is the first published report of temporal bone findings in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2b (MEN-2B). We describe a 43-year-old Japanese man with medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), pheochromocytoma, mucosal neuroma and a Marfanoid body habitus. The collateral adrenal tumors and MTC were removed surgically. However, 14 years after surgery, the MTC and pheochromocytoma recurred and the patient died of intracranial hemorrhage due to hypertension. During the autopsy, metastatic MTC was detected in the liver, lungs, kidneys, pancreas and cervical lymph nodes. Recurrent pheochromocytoma was present in the right kidney. Mucosal neuromas were found in the tongue, gastrointestinal tract and vesical nerve plexus. The following histopathological findings were seen in both temporal bones: metastatic MTC was found as well as neuromas and the cochlear aqueduct was widely patent. ( info)

20/305. Axillary nerve injuries in children.

    Isolated axillary nerve injury is uncommon, particularly in children. The motor deficit of shoulder abduction may not recover spontaneously and can be a substantial handicap. Detection may be difficult initially, as the injury is masked by trauma such as head injury, and concomitant shoulder injury requiring immobilization. After mobilization, patients learn to partially compensate by using alternate muscles. There are few reports of surgical management of this nerve injury. Most concern predominantly adults, and the results are mixed with on average slightly greater than half having a good recovery (defined as grade 4-5 Medical research Council muscle power). We present our experience with 4 pediatric patients who had axillary nerve injury. Three patients had an interposition nerve graft, and 1 patient underwent neurolysis. All patients recovered to grade 4-5 deltoid muscle power. Children with an axillary nerve injury which fails to recover spontaneously by 4-6 months should strongly be considered for surgical exploration. ( info)
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