Cases reported "Oophoritis"

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1/44. Treatment of autoimmune premature ovarian failure.

    There is no known immunosuppressive therapy for autoimmune premature ovarian failure that has been proven safe and effective by prospective randomized placebo-controlled study. Nevertheless, immunosuppression using corticosteroids has been used on an empirical basis for this condition. Here we present two cases of young women with premature ovarian failure who were treated with glucocorticoids in the hopes of restoring fertility. The first case illustrates the potential benefit of such therapy, and the second case illustrates a potential risk. The first patient with histologically proven autoimmune oophoritis was treated with alternate day glucocorticoid treatment. She had return of menstrual bleeding six times and ovulatory progesterone concentrations four times over a 16 week period. The second patient with presumed but unconfirmed autoimmune ovarian failure was referred to us after having been treated with a 9 month course of corticosteroids. During that treatment her menses did not resume. The corticosteroid treatment was complicated by iatrogenic cushing syndrome and osteonecrosis of the knee. Identifying patients with autoimmune premature ovarian failure presents the opportunity to restore ovarian function by treating these patients with the proper immune modulation therapy. On the other hand, potent immune modulation therapy can have major complications. Corticosteroid therapy for autoimmune premature ovarian failure should be limited to use in placebo-controlled trials designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of such treatment. ( info)

2/44. Post-mortem incidental finding of cytomegalovirus oophoritis after an allogeneic stem cell transplant.

    cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease is a common and serious complication of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). Its two most frequent manifestations are interstitial pneumonitis and gastroenteritis. We describe here the first reported case of CMV ovarian infection in an allo-SCT recipient. This patient was included in a clinical trial of high-dose chemotherapy (HDCT) with HLA-matched peripheral SCT for metastatic breast cancer. She expired 53 days after transplantation from organ failure unrelated to her CMV oophoritis. ( info)

3/44. Xanthogranulomatous oophoritis--a case report.

    This is a case of a 25 year old unmarried women who presented with intermittent fever and lower abdominal pain. laparotomy revealed a large cystic left sided tuboovarian mass adherent to surrounding structures and containing foul smelling fluid. microscopy showed extensive replacement of the ovary by a chronic inflammatory exudate composed predominantly of foamy macrophages. ( info)

4/44. Silent oophoritis due to cytomegalovirus in a patient with advanced hiv disease.

    A case of isolated necrotizing cytomegalovirus (CMV) oophoritis disclosed only by necropsy studies in a patient with AIDS, is described. This unusual case report is discussed with a review of the literature dealing with CMV involvement of genital organs in the immunocompromised host, and in patients with hiv infection and AIDS. ( info)

5/44. Xanthogranulomatous salpingitis and oophoritis: a case report and review of the literature.

    A case of xanthogranulomatous salpingitis and oophoritis in a 47-year-old woman is presented. Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is an uncommon form of chronic inflammation that is destructive to affected organs; it is characterized by the presence of lipid-filled macrophages with admixed lymphocytes, plasma cells, and neutrophils. Only a few cases of xanthogranulomatous salpingitis and oophoritis have been reported to date. The case presented here is associated with escherichia coli infection, endometriosis, and an intrauterine device. ( info)

6/44. Unilateral streaked ovary syndrome. Slotnick-Goldfarbs syndrome.

    A case of unilateral streaked ovary (Slotnick-Goldfarb's syndrome) is reported and documented with hormonal, chromosomal, laparoscopic, and histologic studied. It is postulated that viral oophoritis associated with mumps might explain the coexistence of a streaked ovary of a congenital origin with a hypoplastic ovary, tbat would be the expression of a factor acting in postnatal life. ( info)

7/44. Tubo-ovarian abscess after colonic vaginoplasty for high cloacal anomaly in a 13-year-old girl.

    Recently a few articles have been published concerning the long-term follow-up of vaginoplasty of cloaca. However, no postoperative evaluation has been fully described and, in particular, the late complications are still unknown. We report a case of tuboovarian abscess after colonic vaginoplasty for high cloacal anomaly in a 13-year-old girl. She required a left salpingo-oophorectomy and postoperatively showed regular menstruation. Therefore we stress that tubo-ovarian abscess is one of the important late complications after colonic vaginoplasty for high cloacal anomaly. ( info)

8/44. Mycotic tubo-ovarian abscess associated with the intrauterine device.

    ( info)

9/44. Autoimmune oophoritis--a case report.

    A case is described of an autoimmune oophoritis that was diagnosed unexpectedly after a hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy had been performed on the suspicion of ovarian cysts. The patient was a 43-year-old multiparous woman who presented with vaginal bleeding and lower abdominal pain which she had had for one month. Grossly, the ovaries were enlarged and multicystic. The cysts measured up to 3.0 cm. The major histological change was a lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate in close relation to the theca interna of developing, cystic and atretic follicles, but sparing the primordial follicles. The infiltrate increased in density with the follicular maturation and culminated against the corpus luteum. With involution of the developing follicles, the inflammatory infiltrate subsided to some extent. The proportion of the plasma cells increased with the density of the infiltrates. Immunohistochemical study of the ovarian mononuclear cell infiltrate revealed a mixture of B- and t-lymphocytes. The plasma cells were polyclonal. These histological features of the present case are typical of autoimmune oophoritis although the presence of autoantibodies and hormonal level in the patient's serum were unknown. This case may be identified as in the early active stage of autoimmune oophoritis. ( info)

10/44. A case of pregnancy complicated by the development of a tubo-ovarian abscess following in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer.

    Tubo-ovarian abscess is an uncommon complication in pregnant women. In this report, we present a patient who developed a tubo-ovarian abscess during pregnancy following in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET). Despite treatment with intravenous antibiotics she delivered at 22 weeks of gestation. After delivery, she underwent a left salpingo-oophorectomy. review of the literature revealed only 26 reported cases of tubo-ovarian or pelvic abscess during pregnancy. pelvic inflammatory disease, previous laparotomy, and structural genital anomalies are known risk factors for pelvic abscess during pregnancy. Pelvic abscess resulting as a complication of vaginal oocyte retrieval has been reported. Therefore, although enabling women with organic pelvic disease such as endometriosis and hydrosalpinx to achieve pregnancy, assisted reproductive techniques may potentially result in pelvic infection during pregnancy. This case suggests that a preconception evaluation and treatment for such conditions should be considered for women undergoing treatment for infertility. ( info)
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