Cases reported "optic neuritis"

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1/418. bartonella henselae infection associated with peripapillary angioma, branch retinal artery occlusion, and severe vision loss.

    PURPOSE: To report atypical clinical features of bartonella henselae neuroretinitis treated with combination antibiotics. METHOD: Case report. RESULTS: A 20-year-old man with a positive B. henselae titer developed a unilateral neuroretinitis, a large peripapillary angiomatous lesion, branch artery occlusion with ischemic maculopathy, and vision loss that failed to improve with clindamycin. Treatment with doxycycline and rifampin led to rapid clinical improvement. The severe vision loss in this case is atypical. CONCLUSIONS: Ocular findings associated with B. henselae infection may include retinal angiomatous lesion and branch retinal artery occlusion. doxycycline and rifampin were successful in treating the infection. ( info)

2/418. Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis in europe.

    BACKGROUND: Diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis is thought to be caused by a solitary helminth migrating within the subretinal space. Laser photocoagulation of the located worm is the preferred mode of therapy. methods: We describe the clinical and electrophysiological features of a case of a 15-year-old Caucasian male with a longstanding diffuse unilateral subacute neuroretinitis (DUSN), in whom two worms were seen in the fundus examination. Focal photocoagulation of the worms was applied as treatment. RESULTS: No signs of inflammation could be seen after treatment. Three months later, the patient was doing well. Follow-up examination 4 years later revealed an unchanged fundus appearance in the affected eye, with no evidence of progression of the syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: If a worm is identified in DUSN, focal laser treatment of the located area is the treatment of choice, regardless of whether fundus changes suggest late stages of the disease. However, the eye of the patient should be thoroughly examined to rule out the presence of more than one worm that might cause the failure of therapy. ( info)

3/418. Bilateral optic neuritis in a child diagnosed with Gd-enhanced MR imaging using fat-suppression technique.

    A 4-year-old boy developed bilateral optic neuritis. Although precise neuro-ophthalmological evaluation was difficult, the diagnosis was made with gadolinium-enhanced MR imaging using fat-suppression technique in the initial stage of the disease. Enhancement and enlargement of the intraorbital and intracanalicular optic nerve were demonstrated bilaterally as well as protrusion of the optic nerve head. The disease responded dramatically to intravenous steroid therapy. The etiologies in children usually differ from those in adolescent and adult patients. ( info)

4/418. Unusual combination of night blindness and optic neuropathy after biliopancreatic bypass.

    night blindness and optic neuropathy were the presenting symptoms of an iatrogenic malabsorption syndrome in a 64-year old female. This case illustrates the necessity of lifelong vitamin supplementation after biliopancreatic bypass for morbid obesity. ( info)

5/418. Conservative management of documented neuroretinitis in cat scratch disease associated with bartonella henselae infection.

    BACKGROUND: bartonella henselae has been identified as the causative agent of the neuroretinitis associated with cat scratch disease (CSD). Immunofluorescent antibody tests with good sensitivity and specificity are available to aid in diagnosis. Despite diagnostic advances, optimal management remains controversial. We present a case of documented B. henselae macular neuroretinitis managed without antibiotics and discuss antibiotic use in this condition. methods: We examined a young woman with macular neuroretinitis and established a diagnosis of CSD. Management consisted of a review of the literature, followed by educating her about the condition and close observation. We documented the course of her disease. RESULTS: We diagnosed neuroretinitis associated with B. henselae infection based on immunofluorescent antibody titres and clinical presentation. Our patient's neuroretinitis resolved promptly without antibiotic therapy. CONCLUSIONS: Macular neuroretinitis in CSD can be satisfactorily diagnosed with the use of fluorescent antibodies in the appropriate clinical setting. Optimal treatment for the disease has not been established and observation combined with patient education remains an appropriate option. The self-limited nature of the disease implies that treatment studies not using controls must be interpreted with great caution. Adverse drug reactions and other iatrogenic complications can be reduced by limiting antibiotic use in settings where a meaningful treatment benefit has not been established. ( info)

6/418. Is sphenoid sinus opacity significant in patients with optic neuritis?

    PURPOSE: optic neuritis secondary to sinus disease is an infrequent but well-documented association. When a patient presents with signs of optic nerve dysfunction and orbital inflammation the significance of widespread sinus disease on radiology is clear and the management is straightforward. We present a group of patients with isolated optic neuritis and radiological evidence of spheno-ethmoiditis and discuss the clinical relevance of this finding. methods: We reviewed the notes of 11 patients with optic neuritis who, because of atypical headache, underwent neuroimaging revealing sphenoid sinus opacity. Six patients had endoscopic drainage of the sphenoid sinus; 4 were treated medically. RESULTS: Sinus contents included fungal infection (2), mucopurulent material (5), polyps (1) and necrotic tumour (1). Narrowing of the optic canal due to chronic osteomyelitis was found in 1 patient with irreversible optic atrophy. Visual loss was reversible in 6 patients. Four patients had normal radiological findings after treatment. Two patients had recurrent optic neuritis with sphenoid sinusitis on MRI scan, resolving on treatment, during the 4 year follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: Possible mechanisms of nerve damage in this situation include direct spread of infection, occlusive vasculitis and bony deficiency in the wall of the sinus. patients presenting with isolated optic neuritis and atypical headache should be scanned; an opaque sphenoid sinus in the context of visual loss should not be dismissed as coincidental but assumed to be pathological and the patient referred for drainage. sphenoid sinusitis is an uncommon but treatable cause of optic neuritis. ( info)

7/418. Hughes-Stovin syndrome: a case report and review of the literature.

    A young man presented with prolonged pyrexia, recurrent optic neuritis, thrombophlebitis and bilateral pulmonary artery aneurysms with thrombus formation. The life-threatening hemoptysis necessitated mechanical ventilatory support and emergency left lower lobectomy. Systemic corticosteroids conferred clinical improvement and reduction of the remaining right pulmonary artery aneurysm. The patient eventually succumbed to sudden massive hemoptysis. This report underscores the unpredictable nature of this syndrome and emphasises the need for aggressive surgical intervention of pulmonary artery aneurysms in Hughes-Stovin syndrome. ( info)

8/418. Optic-spinal form of multiple sclerosis and anti-thyroid autoantibodies.

    The optic-spinal form of multiple sclerosis (OSMS), characterized by recurrent involvement of optic nerve and spinal cord with rare brain magnetic resonance imaging lesions, is relatively common among Asians. While individual cases of OSMS with anti-thyroid autoantibodies (ATABs) have been reported, the frequency of ATAbs in OSMS and classical multiple sclerosis has not been studied. We studied serum ATAbs and anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) in 46 Japanese patients with multiple sclerosis: 14 with OSMS, and 32 with non-OSMS. Six patients were positive for ATAbs: five women with OSMS and one man with non-OSMS. The frequency of ATAbs in OSMS (5/14) was significantly higher than that in non-OSMS (1/32; P = 0.007), but the frequency of ANA did not differ between OSMS (3/14) and non-OSMS (6/32; P = 0.99). There may be a pathogenetic link between anti-thyroid autoimmunity and a subgroup of OSMS in Japanese. ( info)

9/418. Pachymeningitis and optic neuritis in rheumatoid arthritis: MRI findings.

    Rheumatoid arthritis is a systemic disease in which cerebral and eye involvement is neither common nor fully understood. Although it is rarely the cause of pachymeningitis and optic neuritis, rheumatoid arthritis should always be kept in mind in these two conditions. We present a 52-year-old male with an 8 month history of rheumatoid arthritis who was referred to the neurology department with headache and decreasing vision and was diagnosed as having rheumatoid pachymeningitis and optic neuritis on the basis of MRI findings. ( info)

10/418. Tuberculous neuroretinitis.

    OBJECTIVES: To describe a patient with tuberculous neuroretinitis. MATERIALS AND methods: Retrospective case report. RESULTS: We describe a 43-year-old otherwise asymptomatic woman with a known exposure to tuberculosis who had unilateral optic disc edema and a partial macular star (neuroretinitis). This was followed approximately 1 year later by the development of an exudative retinal detachment in the setting of bilateral multifocal choroiditis. Laboratory testing revealed a marked positive cutaneous reaction to purified protein derivative (PPD). Treatment with antituberculosis medicine alone resulted in prompt resolution of the choroidal infiltrates and complete flattening of the exudative detachment. CONCLUSIONS: tuberculosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis for patients with neuroretinitis. ( info)
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