Cases reported "Ovarian Cysts"

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1/536. A huge pancreatic cystic adenoma misdiagnosed as an ovarian cyst.

    pancreatic cyst mimicking an ovarian cyst ultrasonographically has not yet been reported. We report an elderly woman with such a huge pancreatic cyst whose initial presentation was low abdominal pain. Ultrasound showed a hypoechoic cyst measuring 13.6 x 13.2 x 11.8 cm occupying pelvic cavity. She received laparotomy under the impression of ovarian cyst. Interestingly, the cyst was found to have originated from the pancreas. Total cyst excision was performed and pathologic report was pancreatic microadenoma. The patient's postoperative course was unremarkable. ( info)

2/536. Cirrhotic ascites, ovarian carcinoma, and CA-125.

    We describe two postmenopausal women with ascites and elevated CA-125 level, a serologic marker used to detect ovarian cancer. Both patients had unrecognized liver disease but underwent surgical exploration for suspected ovarian disease, which subsequently revealed benign pelvic organs. Elevated serum CA-125 levels have been reported in many patients with ascites due to liver disease and cirrhosis. Thus, the presence of both ascites and an elevated CA-125 level mandates a thorough elevation for liver disease as well as for a possibility of ovarian carcinoma. These cases outline the common finding and provide insight into the management of patients with ascites and elevated CA-125 values. ( info)

3/536. Torted ovarian cyst with lethal bleeding diathesis in an infant.

    We report a 9-month-old infant with a torted ovarian cyst who presented with an acute consumptive coagulopathy (CC) with lethal outcome. That ischemic tissue can act as a trigger for a CC is well-known, but we did not find any report of a torted ovarian cyst causing a coagulopathy in the pediatric literature. This potential complication constitutes one more reason for the prompt surgical removal of torted ovarian cysts in infants. ( info)

4/536. Hyperreactio luteinalis associated with chronic renal failure.

    Hyperreactio luteinalis is a rare benign condition characterized by bilateral ovarian enlargement associated with pregnancies where high concentrations of maternal serum human chorionic gonadotrophins are present. This condition may mimic the ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. We report a case of a 34 year old woman with a history of chronic renal failure on haemodialysis who presented at 10 weeks' gestational age with hyperreactio luteinalis which was treated conservatively. Because of chronic renal failure, the presentation and course of the disease was different from that which has been previously reported. ( info)

5/536. Ovarian pregnancies with Dalkon Shield IUCDs in situ: laparoscopic visualization.

    Two ovarian pregnancies coexistent with intra-uterine contraceptive devices are described. In one case, the ovary appeared to contain a cyst at laparoscopy and rupture of the cyst and extrusion of the fetus were witnessed. In the second case, a hemorrhagic ovarian cyst bled at laparoscopy and laparotomy resulted in the diagnosis of ovarian pregnancy. These two cases reveal that laparoscopic examination could be misleading and result in inappropriate management if the diagnosis of ovarian pregnancy is not entertained. The cases described add to the growing number of reports of extrauterine pregnancies occurring in patients using intra-uterine contraceptive devices. ( info)

6/536. Oral contraceptives: therapeutic uses and quality-of-life benefits--case presentations.

    Numerous studies have shown that oral contraceptives (OC) provide protection against a wide variety of illnesses and conditions, including loss of bone density, ovarian cysts, menstrual cycle irregularities, dysmenorrhea and menorrhagia, ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease, benign breast disease, endometrial cancer, and ovarian cancer. How OC can be used not only for contraception but also to improve health among women throughout their reproductive years is illustrated by four case presentations: an adolescent with menstrual problems; a 25-year-old mulligravida who wishes to delay childbearing; a 35-year-old who has completed her family and requests tubal ligation; and a 45-year-old with perimenopausal symptoms. In view of their numerous health benefits, OC are to reproductive-age women as hormone replacement therapy is to menopausal women. ( info)

7/536. hematocolpos: diagnosis made by ultrasound.

    A 14 year old girl presented with acute urinary retention. ultrasonography made an important contribution in the diagnosis of hematocolpos. This is the first case reported in the literature. ( info)

8/536. Bilateral massive edema of the ovary.

    We present a case of synchronic bilateral ovary mass edema. In spite of the patient's age and the difficulties of the intraoperative study it reveals a high likelihood of malignancy in the preoperative stage. ( info)

9/536. Enlargement and maturation in benign cystic ovarian teratoma.

    This is a report of a 13(1/2) year old girl with bilateral benign cystic ovarian teratomas (BCOT). The clinical presentation was with an abdominal mass and an abdominal x-ray film confirmed the mass which contained teeth. Previous abdominal X-ray at 3 and 10 years of age had not shown any abnormality. The clinical features and the radiological findings indicated that the BCOT had enlarged and matured during the period of follow-up. ( info)

10/536. A follicle-stimulating hormone-secreting gonadotroph adenoma with ovarian enlargement in a 10-year-old girl.

    OBJECTIVE: To report a rare case of gonadotroph adenoma accompanied by ovarian enlargement in a child. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: A university hospital. PATIENT(S): A 10-year-old Japanese girl with multiple cysts of both ovaries. INTERVENTION(S): Endocrinologic assays, immunohistochemical staining, ultrastructural observations, and in vitro analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The endocrinologic assays showed an elevated serum FSH level. The tumor cells excised from the gonadotroph adenoma were immunohistochemically positive for antihuman FSH monoclonal antibody. When cultured in vitro, the tumor cells secreted FSH in the primary culture. RESULT(S): The gonadotroph adenoma produced FSH. After transsphenoidal surgery, both ovaries decreased in size. CONCLUSION(S): The ovarian enlargement was induced by endogenous FSH from the gonadotroph adenoma. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of gonadotroph adenoma accompanied by ovarian enlargement in childhood or adolescence. ( info)
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