Cases reported "Pancreatic Diseases"

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1/597. Isolated tuberculosis of the pancreas after orthotopic liver transplantation.

    A patient presented with intermittent high fever, upper abdominal pain, and loss of appetite 9 months after an orthotopic liver transplantation. Computed tomography showed a large mass in the pancreas that was confirmed at laparotomy. Pathological examination of the pancreatic biopsy specimen showed several chronic granulomatous lesions with caseating necrosis. Two and one half months after beginning antituberculous treatment, there was an important reduction of the pancreatic mass. ( info)

2/597. Renal failure resulting from infiltration by inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor responsive to corticosteroid therapy.

    Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare disease of inflammatory and spindle cell proliferative lesions in multiple sites. Most frequently reported in the lungs, a variety of extrapulmonary sites have been described. We report the first case of IMT causing renal failure by massive bilateral renal infiltration. Renal function continued to deteriorate (peak serum creatinine level, 8.4 mg/dL) despite placement of a ureteral stent. The kidneys were diffusely enlarged on computed tomographic (CT) scan. Renal biopsy showed myofibroblastic proliferation and inflammatory infiltration. Renal failure responded favorably over weeks to corticosteroid therapy (serum creatinine level, 2.8 mg/dL) with a marked reduction in bilateral renal enlargement by CT scan. ( info)

3/597. learning from case reports: diagnostic issues in an epidemiologic study of pancreatic cancer.

    epidemiologic studies on exocrine pancreatic cancer show a large heterogeneity in diagnostic criteria applied to define "caseness." Reanalyses conducted after review of diagnostic information have yielded substantially different results than those based on more crude classifications of disease. During a multicenter prospective study on mutations in the K-ras gene in pancreatic and biliary diseases, hospital diagnoses from 602 patients were reviewed by a panel of experts. There were two main motivations to do so: a generic interest for the quality of the diagnostic data, and the anticipation that a firm diagnosis could be needed to assess whether patients whose tumors did not harbor the mutation were true negatives or false negatives. In addition, the review of diagnoses was helpful to minimize tissue misclassification, and it had a high educational value for clinicians and epidemiologists. This article illustrates why and how this was so through a brief presentation of the 10 most significant cases. With respect to selection and classification of subjects, the main issues that studies on pancreatic cancer need to address are the differential diagnosis of exocrine pancreatic cancer and pancreatitis, the differential diagnosis of exocrine pancreatic cancer and other abdominal tumors, and the use of survival as a hallmark of pancreatic cancer. In epidemiologic studies of pancreatic cancer, it is warranted that a panel of experts centrally reviews all the existing diagnostic evidence (cytohistological and other) of all patients, regardless of whether they have cytohistological confirmation and of their hospital discharge diagnosis. ( info)

4/597. splenosis presenting as an ulcerated gastric mass: endoscopic and endoscopic ultrasonographic imaging.

    A case of an ulcerated gastric wall mass ultimately found to be splenosis is presented in which the index patient had endoscopic and endoscopic ultrasonographic evaluation prior to resection. Although no visual features identified this mass as a splenic implant preoperatively, the lesion appeared to be atypical for leiomyoma, which led to surgical intervention. The role of endoscopic ultrasonography in assessing isolated gastric masses is discussed. ( info)

5/597. Intrapancreatic accessory spleen. A rare cause of a pancreatic mass.

    CONCLUSION: The clinical significance of intrapancreatic accessory spleens resides in the mimicry of pancreatic cancer. Radionuclide tests (octreotide scan and Tc99m sulfur colloid scan) should be undertaken to distinguish these lesions from neuroendocrine tumors, hypervascular metastases and pancreatic carcinoma. If the tests are equivocal, diagnostic laparotomy or laparoscopy is recommended. BACKGROUND: Despite its relatively common occurrence, intrapancreatic ectopic splenic tissue is rarely detected owing to its asymptomatic nature. methods: We report a case of a clinically asymptomatic patient in which abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans revealed a mass of 1.5 cm in diameter in the distal pancreas. The tumor markers CA 19-9 and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) were slightly elevated, and pancreatic neoplasm was suspected. RESULTS: Left pancreatic resection and splenectomy were performed. The removed specimen disclosed the presence of an accessory spleen within the pancreatic tail. ( info)

6/597. nesidioblastosis with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia in adults: report of two cases.

    We report herein the cases of two women, aged 34 years and 39 years, respectively, found to have hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia after presenting with a history of episodes of temporary loss of consciousness, nausea, and fainting. Under the suspected diagnosis of insulinoma, localization procedures were carried out, but no tumor was found. In both patients, a definite gradient in insulin concentration was found in the pancreas by percutaneous transhepatic or intraoperative portal venous sampling, and a misdiagnosis of insulinoma of the pancreatic body was made. During exploratory laparotomy no tumor was palpable in the pancreas, and intraoperative ultrasonography showed no low echoic mass in the pancreas. A distal pancreatectomy was performed in both patients, and histopathological examination of the resected specimens revealed graded slight hyperplasia of the islet cells. ( info)

7/597. Postoperative acute pulmonary thromboembolism in patients with acute necrotizing pancreatitis with special reference to apheresis therapy.

    Eight patients with pancreatic abscesses secondary to acute necrotizing pancreatitis underwent drainage of their abscesses under laparotomy. Two of them died of acute pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) within 1 week. autopsy revealed a large thrombus at the main trunk of the pulmonary artery and in the left common iliac vein. Femoral catheter insertion/indwelling, immobilization, surgery, increased trypsin/kinin/kallikrein, increased endotoxin, and decreased antithrombin-III (AT-III) were present following drainage of the pancreatic abscesses. With respect to the bedside diagnosis of acute PTE, alveolar-arterial oxygen gradients obtained by blood gas analysis and mean pulmonary artery pressure estimated by pulsed Doppler echocardiography are very useful. In terms of the treatment, attention should be paid to the following to prevent deep venous thrombosis: prophylactic administration of low molecular weight heparin and administration of AT-III (AT-III > or = 80%), use of the subclavian vein whenever possible as blood access for apheresis therapy, as short a compression time as possible after removing the blood access catheter (< or =6 h), and application of intermittent pneumatic compression devices or elastic compression stockings on the lower extremities. ( info)

8/597. Annular pancreas associated with pancreatolithiasis: a case report.

    We present a case of annular pancreas associated with pancreatolithiasis. A 41 year-old Japanese man with epigastric pain was admitted to the surgical service at Miyazaki Medical College Hospital. Contrast duodenography revealed severe stenosis of the descending duodenum. cholangiography showed a stenotic segment of the intrapancreatic common bile duct surrounded by calcifications. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed calcifications in the posterior region of the pancreatic head. Percutaneous cannulation of the pancreatic ductal system, using ultrasonic guidance, demonstrated a slightly dilated pancreatic duct in the body, stenosis of the duct of Wirsung in the pancreatic head, a normal duct of Santorini, and calcifications in the duct of an annular pancreas which communicated with the duct of Wirsung. At surgery, the second portion of the duodenum was completely encircled by the annular pancreas, and a Whipple procedure was performed. Including this patient, 170 adult cases of annular pancreas have been reported in japan since 1922. Surgery was performed on 122 patients; 106 of these procedures were well documented. A Whipple procedure was performed on 16 patients, including the present case. Nine of these 16 patients had associated malignant disease, while the others had benign pancreatic disease. This is the fifth reported case of pancreatolithiasis associated with an annular pancreas in japan. This case emphasizes that an annular pancreas may predispose to localized chronic pancreatitis and pancreatolithiasis. ( info)

9/597. ascites in benign disease of the pancreas.

    ascites in benign disease of the pancreas is a rare observation. One patient with this condition is discussed. The key to the diagnosis is the raise of the amylase and protein content of the ascitic fluid. The condition is caused by pancreatic juice oozing into the free abdominal cavity through a rupture of the pancreatic duct or a pancreatic cyst. Surgical treatment may result in recovery. ( info)

10/597. Anaemia, thrombocytopenia and coagulopathy due to occult diffuse infantile haemangiomatosis of spleen and pancreas.

    Diffuse infantile haemangiomatosis of the spleen is a very rare lesion. Large haemangiomas may cause trapping of platelets and coagulation disorders known as Kasabach-Merrit syndrome. We here report the case of an infant with splenic and pancreatic haemangiomatosis presenting with life-threatening thrombocytopenia, anaemia and intravascular coagulation. diagnosis was hampered by reactive erythroblastosis and non-conclusive radiological findings. While treatment with corticosteroids was ineffective, administration of antithrombin iii improved coagulation parameters. After splenectomy the child recovered promptly and has remained free of disease for 3 years to date. CONCLUSION: Occult visceral haemangiomatosis without visible cutaneous haemangiomas should be included in the differential diagnosis of thrombocytopenia, anaemia and consumption coagulopathy. antithrombin iii treatment may be considered to overcome bleeding problems in patients with Kasabach-Merrit syndrome. ( info)
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