Cases reported "Paresthesia"

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1/612. Cervical foraminotomy: an effective treatment for cervical spondylotic radiculopathy.

    Between 1983 and 1994, posterior cervical foraminotomy as described by Frykholm was performed on 89 patients with exclusively radicular symptoms caused by cervical osteophytes. The main presenting feature was arm pain. Objective neurological signs were present in 50% of the patients. At mean postoperative follow-up of 8.6 months, 95.5% of patients reported excellent or good results, while 4.5% were not improved. No patient was rendered worse following the procedure. There were no deaths and the complication rate was 2.2%. Further surgery for recurrent root symptoms was required by 6.7% of patients. Our findings are in keeping with the good results and low complication rate of this procedure as described in other studies. Informal inquiries suggest that this procedure is not widely used, at any rate in the United Kingdom, and we present this series in order to emphasize the efficacy and safety of this procedure. ( info)

2/612. Effects of altering cycling technique on gluteus medius syndrome.

    OBJECTIVE: We discuss how altering the cycling technique of a cyclist receiving periodic chiropractic care helped in the management of gluteus medius syndrome. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 24-year-old male amateur cyclist had numbness and tingling localized to a small region on the superior portion of the right buttock. The area involved demonstrated paresthesia to light touch sensory evaluation. The cyclist had received chiropractic adjustments 2 days before the onset of the symptoms. One week earlier, the patient began riding a new bicycle with different gearing than his previous one. Manual-resisted muscle testing created soreness in the lumbosacral area and buttocks. trigger points were identified in the right gluteus medius. Standing lumbar spine flexion was 70 degrees, limited by tight hamstrings. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: Because the patient was already receiving periodic chiropractic care, no passive therapy was used. Patient education regarding the difference in gear selection in bicycles of a higher quality was provided. He was instructed to train in lower gears than he had previously used and to maintain a cadence of 70 to 90 revolutions of the pedals per minute. After 2 days, the paresthesia on the right buttock resolved. The trigger points were only mildly tender with minimal residual soreness of the involved muscles. CONCLUSION: Management of gluteus medius syndrome by altering the cadence and gear development for a bicyclist is discussed. Either frank or cumulative injury to the gluteus medius muscle is the typical etiologic factor for this syndrome. Repetitive strain of the patient's gluteus medius muscle as a result of poor cycling technique appeared to be the cause here. knowledge of bicycle fitting, training techniques, and bicycle mechanics appeared necessary to resolve the problem. ( info)

3/612. Meralgia paresthetica secondary to limb length discrepancy: case report.

    Meralgia paresthetica consists of pain and dysthesia in the lateral thigh caused by entrapment of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (L2-L3) underneath the inguinal ligament. Abdominal distension, tight clothing, and hip hyperextension are all described causes of this condition. To our knowledge this has never been attributed to a limb length discrepancy. We present a 51-year-old man with a long-standing history of right sided meralgia paresthetica. history and physical and radiological examination were unrewarding except that his left leg was shorter than the right by 2 cm. Nerve conduction studies of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve on the left had a normal latency and amplitude but were absent on the right. To prove the hpothesis that the limb length discrepancy was responsible for the condition, a single subject study was performed. The presence or absence of pain and dysesthesia in the right thigh was the observed behavior. Intervention consisted of wearing a 1.5-cm lift in the left or right shoe for 2 weeks each with an intervening 2-week lift-free period. Pain was recorded on a numeric scale and numbness as being present or absent. There was continuing pain without and with the lift in the right shoe but no pain or numbness with the lift in left shoe. It was concluded that the limb length discrepancy was responsible for the meralgia paresthetica. Pertinent literature and possible pathomechanics are discussed. ( info)

4/612. median nerve damage from brachial artery puncture: a case report.

    This report describes a case in which puncture of the brachial artery to obtain a sample for blood-gas analysis resulted in damage to the median nerve with a persisting neuropathy and apparent loss of function. Errors in judgment and contributions to possible negligence included (1) inappropriate choice of sampling site; (2) lack of knowledge of precautions and possible complications; (3) incomplete/inadequate description of optimal procedure in departmental procedure manual; (4) arbitrary selection of the dominant hand. ( info)

5/612. Surgical treatment of vascular lesions of the spinal cord.

    Paravertebral block and resection of upper thoracic sympathetic ganglions were performed on cases in which vascular disturbance of the spinal cord was considered partly responsible. Block was performed in 14 cases and clinical improvement was seen in 10 cases out of them while resection was considered effective in 2 out of 3 cases. The evoked EMG of patients was assumed recovery of a part of synaptic function in the ischemic cord after the block. On the other hand, the skin temperature of the lower extremity did not show considerable change and this supports the view that the restoration of clinical picture was not due to the improvement of the periphral circulation of extremities. From these observations, it would be well presumed that favorable effect of sympathectomy consists partly in the improvement of vascular disturbance of the spinal cord. ( info)

6/612. L4-5 disk lesion resulting in back pain with bowel, bladder and sexual dysfunction without paraparesis.

    This is a case report of a patient with bowel, bladder and sexual dysfunction associated with low back pain. This patient had an essentially normal neurological examination. There was radiological evidence of a disk lesion, and urodynamic findings consistent with lower motor neuron bladder dysfunction. His symptoms are attributed to a L4-5 disk herniation resulting in a partial cauda equina syndrome. The relevant anatomy is reviewed, and the differential diagnosis is discussed. ( info)

7/612. Burkitt's lymphoma presenting as lower lip paraesthesia in a 24 year old Nigerian. Case report.

    An unusual case of stage D Burkitt's lymphoma in a 24 year old Nigerian female undergraduate is reported. There was a four month history of left lower lip paraesthesia followed three months later by a slowly progressive 'pimple-sized' nodular mandibular swelling arising from the mental foramen region. A full-blown, rapidly developing abdominal mass manifested only three weeks after a biopsy of the mandibular swelling. Aspiration of the latter and a histologic report of the mandibular mass confirmed Burkitt's lymphoma. The patient responded very well to appropriate chemotherapy. Clinicians should not overlook insidious jaw swellings in any adult residing in the endemic zone of Burkitt's lymphoma, in view of the fact that successful therapy is dependent on early diagnosis. Mental nerve paraesthesia is very rarely seen in Burkitt's lymphoma. ( info)

8/612. Lessons to be learned: a case study approach: prolonged methaemoglobinaemia due to inadvertent dapsone poisoning; treatment with methylene blue and exchange transfusion.

    The authors present a case of methaemoglobinaemia of acute onset, with an unusually protracted course. The long persistence of this disorder led to a search for the cause which was eventually traced to medication with dapsone. The latter was found to be inappropriately being taken by the patient instead of an antispasmodic that had been prescribed for a spinal condition; this was because the tablets had been incorrectly labelled and dispensed in a pharmacy. The patient took increasing doses of the presumed 'antispasmodic' tablets as they seemed to lack clinical effect, thus further exacerbating the toxic consequences. Moreover, the patient brought his wrongly labelled tablets into hospital and was allowed to use them there, contrary to normal hospital policy. As treatment for the methaemoglobinaemia both bolus and continuous infusions of methylene blue were used, which probably contributed to the severe haemolysis which followed. Furthermore, the development of a rare side effect of dapsone toxicity, namely that of a sensorimotor neuropathy, is reported. ( info)

9/612. A case of referred pain evoked by remote light touch after partial nerve injury.

    An unusual case of referred pain is presented in which a 63-year-old man, who suffered a severe injury to his right hand and arm during young adulthood, describes the later development of dysesthesia and shooting pain in his arm subsequent to stimulation of the ipsilateral scalp, the temporal and infrazygomatic region of the face, and the back. Referred sensations of this type are usually reported following amputation of an arm. Clinical examination of the sensory and motor function of the arm and hand revealed partial damage to the radial, ulnar and median nerves as well as possible brachial plexus involvement. Interestingly, pain could be evoked by repeated light touches applied to the remote trigger areas suggesting the involvement of a 'wind-up'-like process. ( info)

10/612. Dermal sinus and intramedullary spinal cord abscess. Report of two cases and review of the literature.

    Intramedullary abscesses of the spinal cord are uncommon. Most of them occur in association with heart, pulmonary or urogenital infections. We report two cases of intramedullary spinal cord abscesses secondary to congenital dermal sinus. Only 14 cases of such an association have previously been reported. In our cases, dermal sinus was associated with an epidermoid tumour. The clinical presentation, pathogenesis, magnetic resonance imaging findings, surgical management and outcome are discussed. ( info)
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