Cases reported "Paroxysmal Hemicrania"

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1/12. Seasonal, extratrigeminal, episodic paroxysmal hemicrania successfully treated with single suboccipital steroid injections.

    This case report describes a case of extratrigeminal, episodic paroxysmal hemicrania with a clear seasonal temporal pattern, successfully treated with repeated single suboccipital steroid injections. The pathophysiological and clinical implications of this observation are discussed. ( info)

2/12. Headache attributed to unruptured saccular aneurysm, mimicking hemicrania continua.

    Unruptured cerebral arterial aneurysms most often remain asymptomatic, but they may cause headache or other symptoms or signs. We describe herewith a case of headache attributed to an unruptured internal carotid artery aneurysm, clearly mimicking the phenotype of hemicrania continua. Potential pathophysiological explanations and recommendations for recognition of similar cases are discussed. ( info)

3/12. Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania in a 3-year, 10-month-old female.

    This is the report of a 3-year, 10-month-old female with classical symptoms of chronic paroxysmal hemicrania and favorable response to indomethacin therapy. The patient was admitted because of frequent episodes of severe unilateral headaches during the day and nighttime as well as agitation. During the episodes, she complained of severe pains on the left orbital and supraorbital region. Subsequent lacrimation from the left eye was also documented. Initially, focal epileptic attack was diagnosed and during the following 10 months several antiepileptic drugs were used without effect. After 10 months, chronic paroxysmal hemicrania was diagnosed because of the typical symptoms along with a favorable response to indomethacin therapy. ( info)

4/12. paroxysmal hemicrania in a family.

    paroxysmal hemicrania (PH) is a trigeminal autonomic cephalgia, characterised by unilateral attacks responsive to indomethacin. There are no published reports of a family history in PH. We report a mother and daughter both with PH. The daughter and her sister also had migraine. ( info)

5/12. Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania presenting as recurrent orbital inflammation.

    patients with chronic headache associated with ocular symptoms regularly seek ophthalmologists' opinions. We report an unusual case of chronic paroxysmal hemicrania (CPH), a rare but well-described variant of cluster headache in a female presenting to an eye department with recurrent episodes of severe unilateral periorbital swelling with a chronic history of headaches. Clinical features, review of literature, and therapeutic response to indomethacin helped to establish the diagnosis as CPH. This is the first report of severe orbital inflammation with CPH to our knowledge. ( info)

6/12. Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania in a patient with a macroprolactinoma.

    We report a patient with headaches meeting the criteria of chronic paroxysmal hemicrania, as defined by the International Headache Society classification. Headaches were fully responsive to indomethacin during the first 3 months of treatment but recurred when daily doses were lowered. Investigations revealed a macroprolactinoma. Headaches stopped after cabergoline treatment. This report further suggests that patients with paroxysmal hemicrania should be investigated for pituitary abnormalities. ( info)

7/12. Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania, hemicrania continua and SUNCT: the fate of the three first described cases.

    The first patient with chronic paroxysmal hemicrania has been followed for 45 years, and for 33 years with indomethacin treatment. The headache became less severe with time; there was no indomethacin tachyphylaxis. The first patient with SUNCT was followed for 28 years, until his demise at 89. pain became worse with time. No adequate therapy was found. The first patient with Hemicrania continua was followed for 19 years, until her demise at 81. She was treated with indomethacin during the whole observation time. There was no tachyphylaxis. Both patients treated with indomethacin developed gastric ulcer. And both had gastric surgery. indomethacin therapy may be a life-long affair. The risk of gastric complications may be substantial. ( info)

8/12. Side-shifting hemicrania continua with aura (migraine with aura with autonomic symptoms responsive to indomethacin?).

    Atypical features of hemicrania continua (HC), including both visual aura and side shifting, have been reported previously. However, auras and variable unilaterality have never been reported together in HC. We report two patients with side-shifting HC with aura. These patients' symptoms are unilateral headaches, visual aura, autonomic features, throbbing pain, nausea and photo/phonophobia. One could speculate that the unilaterality and/or the autonomic symptom modules are indomethacin responsive. The patients can also be classified as chronic migraine with aura, with autonomic symptoms, responsive to indomethacin. Neither migraine subtype nor side-shifting HC with aura is included in the current International Headache Society (IHS) classification, so these patients are not classifiable. Side-shifting HC with aura implies the need to revisit the traditional IHS categorization of headaches into unique diagnostic groups. The modular headache theory may be a tool for the understanding of these rare and complex cases. ( info)

9/12. Hemicrania continua evolving from episodic paroxysmal hemicrania.

    A 45-year-old woman, who had been diagnosed in our unit with episodic paroxysmal hemicrania, was seen 2 years later for ipsilateral hemicrania continua in remitting form. Both types of headache had a complete response to indomethacin and did not occur simultaneously. The patient had a previous history of episodic moderate headaches that met criteria for probable migraine without aura and also had a family history of headache. The clinical course in this case suggests a pathogenic relationship between both types of primary headache. ( info)

10/12. Case series of four different headache types presenting as tooth pain.

    case reports in the literature discuss various headache disorders that present as pain in the face. The current understanding of neuroanatomy and headache mechanisms suggests that headache pain originates within intracranial structures and is then referred to the face, jaws, and teeth. This case series describes four patients, one each with migraine headache, cluster headache, paroxysmal hemicrania, and hemicrania continua, all of which who presented to dentists with the chief complaint of tooth pain. This is the first report of hemicrania continua presenting as tooth pain. It is important that dentists be cognizant of headache disorders so that they may be able to identify headache pains masquerading as toothache. ( info)
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