Cases reported "peliosis hepatis"

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1/71. Hemorrhagic necrosis due to peliosis hepatis: imaging findings and pathological correlation.

    peliosis hepatis is an uncommon liver condition characterized by blood-filled cavities. We report the CT, angiographic and MR features of a case of peliosis hepatis with no obvious etiology and spontaneously regressing hemorrhagic necrosis. Helical CT showed multiple peripheral low-density regions with foci of spontaneous high density suggesting the presence of blood component. On MR imaging, the multiple peripheral lesions were hypointense on T1-weighted and hyperdense on T2-weighted images, with bright foci on all sequences suggesting subacute blood. angiography showed no evidence of tumor or vascular malformation; multiple nodular vascular lesions filling in the parenchymal phase and persisting in the venous phase suggested blood-filled cavities. Pathological examination showed blood-filled spaces with no endothelial lining, characteristic of the parenchymal type of peliosis. knowledge of the imaging features of hemorrhagic necrosis due to peliosis hepatis is important since it can be responsive to antibiotic therapy. Furthermore, differentiating hemorrhagic necrosis from hepatic abscess avoids dangerous and sometimes fatal percutaneous drainage. ( info)

2/71. peliosis hepatis with initial presentation as acute hepatic failure and intraperitoneal hemorrhage in children.

    peliosis hepatis, a condition characterized by the presence of blood-filled lacunar spaces in the liver, usually has a chronic presentation pattern and is mainly reported in adult patients in association with chronic wasting disorders and after administration of various drugs. The present report concerns two previously healthy young children in whom peliosis hepatis initially presented as acute hepatic failure and who had escherichia coli pyelonephritis. Both patients had active intraperitoneal hemorrhage from the peliotic liver lesions, and liver ultrasonography showed multiple hypoechoic areas of different sizes, which in this context should suggest the diagnosis. One child died from hypovolemic shock and the other recovered. This study indicates that acute peliosis hepatis can be a serious life-threatening disease in children. ( info)

3/71. Absence of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus dna in bacillary angiomatosis-peliosis lesions.

    bartonella henselae and B. quintana induce an unusual vascular proliferative tissue response known as bacillary angiomatosis (BA) and bacillary peliosis (BP) in some human hosts. The mechanisms of Bartonella-associated vascular proliferation remain unclear. Although host factors probably play a role, microbial coinfection has not been ruled out. Because of the vascular proliferative characteristics noted in both Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) and BA and occasional colocalization of KS and BA, the possibility was explored that KS-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) might be associated with BA lesions. tissues with BA and positive and negative control tissues were tested for the presence of KSHV dna by a sensitive polymerase chain reaction assay. Only 1 of 10 BA tissues, a splenic biopsy, was positive in this assay; this tissue was from a patient with concomitant KS of the skin. Thus, KSHV is probably not involved in the vascular proliferative response seen in BA-BP. ( info)

4/71. peliosis hepatis with intrahepatic hemorrhage: successful embolization of the hepatic artery.

    peliosis hepatis is defined as the appearance of blood filled lakes in the hepatic parenchyma. It has been associated with various pharmacological agents and infections. Treatment has been primarily symptomatic and includes discontinuation of offending medications, partial hepatectomy or occasionally liver transplantation. We report a 58 year old white female on hormone replacement therapy who developed symptomatic peliosis hepatis and underwent successful superselective hepatic artery embolization with control of bleeding. ( info)

5/71. peliosis hepatis after treatment with 2-chloro-3'-deoxyadenosine.

    peliosis hepatis is an unusual disorder associated with a variety of diseases and treatments. This is the first report of peliosis hepatis associated with administration of 2-chloro-3'-deoxyadenosine. The literature is reviewed. ( info)

6/71. Pelioid-type hepatocellular carcinoma masquerading as a hepatic hemangioma on technetium-99m red blood cell scintigraphy.

    technetium-99m red blood cell (RBC) scintigraphy is a very specific method to differentiate a hemangioma from other hepatic masses. The authors report a case of hepatocellular carcinoma that showed a focal area of increased uptake on Tc-99m RBC SPECT in a 60-year-old man. Dynamic computed tomography and angiography revealed features of both hemangioma and hepatocellular carcinoma. Pathologic examination showed that the portion of the hepatocellular carcinoma that showed increased uptake on Tc-99m RBC scintigraphy had peliosis, which is the likely cause of the radiotracer avidity. ( info)

7/71. peliosis hepatis with pseudotumoral and hemorrhagic evolution: CT and MR findings.

    peliosis hepatis is an uncommon benign disorder characterized by blood-filled cavities within the liver. We describe the sonographic, computed tomographic, and magnetic resonance appearance of a patient affected by peliosis hepatis with pseudotumoral and hemorrhagic evolution and direct demonstration of the ectatic vascular components. ( info)

8/71. Lipiodol accumulation in focal peliosis hepatis with sinusoidal dilatation.

    peliosis hepatis is a rare benign condition that is histologically characterized by multiple cystic blood-filled spaces in the liver. Although the cause is unknown, the condition occurs in association with several diseases or medications. We report a patient who was found to have a lesion with lipiodol accumulation in the liver 2 months after its intraarterial injection. The lesion was diagnosed and treated as a small hepatocellular carcinoma. However, subsequent right hepatic lobectomy and histologic examination confirmed the diagnosis of focal peliosis hepatis. ( info)

9/71. peliosis hepatis: triphasic helical CT and dynamic MRI findings.

    We report the triphasic helical computed tomographic (CT) and dynamic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in a unique case of biopsy-proven peliosis of the liver. Several reports have described the CT and MRI findings of this entity without specific appearance. This report discusses the usefulness of dynamic helical CT and MRI for the early diagnosis of peliosis. ( info)

10/71. Hepatic rupture caused by peliosis hepatis.

    peliosis hepatis is a rare entity that can affect children and cause fatal hepatic hemorrhage or hepatic failure. Radiographic findings are nonspecific and can resemble other hepatic pathologies such as cysts, abscesses, metastases, and hemangiomatosis. peliosis hepatis can resolve spontaneously or by withdrawal of inciting medications. Certain cases may require surgical resection of the involved portions of the liver. Recently, fatal liver hemorrhage was reported in 2 pediatric patients with a rare congenital muscle disorder known as myotubular (centronuclear) myopathy. One of these patients was found at autopsy to have peliosis hepatis. The authors report the first successful treatment of life-threatening liver hemorrhage caused by peliosis hepatis in a child with myotubular myopathy. awareness of this condition may reduce the catastrophic complications seen with peliosis hepatis. ( info)
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