Cases reported "Periarthritis"

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1/27. Acute calcific periarthritis in scleroderma.

    Three patients with limited cutaneous scleroderma (crest syndrome) and acute calcific periarthritis are presented. "Chalky" bursal effusion in one patient demonstrated masses of calcium hydroxyapatite crystals. In contrast to idiopathic acute calcific periarthritis, resorption of periarticular calcifications after resolution of acute attacks occurs both less frequently and incompletely in scleroderma associated acute calcific periarthritis. ( info)

2/27. The articular manifestations of Paget's disease of bone. A case report.

    Disorders of joints are commonly associated with Paget's disease of bone but are often disregarded or attributed to the underlying Pagetic condition. The authors evaluated a 69-year-old man with extensive Paget's disease of bone, degenerative arthritis, calcific periarthritis, and gout. The degenerative arthritis and calcific periarthritis of the shoulders was originally mistaken for Paget's disease of the proximal humerus. The wrist arthritis was attributed to Paget's disease until evaluation of surgical pathology specimens showed intraarticular gouty granulomas. In evaluating and treating a patient with Paget's disease of bone, the orthopedic surgeon should be aware that the successful treatment of associated articular disorders may require therapeutic measures in addition to those used in treating the Paget's disease. ( info)

3/27. Acute calcific periarthritis of proximal interphalangeal joint in a professional golfer 's hand.

    This report describes a 22-yr-old professional golfer with acute calcific periarthritis of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the 4th finger. We considered that the major cause for this condition may be the repeated minor traumas to the affected site. Also, since this condition is self-limiting, a correct diagnosis is required to avoid unnecessary tests and surgery. ( info)

4/27. Pseudopodagra: A presenting manifestation of infective endocarditis.

    Podagra is a term used to describe acute monoarthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal (1st MTP) joint. The most common diagnoses of arthritis in this joint are: crystal-induced synovitis, septic arthritis, traumatic conditions and reactive arthritis. When etiologies other than gout are involved this is frequently referred to as pseudopodagra. We report the case of a patient who presented with pain and swelling of the 1st MTP The absence of intraarticular crystals and hyperuricemia encouraged further evaluation of the patient. A cardiac murmur was investigated by echocardiography, which revealed valvular vegetations and the diagnosis of infective endocarditis (IE) was established. This is the first reported case of a podagra-like presentation of IE. As in this case, the diagnosis of gout should rest on findings beyond the presence at 1st MTP arthritis, with evaluation of all extraarticular signs in order to rule out other possible diagnoses. ( info)

5/27. Seronegative symmetric polyarthritis in sezary syndrome.

    We describe a patient with sezary syndrome and seronegative symmetric polyarthritis. Detailed analysis of the synovial membrane, including T lymphocyte subset delineation, demonstrated that malignant synovial infiltration was the direct cause of arthritis in this patient. ( info)

6/27. Rapidly progressive calcific periarthritis occurring in a patient with lupus nephritis receiving chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.

    We present a patient who developed rapidly progressive calcific periarthritis while receiving chronic ambulatory peritoneal dialysis. She developed chronic renal failure on the basis of lupus nephritis. Hydroxyapatite crystals were isolated from periarticular deposits and identified using phase contrast light microscopy and electron microscopy. Conservative management using phosphate binding agents and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs was unsuccessful and lesions were excised surgically. ( info)

7/27. Recurrent calcific periarthritis, erosive osteoarthritis and hypophosphatasia: a family study.

    We describe a mother and 2 daughters with familial recurrent calcific periarthritis in a family with an inherited tendency to develop generalized osteoarthritis (OA). Low levels of serum alkaline phosphatase were found in 1 of the daughters while the mother developed erosive OA in later life. HLA typing was noncontributory. However, the 3 individuals with periarthritis possessed blood group A , while the 6 unaffected family members were O . The experience of this family adds weight to the case that recurrent calcific periarthritis may be due to an inherited abnormality of alkaline phosphatase production and suggest that this may also be responsible for the recently observed association of calcific periarthritis and erosive OA. ( info)

8/27. erythema nodosum and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

    We describe a case of erythema nodosum associated with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The course and resolution of the erythema nodosum correlated most closely with a breakdown and release of new antigen at the start of a new regimen of chemotherapy. ( info)

9/27. periarthritis associated with basic calcium phosphate crystal deposition and low levels of serum alkaline phosphatase--report of three cases from one family.

    Three siblings, 2 women and one man, from an Iranian-Jewish family with low serum levels of alkaline phosphatase (liver fraction) and symptomatic calcific periarthritis of multiple joints are described. Both parents and 2 additional siblings had normal serum alkaline phosphatase levels and no joint symptoms. The disease in the proposita, a 49-year-old woman, showed 3 unusual features: (1) no rise in acute phase serum proteins despite severe attacks of periarthritis; (2) refractoriness to treatment; (3) pure octacalcium phosphate found in a deposit obtained by biopsy. ( info)

10/27. Recurrent calcific periarthritis leading to erosive osteoarthritis.

    Over a period of 31 years the patient described had recurrent attacks of acute calcific periarthritis at multiple sites. In the latter years of her follow-up she has developed an erosive polyarticular osteoarthritis at sites previously affected by calcific periarthritis and we speculate that there may be a pathogenetic link between these two conditions in some patients. ( info)
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