Cases reported "Phlebitis"

Filter by keywords:

Retrieving documents. Please wait...

21/130. Mondor's disease of the breast resulting from jellyfish sting.

    OBJECTIVE: To present two cases of Mondor's disease of the breast resulting from jellyfish stings in western australia. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 30-year-old Caucasian woman presented with a palpable thickened cord in her right breast. The straightness of the cord suggested a thrombosed lymphatic. A 50-year-old Caucasian woman presented with an obvious palpable cord extending most of the length of her left breast. mammography demonstrated no abnormality. Both women reported having been stung by jellyfish a month earlier. INTERVENTION AND OUTCOME: As Mondor's disease is a benign, self-limiting disease, the patients were reassured and reviewed routinely. In each case, the condition settled spontaneously over a period of several weeks. CONCLUSION: Jellyfish stings should be recognised as an unusual variant of the numerous causes which have been described for Mondor's disease. ( info)

22/130. Chronic intestinal lymphocytic microphlebitis.

    The authors report two cases of a peculiar microphlebitis of the intestines, similar to that described by Saraga and Costa quite recently [5]. The patients had undergone hemicolectomy because of evolving ileus caused by cecal polyps or lipohyperplasia, respectively. Pseudomembranous-ulcerative inflammation of the cecum and variously intense lymphocytic infiltrates of numerous small submucosal veins and venules of the intestines were found in both cases. thrombosis occurred very rarely in the affected vessels, although sometimes it was found in deeper and larger veins. arteries, lymphatics, mesenterial veins and lymph nodes were normal. Parts of the distal ileum and ascending colon displayed the phlebitic changes without mucosal alterations. The authors hypothesize that it was not the abnormal local circulation, but some hitherto not fully clarified immunological disorder that resulted in the disease. In contrast to the claim of Saraga and Costa [5], it is suggested that thrombosis of the small veins does not have a significant role in the development of the lesions, but a complex process that includes the entry of antigens via the altered mucosa followed by an immunogenic inflammatory response of the small veins is responsible for the pathogenesis. ( info)

23/130. SUNCT may be another manifestation of orbital venous vasculitis.

    A patient with more than 20 years of SUNCT, i.e., long lasting periods with frequent attacks of intense orbital pain with a duration of about one minute, associated with ipsilateral conjunctival injection, lacrimation, rhinorrhea and facial sweating is described. Some attacks were possibly related to increased cerebral blood flow but could also be triggered from the oral area. Orbital phlebography showed pathologic changes on the side of the pain, changes which were normalized when these attacks ceased to appear. Due to these findings in conjunction with serum evidence of inflammation, associated systemic symptoms and susceptibility to steroids and azathioprine, venous vasculitis is suggested to be the cause of SUNCT in this patient. carbamazepine and sumatriptan decreased the frequency, intensity and duration of attacks, although not completely. ( info)

24/130. A case of gastric adenocarcinoma associated with giant-cell phlebitis.

    A 60-year-old male patient with advanced gastric adenocarcinoma was treated by subtotal gastrectomy with dissection of the regional lymph nodes. Microscopic examination of the tumour revealed tubular adenocarcinoma which invaded the muscularis propria. There was no evidence of metastatic carcinoma in the dissected lymph nodes (pT2N0Mx). Granulomatous reaction comprising epithelioid cells and giant cells involved subserosal muscular veins, adjacent to the carcinoma tissue. Fibrinoid necrosis, with or without infiltration of eosinophils, was noted within the lumen of some veins. The acid-fast and fungal stains were negative. Remnants of parasites were not identified in serial sections of the paraffin blocks. No pulmonary disease was evident on radiographic or pulmonary examination. The presence of granulomatous destruction of muscular veins with sparing of arteries suggested the diagnosis of giant-cell phlebitis. To our knowledge, there have been no previous reports regarding an association between giant-cell phlebitis and advanced gastric adenocarcinoma. ( info)

25/130. Retinal periphlebitis resembling frosted branch angiitis with nonperfused central retinal vein occlusion.

    PURPOSE: To report the unusual association between severe retinal periphlebitis resembling frosted branch angiitis and nonperfused central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). methods: Observational case reports. RESULTS: Patient 1 was a 28-year-old man who presented with extensive sheathing involving all retinal veins in one eye followed by nonperfused CRVO. Twenty-seven months after initial presentation, he developed perfused CRVO in the other eye followed by periphlebitis that progressed into nonperfused CRVO. Patient 2 was a 47-year-old man who presented with unilateral severe retinal periphlebitis associated with nonperfused CRVO. Despite systemic administration of corticosteroid therapy, rubeosis iridis developed in both patients and neovascular glaucoma developed in Patient 1 despite full panretinal photocoagulation. Extensive systemic workup and coagulation studies were unremarkable except for the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies in both patients and elevated plasma homocysteine level in Patient 2. CONCLUSIONS: Severe retinal periphlebitis complicated by nonperfused CRVO is associated with poor visual outcome despite appropriate medical and surgical treatment. ( info)

26/130. Occlusive phlebitis, a diagnostic feature in Riedel's thyroiditis.

    Five cases of Riedel's invasive fibrous thyroiditis are presented. Clinically and histopathologically all cases fulfilled the criteria for this lesion. In both small and large veins there were inflammatory changes and obliteration of the lumen, followed by sclerosis. These changes were found in each operative specimen, and seemed to be a diagnostic feature of invasive fibrous thyroiditis. We consider this change to be an occlusive phlebitis, and have noted that it occurs in association with multifocal fibrosclerosis. Three stages can be recognised: infiltrative, occlusive and sclerotic. In other thyroid lesions such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis, granulomatous thyroiditis of the Quervain type and adenomatous goitre these peculiar changes in the veins were not found. ( info)

27/130. Enterocolic lymphocytic phlebitis with lymphocytic colitis, lymphocytic appendicitis, and lymphocytic enteritis.

    We describe a 53-year-old man with a history of diarrhea temporally related to the use of flutamide. He developed an acute abdomen, and presented with an ileocecal intussusception due to an edematous ischemic cecum. The ischemia was due to enterocolic lymphocytic phlebitis (ELP), with numerous associated thrombi. The phlebitis involved not only the ischemic area but also the grossly unaffected areas, including the entire right colon, terminal ileum, and appendix. All layers of the bowel wall were involved. mesenteric veins were also prominently affected, but the arteries were spared. This rare form of vasculitis was associated with a marked lymphocytic infiltrate involving the epithelium of the entire right colon, ileum, and appendix. This is the first reported case of ELP occurring in conjunction with lymphocytic colitis, lymphocytic enteritis, and lymphocytic appendicitis. The temporal association of the patient's symptoms with flutamide use suggests that this peculiar form of lymphocytic inflammation of the veins and mucosa likely represents a drug reaction. We suggest that some cases of lymphocytic colitis may also be associated with ELP but are unlikely to be recognized unless affected submucosal vessels happen to be included in the biopsy. ( info)

28/130. panniculitis of the descending colon caused by enterocolic phlebitis: a case report.

    A 73-year-old male was referred to our hospital for abdominal pain, diarrhea and general fatigue lasting for 3 weeks. physical examination of the abdomen revealed a firm mass in the left abdominal region. Computed tomography revealed a mass around the descending colon. colonoscopy and barium enema revealed poor extensibility of the lumen with edematous mucosa, and narrowing of the descending colon with rugged mucosal surface. Because of the clinical symptoms and findings, the patient was diagnosed clinically as suffering from panniculitis of the descending colon. He underwent the left hemi-colectomy with side-to-side colo-colostomy after making of a loop ileostomy. Histological analysis of the resected colon showed an infiltration of inflammatory cells, predominantly lymphocytes, into veins and venules of the submucosa, muscularis propria and fat tissue of the colonic mesentery, with an involvement of all layers of the vessel wall. arteries were escaped from inflammatory changes. The histopathological diagnosis of enterocolic phlebitis and venulitis was made because of these findings. ( info)

29/130. Xanthogranulomatous funiculitis and orchiepididymitis: report of 2 cases with immunohistochemical study and literature review.

    Two patients with xanthogranulomatous inflammation are described, one with involvement of the spermatic cord and the other with 1 testicle and epididymis affected. To our knowledge, only 12 cases of xanthogranulomatous orchiepididymitis have been reported previously, one of which also presented a xanthogranulomatous funiculitis. Clinically, our patients presented with spermatic cord enlargement (case 1) and chronic orchitis that did not respond to treatment with antibiotics (case 2). Histopathologically, both cases showed extensive xanthogranulomatous inflammation with numerous foamy macrophages that were associated with colonies of microorganisms suggestive of actinomyces in case 1. Additionally, escherichia coli was cultured from the surgical specimen of case 2. The possible underlying pathology may be diabetes in case 1 and phlebitis associated with chronic orchitis in case 2. Differential diagnoses with other lesions that are rich in macrophages, such as malakoplakia, and those testicular neoplasms without serologic tumor markers are discussed. ( info)

30/130. Recurrent infusion phlebitis induced by cyclosporine.

    OBJECTIVE: To report a case of recurrent infusion phlebitis during cyclosporine treatment, which, as of October 14, 2004, is a previously unreported adverse effect of this drug. CASE SUMMARY: A 28-year-old man previously diagnosed with ulcerative colitis was admitted to the internal medicine department due to exacerbation of the condition and treated with intravenous hydrocortisone, followed by treatment with intravenous cyclosporine. During this treatment, the patient experienced quick, recurrent, and significant infusion phlebitis. The intravenous catheter and its site needed to be replaced repeatedly during the continuum of treatment, eventually leading to complete remission of the ulcerative colitis. After 8 months, the patient was still in remission, with no permanent signs of damage to the involved phlebitic veins. DISCUSSION: Infusion phlebitis induced by drugs is a common phenomenon that causes pain and difficulty in a patient's treatment. Many drugs, mainly antibiotics and cytotoxic drugs, have previously been reported to induce infusion phlebitis. We describe the first report of a patient with cyclosporine-induced recurrent infusion phlebitis. According to the Naranjo probability scale, the relationship of the encountered phlebitis to cyclosporine therapy is probable. CONCLUSIONS: Recurrent infusion phlebitis is a previously unreported adverse effect encountered during treatment with cyclosporine. This important adverse effect must be considered when treating patients with this unique drug. ( info)
<- Previous || Next ->

Leave a message about 'phlebitis'

We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.