Cases reported "Plasmacytoma"

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1/749. Coexistence of erythrocyte agglutination and EDTA-dependent platelet clumping in a patient with thymoma and plasmocytoma.

    For 8 years, EDTA-dependent pseudothrombocytopenia was observed in a 55-year-old woman with a history of rheumatoid arthritis who had undergone surgery for lymphoepithelial thymoma 11 years earlier. The clinical picture was characterized by the presence of platelet clumps and antiplatelet antibodies of the IgM class. With the recent appearance of a solitary extramedullary plasmocytoma in the right retrobulbar region and the detection of an IgGlambda monoclonal gammopathy, blood examination also revealed erythrocyte agglutinates alongside the platelet clumps and the presence of a cold IgG antibody with antiI specificity. Both phenomena were observed in vitro when the sample temperature declined to 20 degrees C to 25 degrees C, but not at 37 degrees C. While the EDTA-dependent antiplatelet antibodies did not appear to be chronologically correlated with the patient's diseases, the cold antierythrocyte autoantibodies were strictly related to the plasmocytoma and the IgGlambda monoclonal component in serum. To our knowledge, this is the first description of an association between EDTA-dependent platelet and erythrocyte agglutinates, with a clinical picture of pseudothrombocytopenia and pseudoerythrocytopenia due to cold agglutinins. ( info)

2/749. plasmacytoma of the ovary: a case report and literature review.

    BACKGROUND: Ovarian plasmacytomas are a unique and unusual presentation of extramedullary plasmacytomas (EMP). A report of the seventh such case is presented with review of the previous six cases. methods: Surgical and medical staging were performed on the present case. The literature is reviewed. RESULTS: EMP involving the ovary is usually large at the time of presentation, more likely involving the left side, and without evidence of disseminated disease. As in other plasma cell dyscrasia, IgG paraprotein is more frequently involved. CONCLUSION: Adjuvant treatment for ovarian plasmacytomas is not clearly established; however, if complete surgical resection is achieved and no evidence of multiple myeloma is found, observation should be strongly considered. ( info)

3/749. Subglottic plasmacytoma: the use of jet ventilation and contact Nd:YAG laser for tissue diagnosis.

    Extramedullary plasmacytomas (EMP) constitute only 1% of all head and neck malignancies, with the vast majority occurring in the upper respiratory tract. The diagnosis of laryngeal EMP can be difficult since the symptoms are non-specific and the tumor usually mucosally covered. This paper discusses the successful combination of jet Venturi ventilation technique with suspension microlaryngoscopy and contact Nd:YAG laser for tissue diagnosis in a patient presenting with a large subglottic mass. Previous attempts using standard endotracheal intubation and forceps technique for biopsy failed to reach the diagnosis and resulted in significant bleeding from the biopsy site. A review of the disease and technique is presented. ( info)

4/749. poems syndrome: cicatricial alopecia as an unusual cutaneous manifestation associated with an underlying plasmacytoma.

    poems syndrome is a rare condition with cutaneous manifestations commonly including angiomas, hypertrichosis, hyperpigmentation, and thickening of the skin. We describe a male patient with a 2-year history of cervical lymphadenopathy, erythematous thickening of the skin on the neck, and progressive walking difficulties. The patient had an occipital erythema with scarring alopecia and sparse follicular pustules at the edge of the lesion. Further investigation revealed symmetric polyneuropathy, hepatosplenomegaly, monoclonal gammopathy, subclinical thyreopathy, and an osteolytic bone lesion of the skull. Histologically, a plasmacytoma with lambda cell restriction was found. The overlying skin showed marked fibrosis, with loss of hair follicles, and a plasma cell infiltrate of polyclonal origin. The cervical lymph nodes showed histologic characteristics of multicentric Castleman's disease, and the skin of the neck showed thickening and vasoproliferation. There was no evidence of further plamacytomas. After excision of the plasmacytoma and postoperative irradiation, the symptoms gradually resolved within a few months. A cicatricial lesion remained on the occiput without further folliculitis or hair loss on the rest of the scalp. This case illustrates the reactive character of poems syndrome as a paraneoplastic syndrome in myeloma patients. ( info)

5/749. polyradiculoneuropathy revealing a solitary plasmacytoma of the ilium. A new case-report.

    Neurological manifestations are uncommon in myeloma patients, and subacute polyradiculoneuropathy as the inaugural manifestations of solitary plasmacytoma of bone is exceedingly rare. We report the case of a 52-year-old man who was evaluated for a three-month history of flaccid tetraplegia with a gradually ascending onset and for a deterioration in general health. electromyography findings were consistent with polyradiculoneuropathy. Laboratory tests showed a moderate amount of a monoclonal IgG-lambda antibody. Findings were normal from a radiographic bone survey and a radionuclide bone scan. Computed tomography of the pelvis disclosed a solitary osteolytic lesion in the right iliac crest, which was found upon biopsy to be a malignant plasmacytoma. radiation therapy and chemotherapy were given. Subacute or chronic polyradiculoneuropathy as the inaugural manifestation of solitary plasmacytoma is exceedingly rare and should be distinguished from the sensorimotor polyneuropathy produced by plasma cell infiltration in some multiple myeloma patients. The polyradiculoneuropathy of solitary plasmacytoma can be likened to the neuropathies seen in some forms of multiple myeloma (sclerotic myeloma and poems syndrome). The pathophysiology of these neuropathies remains obscure. The case reported here suggests that patients with unexplained lasting polyradiculoneuropathy should be investigated for a plasma cell proliferation even if they have no serum monoclonal component. Because plasmacytomas are painless, imaging studies are needed for their diagnosis. The management of the neuropathy consists in treatment of the tumor. ( info)

6/749. Solitary plasmacytoma of the larynx and upper trachea associated with systemic lupus erythematosus.

    Solitary plasmacytoma rarely involves the larynx and trachea. This tumor caused severe laryngeal and tracheal obstruction in an adolescent female with systemic lupus erythematosus of nine years' duration. Her systemic disease had been in remission at the time she developed symptoms of laryngeal and tracheal obstruction by plasmacytoma invasion. A complete survey failed to reveal any other focus of tumor. Because steroid therapy failed to clear the plasma cell infiltrate, she was treated with irradiation after the tumor was surgically debulked endoscopically. Postirradiation biopsy showed no evidence of tumor, but the patient continued to experience moderate airway obstruction from fibrosis in the irradiated trachea. The patient has been followed, and is free of disease nine years after establishing the diagnosis. ( info)

7/749. Primary plasmacytoma of testis. Report of a case.

    A primary testicular tumour in a 62 year old man was found to be a plasmacytoma on histopathological examination without any extra testicular disease prior to or subsequent to orchiectomy, fulfilling the criteria for the primary extramedullary plasmacytoma. Such cases are extremely rare. Evaluation of such a case was discussed and the relevant literature reviewed. ( info)

8/749. Falcotentorial plasmacytoma. Case report.

    Intracranial solitary plasmacytomas are extremely rare tumors and are often misdiagnosed preoperatively. The authors report the successful treatment of a patient who harbored such a tumor involving both the falx and tentorium; this is the second case reported. A 59-year-old woman suffered from a seizure disorder due to a falcotentorial lesion, which had been identified 3 years earlier and was thought at the time to be an en plaque meningioma. Most recently, the patient presented with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure and hemiparesis. Computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of her head revealed progressive growth of the tumor. The patient underwent partial resection of the tumor and chemo- and radiation therapies. Intracranial plasmacytomas must always be included in a differential diagnosis because potential complete cure can be achieved using fairly conservative treatment modalities. ( info)

9/749. Testicular plasmacytoma: appearance on gray-scale and power Doppler sonography.

    A case of testicular plasmacytoma, a very rare neoplasm, is presented. The gray-scale and power Doppler sonographic findings are illustrated. The lesion appeared as a hypoechoic, intratesticular mass that was markedly hypervascular. When marked hypervascularity is present in a testicular mass in a patient unlikely to have orchitis on clinical grounds, plasmacytoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis. ( info)

10/749. Solitary plasmacytoma of the skull base presenting with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss.

    Solitary plasmacytoma of the skull base is a rare entity with only a few reported cases in the literature. We review the literature and present our experience with this lesion that produced ipsilateral sensorineural hearing loss, vertigo and ipsilateral sixth nerve palsy. ( info)
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