Cases reported "pleural effusion"

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1/1527. Severe mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia.

    Four cases of severe mycoplasma pneumoniae infection are reported which were treated in a single hospital over the course of 4 years. The difficulties in the diagnosis of M. pneumoniae infections are eminently demonstrated by these cases. Because of the fact that it generally takes 2-o weeks to make this diagnosis, the physician must utilize clues of limited reliability. If gram stains and culture of sputum fail to demonstrate any bacterial pathogen and the patient has a chest X-ray compatible with this diagnosis as well as a white blood count less than 15,000/mm3, M. pneumoniae infection may be present. A good antimicrobial choice in such a situation is erythromycin. ( info)

2/1527. Posttransplantation lymphoproliferative disorder mimicking a nonspecific lymphocytic pleural effusion in a bone marrow transplant recipient. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Serous effusions are rare complications of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) and result mainly from infections or tumor relapse. CASE: We report a case of posttransplantation lympho-proliferative disorder (PTLD) revealed by cytodiagnostic examination of serous effusions in a BMT recipient. The effusion was initially considered reactive, but morphologic, immunocytologic and molecular studies subsequently revealed PTLD. CONCLUSION: This case demonstrates the importance of cytologic examination of effusions in BMT or organ recipients. Since most PTLDs are Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders and T cells predominate in reactive effusions, appropriate initial immunostaining, including CD3, CD79a and EBV latent membrane protein, should aid in their early detection. ( info)

3/1527. association of body cavity-based lymphoma and human herpesvirus 8 in an hiv-seronegative male. Report of a case with immunocytochemical and molecular studies.

    BACKGROUND: Recently lymphomas arising primarily in serosal surfaces have been found in patients with advanced acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), but they very rarely seem to occur in human immunodeficiency virus (hiv)-negative patients. Studies on a subset of these lymphomas suggested that they represent a distinct entity associated with Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus or human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8). CASE: An 83-year-old, hiv-negative male was admitted to the hospital with a massive pleural effusion. Abdominal and chest computed tomographic scanning was normal. Cytologic analysis of the pleural effusion revealed a large cell, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. polymerase chain reaction analyses on genomic dna from the pleural effusion demonstrated the presence of HHV-8 sequences in the absence of Epstein-Barr virus. CONCLUSION: It is possible and advantageous to diagnose body cavity-based lymphoma with a combination of cytologic, immunocytochemical and molecular studies of the pleural effusion in conjunction with clinical and radiographic information. ( info)

4/1527. Evaluation of perplexing pleural effusions.

    Recommendations on diagnostic testing are followed by brief reviews of the potential etiologies. General guidelines for the management of undiagnosed cases are described as well. ( info)

5/1527. Human pulmonary dirofilariasis associated with pleural effusion.

    tuberculosis, untreated pneumonia and other chest infections were excluded as possible causes of histological features observed in patient who had been discovered in a chest X-ray survey. pleural effusion was eventually attributed to a dirofilarial granuloma found in a small pulmonary artery. ( info)

6/1527. dermatomyositis and peritoneal papillary serous carcinoma.

    We describe an unusual case of peritoneal papillary serous carcinoma (PPSC) arising in a female patient with dermatomyositis (DM). Despite periodic extensive searches for an underlying malignancy, no malignancy had been detected in this patient during the first 2.5 years after the diagnosis of DM. It was only when the patient presented with pleural effusion and ascites that the underlying intra-abdominal malignancy was detected by laparoscopy. Treatment with four cycles of pre-operative chemotherapy (taxol and cisplatin) resulted in tumor regression with amelioration in the muscular manifestation of the DM, but without parallelic amelioration in the skin manifestations of the DM. Explorative laparotomy confirmed the presence of papillary serous carcinoma in the omentum, surface of the left ovary and the retroperitoneal lymph nodes, and established the diagnosis of PPSC. Following two cycles of postoperative chemotherapy, the patient is alive with no evidence of internal malignancy. However, although muscle strength and enzymes have remained normal, no effect on the skin manifestation of DM has been observed. This case illustrates that, alongside the more frequently occurring ovarian carcinoma, PPSC should also be considered in the differential diagnosis of the underlying malignancy that may occur in the female patient with DM. ( info)

7/1527. Meigs' syndrome with elevated CA125: case report and review of the literature.

    A 51-year-old woman presented with acute ascites and hydrothorax is reported. Pelvic ultrasound showed two pelvic solid masses and serum CA125 level was elevated (577 IU/ml). pathology revealed bilateral ovarian fibromas. We present this case of Meigs' syndrome and discuss its diagnostic problems and a review of the literature. ( info)

8/1527. Co-incidental presentation of IgA lambda multiple myeloma and pleural involvement with IgM kappa non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

    Pleural effusions occur in approximately 6% of patients with myeloma. The aetiology is multifactorial and effusions due to pleural myelomatous involvement are rare, occurring in < 1% of cases. We report the case of a 68-year-old lady who presented with IgA myeloma and a concurrent pleural effusion due to a second IgM kappa producing B cell neoplasm. The former responded but the latter was resistant to standard myeloma therapy. ( info)

9/1527. Pitfalls of transhepatic portal venography and therapeutic coronary vein occlusion.

    Coronary vein occlusions via transhepatic portography for bleeding esophageal varices was attempted in 24 patients. Problems occurred that either prevented the attempt or resulted in less than adequate occlusion. These included blood flow in the left gastric (coronary) vein toward the liver due to occluded or stenotic splenorenal shunts, spontaneous left gastric vein to inferior vena cava shunts, and failure of powdered Gelfoam and heat-treated autogenous clot to cause permanent occlusion. Of 89 total transhepatic portographies, 65 for diagnosis and 24 for occlusion, major complications occurred in two. ( info)

10/1527. Chronic aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta presenting with right pleural effusion and left phrenic paralysis.

    A 62-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department with chronic dysphagia and lower back pain. Chest radiography revealed a wide mediastinal shadow and an elevated left diaphragm, which proved to be secondary to left phrenic paralysis. The patient was diagnosed with an aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta and was admitted to the hospital. After the patient was admitted, the aneurysm ruptured into the right chest. The patient underwent an emergency operation to replace the ruptured segment with a synthetic graft. Postoperative recovery and follow-up were uneventful. This report describes an unusual presentation of a thoracic aortic aneurysm. Hemidiaphragmatic paralysis caused by compression of the phrenic nerve is an unusual complication that, to our knowledge, has not been previously reported. ( info)
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